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The Last Segregated HourThe Memphis Kneel-Ins and the Campaign for Southern Church Desegregation$
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Stephen R. Haynes

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195395051

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395051.001.0001

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“This Spectacle of a Church with Guarded Doors”

“This Spectacle of a Church with Guarded Doors”

The Memphis Campaign of 1964

(p.55) 3 “This Spectacle of a Church with Guarded Doors”
The Last Segregated Hour

Stephen R. Haynes

Oxford University Press

This chapter sets the background for the Memphis kneel-in campaign of 1964 in meetings of the city's intercollegiate NAACP chapter. Kneel-ins at Second Presbyterian Church in the spring of 1964 are detailed, with attention given to the reluctant and spotty coverage by local media, church representatives' attempts to apply pressure on student protestors and on responses by the administration of Southwestern College, where many of the protesting students were enrolled. Finally, the chapter describes attempts by representatives of the Presbyterian Church in the United States—at the presbytery, synod and general assembly levels—to intervene in the crisis and bring Second Presbyterian Church into line with Church policy before the 1965 meeting of the PCUS General Assembly, which was scheduled to take place at the embattled Memphis church.

Keywords:   Joe Purdy, Jim Bullock, Howard Romaine, Second Presbyterian Church, Southwestern College, Presbyterian Church in the United States

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