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Fezzes in the RiverIdentity Politics and European Diplomacy in the Middle East on the Eve of World War II$

Sarah D. Shields

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393316

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.001.0001

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(p.253) Appendix II Parties and Commissions (Alphabetical Order)

(p.253) Appendix II Parties and Commissions (Alphabetical Order)

Fezzes in the River
Oxford University Press

Active Committee of the National Turkish Party, headed by Abdulgani Türkmen, was established at the beginning of 1937 but seems to have dissolved into the Republican People’s Party.

Committee of Nationalist Youth and Students was likely the Aleppo chapter of the Arab nationalist youth organization affiliated with the National Bloc government.

Committee for the Defense of the Sanjak was headed by Syrian opposition leader Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar.

Committee of the Defense of the Liwa of Alexandretta and Antioch was an Arab nationalist ad hoc group that appeared with the distribution of brochures in 1937.

Hatay Committee was formed at the beginning of 1937,and seems to have become part of the Republican People’s Party.

International Mission of Observers to the Sanjak of Alexandretta was a three-person delegation agreed on by the League of Nations Council at its meeting on December 16, 1936. Its mission was to inform the Council on the situation in the Sanjak without inquiring into the “substance” of the dispute or intervening in events.

League of National Action was the Arab nationalist party that led both the anticolonial struggle and the effort to keep the Sanjak within Syria’s orbit.

League of Nations Commission for the Organization and Supervision of the First Elections in the Sanjak of Alexandretta (electoral commission) drew up regulations for the elections, visited the Sanjak under the leadership of President (p.254) Reid, and returned to supervise the elections in April 1938 under the leadership of Reimers.

League of Nations Committee of Experts was appointed by the League of Nations Council to draw up the Statute and Fundamental Law for the Sanjak.

League of Nations Committee of the Council, also called the Committee of Five, was an ad hoc committee of five members (representing Sweden, Great Britain, Belgium, France, and Turkey) formed to revise the electoral regulations that had been created by the League of Nations Commission for the Organization and Supervision of the First Elections in the Sanjak of Alexandretta.

League of Nations Permanent Mandates Commission was to provide a supervisory role for all of the League of Nations mandates.

National Bloc was the nationalist political group that rose to power in opposition to French rule in Syria by the 1930s. After signing the Franco-Syrian Treaty that, they hoped, would achieve Syria’s independence, they entered into a policy of “honorable cooperation” with the mandatory regime.

National Union, created at the end of 1937, hoped to unify the Sanjak’s population and bring peace and prosperity in connection with Syria and within the framework of the Statute and Fundamental Law.

Republican People’s Party was the ruling party in Turkey. It was represented in the Sanjak by local chapters and by People’s Houses (halkevleri, sing. halkevi).

Sanjak Union, created at the beginning of 1938, may have been connected with the National Union. It sought to bring together Arabs, non-Kemalist Turks, and others, eliciting the animosity of the Sanjak’s Kemalists.

Society for Annexation to Turkey was established by Captain Refik Bey in October 1936. It seems to have disappeared soon after, its activities apparently folded into the work of the Republican People’s Party.