Research on Organizational Context
This chapter considers the methodological challenges and strategies at the organizational level of the translation process. Organizational factors include organizational structure, culture and climate, work attitudes, leadership, social influences, and readiness or support for innovation. We review the quantitative and qualitative methods used to examine these associations and to influence the process of translating research into practice. The challenges to conducting translational research resulting from these associations are examined, along with a case study of a statewide randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of an evidence-based practice designed to reduce child neglect and out-of-home placements by child welfare agencies. A mixed-methods study conducted in parallel with the effectiveness trial highlights the effects of the participating agencies on EBP implementation and the reciprocal effects of EBP implementation on the culture and climate of the agencies. Finally, suggestions for developing the infrastructure for conducting such research are offered.
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