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Artifacts in Behavioral ResearchRobert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books$
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Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195385540

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.001.0001

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Situational Factors

Situational Factors

Chapter:
(p.365) 6 Situational Factors
Source:
Artifacts in Behavioral Research
Author(s):

Robert Rosenthal

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0014

More than an experimenter's score on a test of anxiety, his status and warmth are defined and determined in part by the nature of the experimental situation and the particular subject being contacted. This chapter considers experimenter “attributes” that are still more situationally determined. That is, the degree of warmth an experimenter shows one subject may be correlated with the degree of warmth he shows other subjects. But whether he “accidentally” encounters a subject with whom he has had prior social contact seems less likely to be an enduring attribute and more purely situational. The distinction is, nevertheless, arbitrary. Experimenters who are acquainted with a subject may differ in associated personality characteristics which make them more likely to be acquainted with other subjects as well. The effects of prior acquaintanceship thus may be due not simply to the prior contact as such, but to correlated variables as well.

Keywords:   experimenter attributes, acquaintanceship, experience, test of anxiety, attributes

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