Positioning “World Music” in Education
A Conceptual History
This chapter presents a conceptual survey of approaches to cultural diversity for music educators, examining the myriad terms used to refer to cultural diversity and world music. The meaning of these terms is explored, and their interpretations are linked to current discourses in ethnomusicology and music education, using the writings of Swanwick, Reimer and Elliott as springboard. The chapter specifically explores the history of the term world music and its many predecessors (including ethnic music, folk music, migrant music, international music, and world beat), as well as four different approaches to cultural diversity (monocultural, multicultural, intercultural, and transcultural), analysing how each of these influences approaches and preconceptions.
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