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The History of Neuroscience in AutobiographyVolume 7$
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Larry R. Squire

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195396133

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.001.0001

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Joaquín Fuster

Joaquín Fuster

Chapter:
Joaquín Fuster
Source:
The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography
Author(s):

Larry R. Squire

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0002

Joaquín Fuster has devoted his research career to the cognitive neuroscience of the cerebral cortex. His principal contributions have been to the physiology of the frontal lobe in cognition. He was the first to discover “memory cells” in the prefrontal cortex, and later in the temporal and parietal cortices. These cells and their connections form cortical networks that, when activated, constitute the functional substrate of working memory, an executive function essential for goal-directed behavior, language, and reasoning. Studies of those networks in the well-defined experimental conditions of working memory are making it possible to characterize the organization of long-term memory and its dynamics in the perception/action cycle. These studies substantiate the new network paradigm of cortical memory that Fuster has proposed.

Keywords:   frontal lobe, memory cells, cortical networks, working memory, long-term memory

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