Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Sacred PassionsThe Life and Music of Manuel de Falla$

Carol Hess

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195383584

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383584.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 25 February 2017

(p.309) Appendix 2 Overview of Spanish History, 1874–1981

(p.309) Appendix 2 Overview of Spanish History, 1874–1981

Source:
Sacred Passions
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

(p.310)

1874

Bourbon Restoration; Alfonso XII proclaimed king.

1875

Turno pacífico, or alternation of two main political parties, initiated under Antonio Cánovas de Castillo (Conservative) and Práxedes Sagasta (Liberal).

1876

New constitution proclaims “the Apostolic Roman Catholic religion [to be] that of the State”; other religions are tolerated.

1898

Spanish-American War. Defeated by the United States, Spain loses Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.

1899

Alfonso XIII ascends to the throne.

1909

“Tragic Week” in Barcelona; strikes and anticlerical riots paralyze city.

1914

Thousands of Spaniards living abroad return to neutral Spain upon the outbreak of World War I (August).

1917

Military uprisings, new government formed under Eduardo Dato (June), workers’ strikes (August).

1923

Coup d’état of Gen. Miguel Primo de Rivera.

1930

Resignation of Primo de Rivera, Berenguer government established.

1931

Monarchy collapses, Alfonso XIII leaves Spain, founding of the Second Republic (April).

Convents burned in Madrid (May).

Manuel Azaña declares before the Cortes (Parliament) that “Spain has ceased to be a Catholic country” (October).

Founding of fascist party, Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista (JONS) (October).

1933

José Antonio Primo de Rivera founds Falange Española (October).

Conservative coalition is voted in (November).

1934

Merger of JONS and Falange Española (February).

Uprising, general strike in Asturias, put down by army (October).

1936

Presidency of Manuel Azaña (February).

Spanish Civil War breaks out (July).

Hitler and Mussolini decide to aid the rebel uprising (July).

International Brigades arrive in Spain on behalf of the Republic (starting in August).

Lorca executed by Nationalists (August).

Soviet Union confirms support for the Republic (October).

Republican government moves from Madrid to Valencia (November).

1938

Instituto de España established by the Burgos government (January).

1939

Civil War ends (April); dictatorship of Francisco Franco begins.

World War II begins; Spain declares neutrality, later nonbelligerency.

1940

Franco and Hitler meet at Hendaye.

1975

Death of Francisco Franco; dictatorship ends.

1977

Democratic elections held in Spain for the first time since 1936.

1981

Failed military coup of Colonel Antonio Tejero.