Without the League of Nations electoral commission supervising the process, a Turkish majority in the registrations was sufficient to provide them twenty-two seats of the forty-seat total. The new Assembly immediately adopted Turkish currency, legal codes, import policies, postage stamps, even the Turkish national anthem. With one exception, all of the high posts in the newly independent Sanjak went to Turks. The next year, the Sanjak—renamed Hatay—became Turkey’s sixty-third province. The process by which the Sanjak had become part of Turkey, and through which the population had become embroiled in increasing polarization, is part of the broader narrative of the 1930s when nations were promised self-determination, neighbors demanded the territories adjoining their own, statesmen promised rights to minorities, and colonial powers sacrificed their colonies for whatever they thought might guarantee their own security.
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