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The Last Segregated Hour
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The Last Segregated Hour: The Memphis Kneel-Ins and the Campaign for Southern Church Desegregation

Stephen R. Haynes


On Palm Sunday 1964, at Second Presbyterian Church in Memphis, a group of black and white students began a “kneel-in” to protest the church's policy of segregation, a protest that would continue in one form or another for more than a year and eventually force the church to open its doors to black worshippers. This book tells the story of this dramatic yet little studied tactic, which was the strategy of choice for bringing attention to segregationist policies in Southern churches. “Kneel-ins” involved surprise visits to targeted churches, usually during Easter season, and often resulted in phy ... More

Keywords: kneel-in, desegregation, segregated churches, non-violent protest, reconciliation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780195395051
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395051.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Stephen R. Haynes, author
Rhodes College