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Jawaharlal NehruRebel and Statesman$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195645866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.001.0001

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Nehru and Non-Alignment

Nehru and Non-Alignment

Chapter:
(p.222) 12 Nehru and Non-Alignment
Source:
Jawaharlal Nehru
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.003.0012

India’s foreign policy could have taken a different course if someone other than Jawaharlal Nehru was at the helm in the early years of Indian independence. In his first broadcast on the All India Radio on 7 September 1946, Nehru revealed his approach to foreign affairs, saying he would like to establish ties with Britain, China, the United States, and the Soviet Union. While seeking cooperation with the Great Powers, however, India clarified that it would not be involved in ‘power polities’. Nehru’s involvement in international relations was inspired by his idealism. Nehru admitted that India’s proclaimed neutrality had earned the ire of the protagonists in the Cold War. His policy of non-alignment was severely tested for the first time with the outbreak of the Korean war in June 1950. The appointment of Krishna Menon to represent India at the United Nations compounded the occasional misunderstandings and tensions between India and the Western bloc.

Keywords:   India, foreign policy, Jawaharlal Nehru, China, United States, international relations, neutrality, non-alignment, Krishna Menon, United Nations

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