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Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine$
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Evian Gordon, MD, PhD and Stephen Koslow, PhD

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393804

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.001.0001

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The History of Personalized Medicine

The History of Personalized Medicine

(p.3) 1 The History of Personalized Medicine
Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Edward Abrahams

Mike Silver

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the historical path that has led to personalized medicine as we know it today, in the hope of gaining a better perspective on where it will take us in the not-too-distant future. The foundations of anatomy, toxicology, histology, and cellular pathology were established in the centuries after Hippocrates, but it was not until the middle of the 20th century, when we began to get a deeper molecular understanding of disease, and then at the turn of the 21st century, with the sequencing of the human genome, that we could develop the tools to truly personalize diagnosis and treatment. This set in motion the transformation of personalized medicine from an intention to a practice.

Keywords:   personalized medicine, Hippocrates, human genome, disease

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