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Adventures with Iphigenia in TaurisA Cultural History of Euripides' Black Sea Tragedy$
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Edith Hall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195392890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392890.001.0001

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Goethe’s Iphigenie Between Germany and the World

Goethe’s Iphigenie Between Germany and the World

Chapter:
(p.206) X Goethe’s Iphigenie Between Germany and the World
Source:
Adventures with Iphigenia in Tauris
Author(s):

Edith Hall

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392890.003.0010

The most important reception of IT in cultural history is Goethe's verse tragedy Iphigenie auf Tauris (1786). Goethe's Greeks do not rob the barbarians of their unique statue. The victory won in all earlier versions of the play by guile and force is replaced by persuasion and the achievement of consensus. This shift has been the source both of the enormous admiration Goethe's play has elicited, from the founding father of Esperanto (Ludwig Lazarus Zamenhof) among others, and also, since the 1960s, of criticism from a postcolonial standpoint. The chapter traces the identification with the play of the emerging German state and National Socialism, and its impact on Gerhart Hauptmann's Iphigenie in Delphi (1940). But it also argues that in Iphigenie Goethe was struggling with the tension between German nationalism and his more progressive urge, a product of the radical Enlightenment, to encourage the global creation of a new Weltliteratur which could transcend all national and racial categories.

Keywords:   Goethe, Iphigenie auf Tauris, Ludwig Lazarus Zamenhof, Esperanto, Gerhart Hauptmann, Iphigenie in Delphi, Esperanto, National Socialism, German nationalism, Radical Enlightenment, Weltliteratur

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