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The Toughest BeatPolitics, Punishment, and the Prison Officers Union in California$
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Joshua Page

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195384055

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384055.001.0001

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The Birth of the “Correctional Officer” and His Union

The Birth of the “Correctional Officer” and His Union

(p.15) Chapter 2 The Birth of the “Correctional Officer” and His Union
The Toughest Beat

Joshua Page (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter sketches the historical evolution of the imprisonment subfield in California and locates prison officers within that social microcosm in the decades following World War II. It then details the transformation of the California Correctional Officers Association (CCOA) from a marginal professional outfit founded in 1957 into the CCPOA in 1982. It demonstrates that the CCPOA’s fiercely independent, ultramasculine, militaristic model of unionization and stances on criminal punishment were shaped by the union leaders’ dispositions (which grew primarily out of their experiences working in prisons) and by the then-subordinate position of prison officers within the imprisonment field.

Keywords:   CCOA, imprisonment field, prison officers, independent, unionization

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