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Then A Miracle OccursFocusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research$
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Christopher R. Agnew, Donal E. Carlston, William G. Graziano, and Janice R. Kelly

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195377798

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.001.0001

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Psychology as the Science of Self-Reports and Finger Movements: Whatever Happened to Actual Behavior? *

Psychology as the Science of Self-Reports and Finger Movements: Whatever Happened to Actual Behavior? *

Chapter:
(p.12) 2 Psychology as the Science of Self-Reports and Finger Movements: Whatever Happened to Actual Behavior?*
Source:
Then A Miracle Occurs
Author(s):

Roy F. Baumeister

Kathleen D. Vohs

David C. Funder

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0002

Psychology calls itself the science of behavior, and the American Psychological Association’s current “Decade of Behavior” was intended to increase awareness and appreciation of this aspect of the science. Yet some psychological subdisciplines have never directly studied behavior, and behavior is dwindling rapidly in other subdisciplines. We discuss the eclipse of behavior in personality and social psychology, in which direct observation of behavior has been increasingly supplanted by introspective self-reports, hypothetical scenarios, and questionnaire ratings. We advocate a renewed commitment to including direct observation of behavior whenever possible, and in at least a healthy minority of research projects.

Keywords:   behavior, American Psychological Association, personality, social psychology, questionnaires

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