The Gates of Trad
This chapter focuses on mainport reforms during the era of liberalization. Mounting anxiety about the capacity of mainports to meet the requirements of a globalized economy resulted in organizational reforms that produced “an unprecedented transformation on a global scale.” In many countries, ports and airports used to be organized as conventional government bureaucracies, often integrated into a single national ministry or department. These old monoliths were now broken up and replaced by a larger set of organizations, each usually responsible for the management of a single port or airport. Decentralization was accompanied by autonomization—that is, the creation of legal barriers to protect mainports from political and bureaucratic interference.
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