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Strategies of Peace$
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Daniel Philpott and Gerard Powers

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195395914

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.001.0001

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How Strategic Is UN Peacebuilding?

How Strategic Is UN Peacebuilding?

Chapter:
(p.141) 6 How Strategic Is UN Peacebuilding?
Source:
Strategies of Peace
Author(s):

Nicholas Sambanis (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0006

This chapter analyzes results from a quantitative study on UN peacekeeping (Doyle and Sambanis) to assess the extent to which UN peacekeeping operations are strategic. Although UN missions are important for achieving self-sustaining or “participatory” peace in the short-term, they fail to positively influence long-term war avoidance. Sambanis argues that the type of UN mission deployed often fails to correspond to the peacebuilding ecology of the conflict. In order for UN operations to become strategic, they must consider the relationship between three key factors in a post-war environment: the depth of hostilities, local capacity for peacebuilding, and resulting requirements for international assistance. Along with these three dimensions—the “peacebuilding triangle”—Sambanis argues that UN interventions must increase their capacity to promote rapid economic growth if they are to achieve sustainable peace.

Keywords:   UN peacekeeping, UN peace operations, peacebuilding, strategic peacebuilding, post-war reconstruction

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