A “New Immigration Center”
Formerly a country of outmigration, Spain was a belated addition to the ranks of receptor societies. Gathering pace from the late 1980s and reaching a peak in the early years of the new century, immigration has transformed Spain from a monocultural to a multicultural society. Transnational migration contributed to the country's economic boom, which came to an end in 2008 when the construction and financial sectors suffered a setback in the global recession after nearly two decades of continuous growth. This chapter examines the nature and patterns of immigration to Spain, the government's reactive and ad hoc response to the significant influx of migrants, and its impact on a country that faced the challenge of exclusion and integration in the context of an entirely different and much less favorable set of economic circumstances.
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