The major objective of this chapter is to introduce the Islamic ethical discourse in the context of newly emerging field of bioethics in the Muslim world. What is critically needed in the Muslim context is to demonstrate to the religious scholars that Islamic ethics shares a common moral terrain with the secular bioethics that can provide an opportunity to dialogue with the international organizations like WHO or UNESCO to protect human dignity and to advance human physical and psychological health. Until recently, there has not been any serious attempt at defining the epistemic parameters of bioethics as it relates to Muslim culture. Commonly bioethical issues have been raised in the Muslim world without much interest in native cultural sensibilities about human wellness and illness. Universalization of medical education has led to an erroneous assumption among healthcare professionals and institutions in Muslim societies that the solutions offered to moral dilemmas in the Western secular setting applies across other cultures. However, the growing interest in specifically Islamic solutions among largely religiously sensitive population has required healthcare institutions and professionals to take people‘s moral and religious sensibilities more seriously to provide culturally sensitive solutions in medical practice and research.
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