This chapter contains the analysis of English swiping and dialect Dutch spading and shows how the basic properties of these constructions follow from that analysis. Swiping is argued to involve preposition stranding in the lower specCP, while spading involves focus movement of the demonstrative to that position. The fact that both constructions only occur in sluicing is analyzed as a repair effect induced by ellipsis, while the fact that complex wh-phrases are excluded is the result of sluicing with complex wh-phrases deleting not IP but a low CP.
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