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Gandhi and his Critics$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780195633634

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195633634.001.0001

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Gandhi and the Raj

Gandhi and the Raj

(p.57) Chapter 9 Gandhi and the Raj
Gandhi and his Critics

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

Both British statesmen and Indian leaders claimed that India would have a hard time achieving self-government. However, Mahatma Gandhi proved them all wrong. After spending twenty years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India early in 1915 and became a leading figure in Indian politics for the next three decades. His fight against British imperialism culminated in the liberation of India in 1947. Gandhi called for swaraj (self-government) and rejected constitutional reforms doled out in instalments by the British, who deemed the demand unrealistic. In February 1922, Gandhi spearheaded a campaign of mass civil disobedience. Gandhi’s method befuddled the British. If the upsurge of nationalism in India had been violent, the problem would have been relatively simple. The liberation of India from Britain in 1947 was a turning point towards the end of imperialism in Asia and Africa.

Keywords:   nationalism, politics, self-government, British imperialism, swaraj, civil disobedience

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