Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
In War's WakeEurope's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Gerard Daniel Cohen

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195399684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 22 September 2018

“Who is a Refugee?”

“Who is a Refugee?”

FROM “VICTORS’ JUSTICE” TO ANTI-COMMUNISM

Chapter:
(p.35) 2 “Who is a Refugee?”
Source:
In War's Wake
Author(s):

Gerard Daniel Cohen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0003

The chapter discusses the screening operations conducted in the DP camps by Allied armies, UNRRA personnel and IRO staff members. A key challenge for the Western Allies was the identification of “true” and “false” refugees. From 1945 to 1947, antifascism was the main criteria used to separate genuine refugees from “usurpers of DP status.” Military screeners tried to identify former collaborators, veterans of the German army and Nazi sympathizers hidden among the DPs. With the intensification of the Cold War, anticommunism trumped antifascism in the granting of DP status. The IRO reintegrated into its ambit refugees previously rejected on the ground of collaboration. It also erected, for the first time in the history of political asylum, strict boundaries between political and economic refugees: the DP camps served as a laboratory for the attribution of refugee status in the postwar era.

Keywords:   retribution, political asylum, International Refugee Organization, 1951 Geneva Convention, international refugee regime, asylum seekers

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .