Ratification and Reservations
The Effects of Reciprocity *
This chapter examines the second important step in the process of treaty formation: treaty ratification. It develops a simple game-theoretic model of treaty ratification to understand the efficacy and the limits of Articles 19-21 of the Vienna Convention in promoting cooperation through international treaty agreements. It analyzes the rules governing treaty ratification and reservations under the 1969 Vienna Convention. It formalizes the intuition put forth in the previous literature, according to which the matching-reservations mechanism introduced by Article 21 provides an effective solution to such a prisoner's dilemma.
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