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Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application$
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Abdulaziz Sachedina

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195378504

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.001.0001

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In Search of Principles of Healthcare Ethics in Islam

In Search of Principles of Healthcare Ethics in Islam

(p.25) 2 In Search of Principles of Healthcare Ethics in Islam
Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Abdulaziz Sachedina (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the role culture plays in providing the moral presuppositions and the way ethics builds upon the formal normative framework, for the moral choices that Muslims make in the context of bioethics. The chapter examines the nature of Islamic ethical discourse in order to demonstrate that ethical judgments in Islam are an amalgam of the empirical—the relative cultural elements derived from the particular experience of Muslims living in a specific place and time—and the a priori—the timeless universal norms derived from scriptural sources. The chapter discusses fundamentals of Islamic ethics and distinguishes it from Islamic juridical tradition both through differentiations as well as correlation. It also argues for distinctly Islamic principles and rules for biomedical deliberations and decision-making which are organically related to Islamic legal theory developed by Muslim jurists. The research is inclusive of the four Sunni and Shi‘ite schools of jurisprudence.

Keywords:   cultural relativism, normative sources, legal methodology, bioethical principles, Mu‘tazilite, Ash‘arite, divine command ethics, deontological-teleological ethics, public good, necessity, no harm

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