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Then A Miracle OccursFocusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research$
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Christopher R. Agnew, Donal E. Carlston, William G. Graziano, and Janice R. Kelly

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195377798

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.001.0001

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The Atlas of Interpersonal Situations: A Theory-Driven Approach to Behavioral Signatures

The Atlas of Interpersonal Situations: A Theory-Driven Approach to Behavioral Signatures

Chapter:
(p.321) 17 The Atlas of Interpersonal Situations: A Theory-Driven Approach to Behavioral Signatures
Source:
Then A Miracle Occurs
Author(s):

John G. Holmes

Justin V. Cavallo

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0017

Building on the cognitive-affective personality system (CAPS) framework offered by Mischel and Shoda (1995), the authors emphasize the importance of considering abstract properties of situations to improve behavioral prediction. The CAPS model incorporates a person-by-situation interactionist perspective, holding that specific features of situations activate specific cognitive and effective elements in individuals that then produce responses to situations. The authors argue that the notion of “situation” in the CAPS model is not at an appropriately abstract level to allow for a priori prediction of what specific cognitive-affective elements would be activated. To help overcome this limitation, they review recent developments by interdependence theorists to produce a comprehensive theory of situations. The authors describe six key dimensions of situations and review recent work on the risk regulation model, a model that describes the delicate balancing act of being dependent on a partner and the need to maintain positive feelings about the self.

Keywords:   behavior, close relationships, cognitive-affective personality system, interdependence theory, interpersonal situations, personality, risk regulation model, social psychology

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