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Mark Twain and Male FriendshipThe Twichell, Howells, and Rogers Friendships$
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Peter Messent

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195391169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391169.001.0001

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Clemens and Twichell

Clemens and Twichell

(p.39) 2 Clemens and Twichell
Mark Twain and Male Friendship

Peter Messent (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The chapter tells the story of the Clemens‐Twichell relationship and the switch in their relative social authority and celebrity that occurred as Clemens became famous. Some illustration is given of this in terms of the events within the Clemens family circle, later written up in the “Wapping Alice” story. The chapter gives biographical detail on Twichell, his part in the Civil War (and especially Gettysburg), and his own relative celebrity in the period. It traces various stages in the development of the two men's friendship and the way in which the subject of class remained a crucial issue to the both of them (with reference made to Clemens's “Profane Hostler” story). The role played by versions of Twichell within Clemens's writing is examined, as is the two families' interactions within the Hartford community and the nature of the two men's intimacy. The chapter also traces their relationship once Clemens had left Hartford and as Twichell's conservatism hardened.

Keywords:   Twichell, Clemens, Twain, friendship, class, status, Hartford, Olivia, Gettysburg, tramp

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