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A History of the SikhsVolume 1: 1469-1838$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673081

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.001.0001

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Europeanization of the Army

Europeanization of the Army

(p.250) 16. Europeanization of the Army
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the Europeanization of the Durbar army. This occurred when French, Greek, Eurasian, Spanish, Hungarian, English, and Italian soldiers were taken into the employ of the Durbar. The beginning of the chapter mentions some names of important European officers, such as Ventura and Allard, who were an infantryman and cavalier, respectively. The next section is about the battle of Naushera and the death of Phula Singh. Phula Singh died in the battle of Pir Sabak; his death was a heavy loss despite the victory the Punjabis held over the Pathans. The victory of the Punjabi against the Afghans and the Pathans worried the British, and they began negotiations in order to stop the aggressive actions of the Punjabis.

Keywords:   Europeanization, Durbar army, Ventura, Allard, battle of Naushera, Phula Singh, battle of Pir Sabak, Pathans, Afghans

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