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Designing Positive PsychologyTaking Stock and Moving Forward$
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Kennon M. Sheldon, Todd B. Kashdan, and Michael F. Steger

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195373585

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.001.0001

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The Role of Hypo-egoic Self-Processes in Optimal Functioning and Subjective Well-Being

The Role of Hypo-egoic Self-Processes in Optimal Functioning and Subjective Well-Being

Chapter:
(p.135) 9 The Role of Hypo-egoic Self-Processes in Optimal Functioning and Subjective Well-Being
Source:
Designing Positive Psychology
Author(s):

Mark R. Leary

Jennifer Guadagno

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0009

Many phenomena of interest to positive psychology share a common feature that involves a particular pattern of self-relevant cognitive activity. This hypo-egoic state is responsible both for the sense of well-being that tends to accompany many positive psychological experiences (such as flow, meditation, and transcendence) and for prosocial beliefs and actions in which people behave in ways that benefit other people, sometimes at cost to themselves. The chapter describes the hypo-egoic state and then discusses the role of self-process in five phenomena: humility, positive emotions, other-oriented states (such as compassion, altruism, and love), wisdom, and transcendence.

Keywords:   positive psychology, self-relevant cognitive activity, hypo-egoic state, well-being, prosocial beliefs, self-process

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