The East Sutherland Fishing Communities
This chapter describes the history and social structure of the Gaelic‐speaking East Sutherland fishing communities. Forced relocation and involuntary occupational transition to fishing during the Highland Clearances of the early nineteenth century resulted in evictee status, ghettoization, uniform occupation, shared poverty, social stigmatization, and endogamy. These in turn produced distinctive lifeways and distinctive Gaelic speech. The strong face‐to‐face character of the Gaelic‐speaking fishing communities emerged from small population size, common occupation, egalitarianism, high density of interaction, multiplex social roles, and well‐maintained multiple kinship ties.
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