As a follow-up to Glimpses of World History, Jawaharlal Nehru thought of tracing his own mental development and reviewing events in India that were relevant to him for the past fifteen years. In the summer of 1934, while Nehru was in prison, the idea of writing an autobiography occurred to him. Nehru began writing the book on 4 June 1934 and finished it on 14 February 1935. Autobiography chronicles Nehru’s ancestry and childhood; his seven years in Harrow and Cambridge; his return to India; his initiation into the legal profession; his marriage; his early forays into nationalist politics during World War I; and the emergence of nationalism under Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership. The book actually focused more on the struggle against the British Raj than on Nehru’s life. Throughout the book, Nehru criticizes Britain and accuses it of deliberately promoting sectarianism as well as impeding India’s progress.
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