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The Three BlessingsBoundaries, Censorship, and Identity in Jewish Liturgy$

Yoel Kahn

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195373295

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373295.001.0001

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(p.189) Bibliography

(p.189) Bibliography

Source:
The Three Blessings
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Manuscripts

Table B1. Genizah Prayer Books and Prayer Fragments

Library and Shelf No.

IMHM Film No.*

Cambridge University Library, Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit

T-S 10 H 2.6

18931

T-S 6 H 2.10

18931

T-S 6 H 6.6

18935

T-S 8 H 10.13

18938

T-S 8 H 9.15

19719

T-S 8 H 9.7

19719

T-S H 18.7

18946

T-S NS 110.166

20804

T-S NS 110.42

20804

T-S NS 121.5

27066

T-S NS 121.7

27066

T-S NS 122.103

27067

T-S NS 152.7

30732

T-S NS 155.60

30712

T-S NS 155.99

30712

T-S NS 160.26

31229

T-S NS 160.27

31229

T-S NS 229.2

32486

T-S NS 229.6

32486

T-S NS 230.11

32487

T-S NS 240.4

32497

T-S NS 271.21

32722

British Library

Or. 5557 O

6518

National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg

Antonin B-0933

68936

Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Halper 172

Cambridge University Library

Add 3160:1

17559

(p.190) (p.191)

Table B2. Prayer Book Manuscripts

Library and Manuscript No.

IMHM Film No.*

British Library

Add 8996

Add 18691

5056

Add 19944

5013

Add 18692

5058

Add 27029

5707

Add 27072

5753

Cambridge University Library

Add 667:1

16997

Add 3160:1

17559

Hebrew Union College–Jewish Institute of Religion, Klau Library, Cincinnati

HUC 331

18304

HUC 440

18976

HUC 441

18977

HUC 442

18978

Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem

JNUL 8°986

B 46

JNUL 8°5492

B 75

Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York

JTSA 4076

24978

JTSA 4522

25424

JTSA 4649

25552

JTSA 4653

25556

JTSA 8255

53131

JTSA 8257

54133

JTSA 8402 Mahzor Turin

JTSA 8892 Rothschild Mahzor

JTSA 8255

53131

Valmadonna Library Trust, London

Valmadonna 1

8860

Valmadonna 10

2392

Bibioteca Estensa Universitaria, Modena, Italy

Modena-Estense γ.F.7.14

27770

Montefiore Trust Library, London

Montefiore 214

5184

Montefiore 217

5187

Oxford University, Bodleian Library

Heb. f.22

21329

Heb. g.2

21307

Oppenheimer Add 11

22643/4

Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris

Paris heb. 214

05184

Paris heb. 616

11472

Paris heb. 633

31299

Paris heb. 642

11538

Biblioteca Palatina, Parma, Italy

Parma 1744

12971

Parma 1759

12985

Parma 1765

12991

Parma 1776

13002

Parma 1781

14137

Parma 1783

13007

Parma 1785

13009

Parma 1789

13013

Parma 1799

12992

Parma 1909

13066

Parma 1916

13072

Parma 2575

13583

Parma 2891

13784

Parma 3009/1

13738

Parma 3136

13878

Parma 3518

14025

Sassoon Library, London

Ohel David 294

(*) Microfilm number at the Institute for Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, Hebrew National and University Library, Jerusalem.

() These manuscripts remain identified by these shelf numbers despite having been sold to private collectors.

(p.192) Printed Prayer Books

This list only includes prayer books cited in the text, or those that informed the conclusions drawn.

Aaron ben Jehiel Michael ha-Levi. Mahzor Yerushelayim meirat einayim im ha-perush Mateh Levi. Brooklyn: Bet Mishar Sefarim Yerushalayim, 1950.

Adler, Samuel, and Leo Merzbacher. Seder tefilah = The Order of Prayer for Divine Service. New York: Thalmessinger & Cahn, 1863.

Albashiri, Yechiya. Sefer ha-tiklal. Edited by Shalom Korach. Jerusalem: Joseph Chabera, 1962.

Amar, Chayyim David. Tefilah le-David. Jerusalem: Ahavat Shalom, 1981.

Anspach, Joel, ed. Rituel des prières journalières a l’usage des Israelites. Metz: W. Hadamard, 1827.

Aub, Joseph. Seder tefilot kol ha-shanah = Gebetbuch fur den offentlichen Gottesdienst im ganzen Jahre, nach dem Ritus der neuerbauten grossen Synagoge in Berlin. Berlin: G. Bernstein, 1866.

Avodat Berith Shalom = Service of the Berith Shalom Congregation. Louisville: 1898.

Baer, Isaac, ed. Seder Avodat Yisrael. Roedelheim: Lehrberger, 1868 [repr. Schocken: Berlin, 1936].

Bernfeld, Issac Tzvi. Siddur tefilah Hatam Sofer. New York: Grossman, 1968.

Bloch, Joseph, ed. Sha’are Tefilah. Paris: Fondation Sefer, 1964.

Bokser, Ben-Zion. ha-Sidur: le-hol, le-Shabat u’le-yom tov. New York: Hebrew Publishing Company, 1961.

Cohen, Gerson D., Menahem Schmelzer, and Evelyn M. Cohen, eds. The Rothschild Mahzor: Florence, 1492. New York: The Library, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1983.

Congregation Sha’ar Zahav. Kabbalat Shabbat. San Francisco: [n.d., 1978?], rev. 1995.

Cordovero, Moses. Siddur tefilah ke-minhag Sefarad: ‘im perush tefilah le-Mosheh. Jerusalem: 1963.

(p.193) Davidson, Israel, et al., eds. Siddur Rav Saedyah. Jerusalem: Mekitze Nirdamim, 1978.

Durlacher, E., ed. Seder ha-tefilot. Paris: Chez láuteur, 1876.

Eliezer ben Nathan. Siddur ke-minhag Polin, Lita ve-Riisin ve-Mahrin im peirush R’aven. Ostrog: 1817.

Elijah ben Solomon. Sidur ha-Gaon Rav Eliyahu. Edited by Naphtali Hertz Halevi. New York: Kol Torah, 1953.

Emden, Jacob, ed. Siddur beit Yaakov. Lemberg: 1903.

Emden, Jacob, ed. Siddur … le-Maharyavets. Edited by Meir ben Zeev Segal. Tel Aviv: 1965.

Epstein, Jacob N. Seder Rav Amram siduro u-mesadrav. Berlin: Eshkol, 1928.

Epstein, Jehiel Michal ben Abraham, ed. Seder tefilah derekh yesharah. Amsterdam, 1768.

Epstein, Jehiel Michal ben Abraham, ed. Seder tefilah ke-minhag Ashkenazim …. Karlsruhe: 1805.

Finkelstein, Simon Isaac, ed. Seder tefilah: im beur Siah Yitshak u-maamarim shonim ba-halakhah va-agadah. Jerusalem, 1968.

Freudenthal, Max, ed. Seder Tefilah = Israelitisches Gebutbuch fur die neue Synagogue in Danzig. Danzig: der Synagogen-Gemeinde zu Danzig, 1905.

Friedmann, Bernhard. Seder ha-avodah = Israelitisches Gebetbuch für die öffentliche und häusliche Andacht. Mannheim: J. Vensheimer, 1868.

Frishman, Elyse D., ed. Mishkan t’filah: A Reform Siddur: Weekdays, Shabbat, Festivals, and Other Occasions of Public Worship. New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis, 2007.

Frumkin, Aryeh Leib, ed. Seder Rav Amram ha-shalem. Jerusalem: Tzukerman, 1912.

Fulop, Krausz, ed. Siddur al kanfe nefesh. Budapest: Roth Lajos Erzseber, 1934.

Geiger, Abraham. Israelitisches gebet- und andachtsbuch, zum gebrauche bei der häuslichen und Affentlichen Gottesverehung. Stuttgart: R. Hofbuchdruckerei zu Guttenberg (J. v. Muller), 1848.

Geiger, Abraham. Seder tefilah devar yom be-yomo = Israelitisches Gebetbuch fur den offentlichen Gotttesdiesnt im ganzen Jahre. Breslau: Julius Hainauer, 1854.

Geiger, Abraham. Seder tefilah devar-yom be-yomo = Israelitisches Gebetbuch für den öffentlichen Gottesdienst im ganzen Jahre. Berlin: L. Gerschel Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1870.

Goldschmidt, Ernst Daniel, ed. Mahzor le-yamim ha-noraim. Jerusalem: Koren, 1970.

Goldschmidt, Ernst Daniel, ed. Seder Rav Amram. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1971.

Goldstein, M. A., ed. Ha-tefilah ve-ha-emuna = Gebet und Glaube. Ein beitrag zur Erklarung und Erlauterung des Gottesdienstes und dessen Gebrauche. Budapest: E. Neumayer, 1890.

Harlow, Jules. Siddur Sim shalom: A Prayerbook for Shabbat, Festivals, and Weekdays. New York: Rabbinical Assembly, United Synagogue of America, 1985.

Hedegard, David, ed. Seder Rav Amram Gaon. Lund, 1982.

Heidenheim, Wolf, ed. Mahzor le-yom rishon ve-shani shel pesach. Roedelheim: W. Heidenheim, 1827.

Heidenheim, Wolf, ed. Sefer kerovot hu mahzor. Vienna: Anton E. Schmid, 1827.

Heidenheim, Wolf and Isaac Berlin, eds. Sefer kerovot hu mahzor: le-yom rishon shel Rosh ha-Shanah, ke-minhag Polin. Hannover: 1838.

Hertz, Joseph, ed. Authorized Daily Prayer Book. New York: Bloch, 1948.

(p.194) Herzfeld, Levi. Tefillat Jisrael: Das Jisraelitische Gebetbuch nach dem Braunschweiger Ritus. Brunswick: J.H. Meyer, 1874.

Hirsch, Samson Raphael, ed. The Hirsch Siddur. Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1969.

Huebsch, A. Seder tefila = Gebete for den offentlichen Gottesdienst der Tempelgemeinde Ahawath Chesed. New York: 1872.

Israel, Ben. Gebet- und Gesangbuch für die Sabbathe und Feste des Jahres. Coblenz: Coblenz Israelitische Gemeinde, 1850.

Israel, Ben and H. Mayer. Seder tefilah = Gebetbuch für Synagoge und Haus: namentlich in Gemeinden, welche bezüglich des Gottesdienstes Beschlüsse der Rabbiner = Versammlungen in Ausführung gebracht haben. Brilon: M. Friedlander, 1872.

Janowitz, Naomi, and Margaret Moers Wenig. Siddur nashim: A Sabbath Prayer Book for Women; Translated and Supplemented with Original and Traditional Material. Providence: [self-published], 1976.

Joe1, Manuel. Seder tefilah = Israelitisches Gebutbuch fur die offentliche Andacht des ganzen Jahres. Berlin: L. Herschel, 1872.

Kaempf, Saul Isaac, ed. Sihat Yitshak: Israel Gebetbuch. Prague: Samuel Polcheles, 1874.

Kaempf, Saul Isaac, ed. Zimrat Yah = Gottesdienstliches Gesangbuch eingefuhrt im israelitischen Temple zu Prag. Prague, 1849.

Kokotek, Jakob J. Prayerbook for Jewish Worship throughout the Year. London: New Liberal Jewish Congregation, 1962.

Kook, Abraham Isaac. Seder tefilah im perush olat reiyah. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1985.

Landau, Abraham ben Raphael, “Shomea tefila.” In: Sidur tefilah tselota de-Avraham: ‘al pi nusah ve-seder she-hitpalel … Avraham Landa. Jerusalem: Gal-’ed, 1991.

Landshuth, Eliezer. Siddur hegyon lev. Koenigsburg: A. Samter, 1845.

Lavie, Aliza. Tefilat nashim: pesifas nashi shel tefilot ve-sipurim. Tel Aviv: Yedi’ot aharonot: Sifre hemed, 2005.

Lazar, Moshe, ed. Libro de Oracyones: Ferrara Ladino Siddur [1552]. The Sephardic classical library, 11. Lancaster, Calif.: Labyrinthos, 1995.

Lazar, Moshe, ed. Siddur tefillot: A Woman’s Ladino Prayer Book; Paris B.N., Esp. 66. The Sephardic classical library, 10. Lancaster, Calif.: Labyrinthos, 1995.

Levat, Aaron David, ed. Siddur Torah or ve-shaar ha-kolel. Vilna: ha-Almanah ve-ha-Achim Rom, 1910.

Liebkind, Henryk. Modlitwy dla Izraelitów = Tefilot Yisra’el; na dni zwyczajne i uroczyste. Warsaw: Nakładem Jakóba Rothwand, 1846.

Luzzatto, Samuel David. Seder tefilah ke-fi minhag … Ashkenazim = formulario delle orazioni degli’ Israeliti. Vienna: A. Strauss, 1821.

Magonet, Jonathan, and Lionel Blue, eds. Forms of Prayer. London: Union of Liberal and Progressive Synagogues, 1975.

Mahazor: ke-minhag Ashkenazim shebe-khol gelilot Itale’ah. Vienna: Anton Schmid, 1823.

Mahazor mi-kol ha-shanah k’minhag Polin w’Lita w’Reisin. Ostruha (Ostrog), Poland: Klahr, 1832.

(p.195) Mahzor … im sheloshah be’urim … Bet Levi, Mateh Levi, Ma’aśeh oreg…. ve-shem ha-kolel meha-be’urim Korban Aharon …. Vilna: Menahem b. R. Barukh v’Simhah Zimel, 1839.

Mahzor ke-Minhag K’K Ashkenazim. Fuerth: 1779 [repr. Sulzbach, 1809].

Mahzor ke-minhag Polin, Raisin, Liṭa, Pihem, Mehrin ṿe-Ungarin: husdar me-ḥadash be-seder na’eh ve-yafeh. Vienna: Anton von Shmid, 1835.

Mahzor le-rosh ha-shanah ṿe-yom ha-kipurim: ke-minhag Raisin, Liṭa, Polin, Fihem, u-Mahren; im perush leshon ha-ḳodesh ṿe-im perush leshon Ashkenaz ha-mo-ataḳ le-lashon meduberet …. Zhitomer: H. Lipa veha-Rabani Y.H. Shapira, 1862.

Maier, Joseph von. Israelitische Gebetordnung: für Synagoge und Schule, wie zur häuslichen Gottesverehrung. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler, 1861.

Maier, Joseph von. Seder tefilah = unter Zugrundelegung des Kirchenrat Dr. Maier’schen Gebetbuches zum Gebrauche des israelitischen Gemainde in München herausgegeben. Munich: Israelitischen Kultusgemeinde in München, 1891.

Marks, David. W. Seder ha-tefilot: Forms of Prayer Used in the West London Synagogue of British Jews: With an English Translation. London: J. Wertheimer, 1841.

Mayer, David. Gebetbuch: Für Werktage, Sabbathe, Befreiungsfest, Offenbarungsfest und Laubhüttenfest. Karlsruhe: Verlag des Grossh, Oberrats der Israeliten, 1905.

Meklenburg, Jacob Tzvi. Siddur derekh ha-hayim. Tel Aviv: Sinai, 1954.

Melamed, Meir Matzliah, ed. Siddur ha-Merkaz: le-fi minhag ha-Sefaradim va-adot ha-Mizrach. Jerusalem: ha-Merkaz ha-hinukhi ha-Sefaradi bi-Yerushalayim, 1983.

Netter, Solomon Z., ed. Seder tefilat he-hadash ke-minhag K’K Sefaradim. Vienna: Solomon Netter, 1863.

Otsar ha-tefilot. Vilna: Ha-almanah veha-achim Rom, 1914.

Perles, Joseph [Perets ben Barukh Asher Perles], ed. Israelitische Gebetordnung= Seder tefilah: unter Zugrundelegung des Kirchenrath Dr. Maierschen Gebetbuches zum Gebrauche der Israelitischen Gemeinde in München herausgegeben. Stuttgart: Adolf Benz, 1876; Munich: 1891.

Phillipson, Ludwig. Neues Israelitisches Gebetbuch für die Wochentage, Sabbathe und alle Feste: Zum Gebrauch während des Gottesdienstes und bei der häuslichen Andacht. Berlin: Gerschel, 1864.

Riera i Sans, Jaume, ed. El Siddur en català a dels conversos jueus: (s. XV). Barcelona: Reial Academia Catalana de Belles Arts de Sant Jordi, 1993.

Sachs, Michael. Gebetbuch fur Israeliten = Tefilat Yeshurun. Berlin: Louis Gerschel, 1860 [repr. 1864].

Salih, Yahya ben Joseph, ed. Tiklal ets hayim ha-shalem. Jerusalem: H. Sh. Mehabuv, 1972.

Salih, Yahya ben Joseph, ed. Tiklal torat avot. Benai Brak: Torat Avot, 1991.

Seder Tefilat Yisrael im derekh haim. Altona: Yehudah v’Shmuel Bon, 1831.

Seder tov lehodot. Amsterdam: Verbond van Liberaal Religieuze Joden in Nederland, 1964.

Seligman, Caesar, Ismar Elbogen, and Hermann Vogelstein, eds. Tefilot le-khol ha-shanah = Gebetbuch fur das ganze Jahr. Frankfurt am Main: M. Lehrberger, 1929.

(p.196) Scherman, Nosson, and Meir Zlotowitz. Sidur Ḳol Ya’aḳov = the Complete Artscroll Siddur. ArtScroll mesorah series. Brooklyn, N.Y: Mesorah Publications, 1990.

Silverman, Morris, ed. Sabbath and Festival Services. Hartford: Fox Press, 1936.

Silverman, Morris, ed. Sabbath and Festival Prayer Book. New York: Rabbinical Assembly of America, 1946.

Simhah ben Samuel. Mahzor Vitri. Edited by Simeon Hurwitz. Nuremburg: Bulka, 1923.

Sofer, Shabbtai. Siddur … Maha’r Shabtai Sofer. Edited by David Sats and Isaac Yitzchaki. Baltimore: Yeshivat Ner Yisrael, 1994.

Solomon ben Samson of Worms. Siddur Rabenu Shelomoh. Edited by Moshe Herschler. Jerusalem: 1971.

Stein, Leopold. Gebetbuch für israelitische Gemeinden. Mannheim: I. Schneider, 1882.

Stein, Leopold. Seder ha-’avodah Gebetbuch für israelitische Gemeinden. Nach dem ritus der hauptsynagogue zu Frankfurt. Frankfurt: Druck von J. Lehrberger & Company, 1860.

Stern, Chaim. Sha’are tefilah = Gates of Prayer: The New Union Prayerbook: Weekdays, Sabbaths, and Festivals, Services and Prayers for Synagogue and Home. New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis, 1975.

Stern, S. G., ed. Machsor Die sammtlichen Festgebete der Israeliten. Vienna: Joseph Schlesinger, 1908.

Szold, Benjamin, and Marcus Jastrow. Israelitish Prayer Book, for All the Public Services of the Year. Philadelphia: M. Jastrow, 1873.

Tal, Shelomo, ed. Nusah ha-tefilah shel Yehude Paras. Jerusalem: Mekhon Ben Tzvi, 1980.

Tarnor, Norman. A Book of Jewish Women’s Prayers: Translations from the Yiddish. Northvale, N.J.: Jason Aronson, 1995.

Tefilat Yisrael = The Form of Daily Prayers, according to the Custom of the German and Polish Jews with a New Translation in Prose and Verse. Frankfurt-on-the-Maine: J. Kaufmann, 1876.

Tefillat Jisrael: Das israelitische Gebetbuch nach dem Braunschweiger Ritus, bearbeitet und übersetzt. Braunschweig: J.H. Meyer, 1855.

Tkharek, Abraham ben Aaron Joseph, ed. Siddur bet Avraham. Brooklyn: J. Gotlieb, 1974.

Venture, Mardoche, ed. Prieres des jours de Ros-Haschana et du jour de De Kippour, a l’usage des Juifs Portugais ou Espagnols. Paris: Levy, 1807.

Vogelstein, Heinemann. Seder tefilah = Israelitisches Gebetbuch. Westfalens: Verbandes der Synagogen-Gemeinden Westfalens, 1894.

Werner, Kossman. Seder tefilah = Israelitisches Gebutbuch fur die neue Synagogue in Danzig Danzig: der Synagogen-Gemeinde zu Danzig, 1887.

Wise, Isaac Mayer, ed. Minhag America. Cincinnati: Bloch, 1870.

Wise, Isaac Mayer, ed. Tefilot Bnai Yeshurun = The Divine Service of American Israelites for the Day of Atonement. Cincinnati: Bloch, 1866.

Wise, Isaac Mayer, ed. The Daily Prayer for American Israelites, as Revised in Conference. Cincinnati: Bloch, 1872 [rev. 1889].

(p.197) Wohl, Asher, ed. Siddur Beit El. Vilna: Spomnick, 1920.

Zeev, Judah Leib. Tefila Zaka. Vienna: A. Schmid, 1815.

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Adler, E. N. “The Persian Jews: Their Books and Their Ritual.” Jewish Quarterly Review, o.s., 10:4 (July 1898), 584–625.

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Gagin, Shalom Moses Hai. Samah nefesh: Otsar male mishpete ve-dine berakhot. Jerusalem: Y. N. Levi, 1902.

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Goitein, S. D. Introduction to A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World As Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1978.

Goldschmidt, Ernst Daniel. “A Prayerbook Manuscript from the Fifteenth Century [Heb.].” Kiryat Sefer 20 (1943): 171.

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Goldschmidt, Ernst Daniel. “On the Romanian Mahzor and Its Customs [Heb.]. Sefunot 8 (1964): 205–236 [repr. in On Jewish Liturgy, 1978].

Goldschmidt, Ernst Daniel. “Restoration of Missing Piyyutim to the Mahzor for the Day of Atonement [Heb.].” Kiryat Sefer 3 (1955): 146–151.

(p.199) Goldschmidt, Ernst Daniel. The Passover Haggadah: Its Sources and History. Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik, 1969.

Gordis, Robert. “‘In His Image’: A New Blessing, An Old Truth.” Conservative Judaism 40 (1987): 81–85.

Groner, Tzvi. “A Blessing which was Forgotten and Restored [Heb.].” Bar Ilan University Yearbook 141 (1977): 94–97.

Halamish, Moshe. “An Early Version of Alenu le-Shabeah.” Sinai 110 (1992): 262–265.

Halamish, Moshe. “The Blessing ‘who Gives Strength to the Weary’ [Heb.].” In: Ha-kabalah ba-tefilah, ba-halakhah uva-minhag. Ramat-Gan: Bar Ilan University Press, 2000, 447–463.

Halamish, Moshe. “Unusual Blessings in the Morning Blessings [Heb.].” Ha-kabalah ba-tefilah, ba-halakhah uva-minhag. Ramat-Gan: Bar Ilan University Press, 2000, 436–46.

Hammer, Reuven. Or Hadash: A Commentary on Sidur Sim Shalom le-hol. New York: Rabbinical Assembly, United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, 2008.

Hanau, Solomon ben Judah, ed. Shaare tefilah. Jessnitz: 1725.

Hasida, Israel Isaac. “Towards an Understanding of the Three Blessings.” Sinai 99 (1986): 95–96.

Heinemann, Joseph. Prayer in the Talmud. New York: de Gruyter, 1977.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. Beyond the Text: A Holistic Approach to Liturgy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. “Blessings and Their Translation in Current Jewish Liturgies.”Worship 60 (1986): 134–161.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. “Censoring In, Censoring Out: A Function of Liturgical Language.” In: Ancient Synagogues: The State of Research, edited by Joseph Guttman. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1981, 19–37.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. “How Ritual Means: Ritual Circumcision in Rabbinic Culture and Today.” Studia Liturgica 23 (1993): 78–97.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. “Jewish Spirituality: the Life of Blessing [Fr.].” Concilium 229 (1990): 33–47.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. “Reconstructing Ritual.” In: The Making of Jewish and Christian Worship, edited by Paul F. Bradshaw and Lawrence A. Hoffman. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991, 34–41.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. “Setting the Boundaries for Prayerbook Criticism: Paradigm and Technique.” Journal of Reform Judaism 32 (1995): 39–60.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A, ed. Sha’are binah = Gates of Understanding: A Companion Volume to Shaarei Tefillah. New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis, 1977.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. The Canonization of the Synagogue Service. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1979.

Hoffman, Lawrence. A. and Nancy Weiner. “The Liturgical State of the World Union for Progressive Judaism.” European Judaism 24 (1991): 10–21.

Jacobson, Issachar. Netiv binah. Tel Aviv: Sinai, 1964.

Jawitz, Wolf. Mekor ha-berakhot. Jerusalem: Kiryah Neemanah, 1965.

Jochnowitz, George. “… Who Made Me a Woman.” Commentary 71 (1981): 63–64.

Kahn, Yoel. “The Liturgy of Gay and Lesbian Jews.” In: Twice Blessed: On Being Lesbian or Gay and Jewish, edited by Andy Rose and Christy Balka. Philadelphia: Beacon, 1989, 182–197.

(p.200) Kahn, Yoel. “Wrestling with God’s Image in the High Holiday Liturgy.” CCAR Journal: The Reform Jewish Quarterly LVI/II (Spring 2009): 26–38.

Kaufmann, David. “The Oldest Three Benedictions [Ger.]” Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums 37 (1893): 14–18.

Langer, Ruth. To Worship God Properly: Tensions between Liturgical Custom and Halakhah in Judaism. Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1998.

Lardner, Gerald V. “‘Hoffman’s Laws’: A Proposal.” In: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the North American Academy of Liturgy. Valparaiso, Ind.: The Academy, 1989, 142–146.

Lazar, Moshe. “La traduction hébraïco-provençale du rituel.” In: Mélanges de langue et de littérature du Moyen Age et de la Renaissance offerts à Jean Frappier. Geneva: Droz, 1970, 575–561.

Leneen, Jacob. “A Mahzor of the School of Rashi in the Cambridge University Library.” Revue Etudes Juives 12 (1966): 127–129.

Luzzatto, Samuel David. Mavo le-mahzor bene Roma. Edited by Daniel Goldschmidt. Tel Aviv: D’vir, 1966.

Mann, Jacob. “Changes in the Divine Service of the Synagogue Due to Religious Persecutions.” Hebrew Union College Annual IV (1927): 241–310.

Mann, Jacob. “Geniza Fragments of the Palestinian Order of Service.” Hebrew Union College Annual II (1925): 269–279.

Marx, Alexander. “Untersuchungen zum Siddur des Gaon R. Amram.” In: Jahrbuch Jűdisch-Literarischen Gesellschaft 5 (1907). Hebrew section, 1–38.

Marx, Dalia Sara. Early Morning Ritual in Jewish Liturgy. PhD diss., Hebrew University, 2005.

Millgram, Abraham. Jewish Worship. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1971.

Mintz-Manor, Ophir. “Why Are You Giving an Opening to the Heretics? Towards a Solution of the Question of Censorship in Piyyutim for Shavuot.” Tarbits 70 (2001): 3–4, 637–644.

Mitchell, H. Murray. “Une Prière Judeo-Persane.” Academy 41 (1892): 616–617.

Munk, Eliezer. The World of Prayer. New York: P. Feldheim, 1963.

Petuchowski, Jakob J. “From Censorship Prevention to Theological Reform: A Study in the Modern Jewish Prayerbook. Hebrew Union College Annual XL/XLI (1960): 299–324.

Petuchowski, Jakob J. Prayerbook Reform in Europe. New York: World Union for Progressive Judaism, 1968.

Petuchowski, Jakob J., ed. The Sabbath Prayer Book of the Hebrew Union College Jerusalem: A Description. Jerusalem: Hebrew Union College, 1964.

Reif, Stefan C. “Liturgical Difficulties and Geniza Manuscripts.” In: Studies in Judaism and Islam Presented to S. D. Goiten, edited by S. D. Goiten, S. D., Shelomo Morag, Issachar Ben-Ami, and Norman A. Stillman. Jerusalem: 1981, 99–122.

Reif, Stefan C. Judaism and Hebrew Prayer: New Perspectives on Jewish Liturgical History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Reif, Stefan C. Shabbethai Sofer and His Prayer-book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

(p.201) Reif, Stefan C. “The Early History of Jewish Worship.” In: The Making of Jewish and Christian Worship. Edited by Paul F. Bradshaw and. Lawrence A. Hoffman. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991, 109–136.

Reif, Stefan C., and Shulamit Reif. The Cambridge Genizah Collections: Their Contents and Significance. Cambridge University Library Genizah series, 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Riegler, Michael, and Judith R. Baskin. “May the Writer Be Strong:’ Medieval Hebrew Manuscripts Copied by and for Women. Nashim: A Journal of Jewish Women’s Studies & Gender Issues 16 (2008): 9–28.

Riskin, S. “The Blessing ‘who Did Not Make Me a Woman’: Is There a Possibility for Change? [Heb.]” In: Li-heyot ishah Yehudiyah: divre ha-kenes ha-benleumi ha-rishon, ishah ve-Yahadutah, edited by Margalit Shilo. Jerusalem: Urim, 1999, 139–149.

Sarason, Richard. “On the Use of Method in the Modern Study of Jewish Liturgy.” In: Approaches to Ancient Judaism, edited by William Scott Green. Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press, 1978, 97–172.

Schechter, Abraham I. Studies in Jewish Liturgy: Based on a Unique Manuscript Entitled Seder Hibbur Berakot. Philadelphia: Dropsie, 1930.

Schechter, Solomon. “A Version of the Kaddish [Heb.].” Tehilah le-David = Gedenkbuch zur Erinnerung an David Kaufmann. Edited by Marcus Brann and Ferdinand Rosenthal. Breslau: F. S. Shottlender, 1900.

Schuck, Salomon, ed. Siddur Rashban: Mekore ha-tefilot mehabrehen u-zemanan. Vienna:J. Schlesinger, 1894.

Signer, Michael A. “The Poetics of Liturgy.” In: The Changing Face of Jewish and Christian Worship in North America, edited by Paul F. Bradshaw and Lawrence A. Hoffman. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991, 184–198.

Stern, Chaim, and A. Stanley Dreyfus. “Notes to Shaarei Tefillah.” In: Sha’arai Binah = Gates of Understanding, edited by Lawrence Hoffman. New York: Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1977, 177–270.

Tabory, Joseph. Reshimat maamarim be inyenai tefilah ve-moadim. Kiryat Sefer. Supplement to vol. 64. Jerusalem: Bet ha-Sefarim ha-Leumi, 1992.

Tabory, Joseph. “The Benedictions of Self-Identity and the Changing Status of Women and of Orthodoxy.” Kenishta 11 (2001): 107–138.

Tal, Shelomo. The Prayerbook and Its Evolution: Answers to Questions Following the Publication of Siddur Rinat Yisrael. Jerusalem: N. Tal, 1984.

Ta-Shma, Israel M. Minhag Ashkenaz ha-kadmon: heker ve-iyun. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1992.

Ta-Shma, Israel M., Halakhah, minhag u-metsiut be-Ashkenaz, 1000–1350. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1996.

Wachs, Sharona R. American Jewish Liturgies: A Bibliography of American Jewish Liturgy from the Establishment of the Press in the Colonies through 1925. Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1997.

Wieder, Naphtali. “Changes in the Forms of Prayer under the Influence of Foreign Languages [Heb.].” Sinai 81 (1977): 40–42.

(p.202) Wieder, Naphtali. Formation of Jewish Liturgy in the East and the West, 2 vols. Jerusalem: Mechon Ben-Tzvi, 1998.

Wieder, Naphtali. Islamic Influences on Jewish Worship [Heb.] Oxford: Sifriyat Mizrah u-Maarav, 1947.

Wieder, Naphtali. “On the Blessings ‘Goy’, ‘Eved’, ‘Ishah’, ‘Behama’ and ‘Bor’ [Heb.].” Sinai 85 (1984): 97–115.

Wieder, Naphtali. “On the Text of the Alenu [Heb.].” Tarbits 44 (1974): 203–204.

Wieder, Naphtali. “One Hundred Blessings = Birchot ha-Shachar [Heb.]” Sinai 44 (1959): 258–260.

Wieder, Naphtali. “Permutations of an Anti-Christian and Anti-Moslem Gematria [Heb.]” Sinai 86 (1975): 1–14.

Wieder, Naphtali. “The Form ‘rabun’ in Hebrew Sources [Heb.].” Leshonenu 27/28: 217–218.

Weiner, Robert. Baer’s Siddur: An Analysis of Baer’s Authoritative Prayer Book Commentary (rabbinic thesis). New York: HUC-JIR, 2000.

Weinfeld, Moshe. “The Morning Prayers in Qumran and in the Conventional Jewish Liturgy.” Revue de Qumran 13 (1988): 481–494.

Wolowelsky, Joel. “‘Who Has Not Made Me a Woman:’ A Quiet Berakha.” Tradition 294 (1995): 61–68.

Yashar, M. “The Blessing ‘who Did Not Make Me a Gentile.’” Sinai 51 (1962): 50–59.

Yehuda bar Yakar. Commentary on the Prayers and Blessings [Heb.]. Edited by Shmuel Yerushalmi. Jerusalem: Meorai Yisrael, 1969.

Zahavy, Tzvee. “A New Approach to Early Jewish Prayer.” In: History of Judaism. The Next Ten Years, edited by M. Bokser Baruch. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1980, 45–60.

Zahavy, Tzvee. Studies in Jewish Prayer. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1990.

Zimmels, J. “The Question of the Additions to the Siddur of Rav Amram Gaon [Heb.]” Sinai 18 (1946): 262–283.

Zivun, Gili. “‘Who Did Not Make Me a Woman’ and ‘who Made According to His Will’: A Proposal for a Different Blessing [Heb.].” In: Women in Halakhic Discourse [Heb.], edited by Hanah Halpern and Micah D. Safrai. Jerusalem: Urim, 1998, 5–25.

Works on Jewish Law and Practice

Aaron ben Jacob ha-Kohen of Lunel. Orhot hayim. Edited by Mosheh ben Elyakim Shlezinger. Israel: 1980.

Abraham ben David. Hasagot ha-Rabad le-mishneh torah. Edited by Betzalel Naor. Jerusalem: B. Naor, 1984.

Abraham ben David. Teshuvot u-fesakim. Edited by Yosef Kafah. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1964.

Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne. Sefer ha-eshkol. Edited by B. H. Auerbach. Tel Aviv: 1964.

Abraham ben Maimonides. “Chapter 24 and A Portion of Chapter 25 from Sefer al-Kefaiyah.” In: Festschrift zu Israel Lewy’s siebzigstem Geburtstag, edited by S. Openstein. Breslau: M. & H. Marcus, 1911, 33–55.

(p.203) Abraham ben Moses. Teshuvot. Edited by S. D. Goiten. Jerusalem: Mikitse Nirdamim, 1937.

Abraham of Lunel. Ha-manhig. Edited by Yitzchak Raphael. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1978.

Abudarham, David ben Joseph. Perush ha-berakhot ve-hatefilot Abudarham ha-shalem. Edited by Shelomo Verthaimer. Jerusalem: Usha, 1958.

Alfasi, Isaac bar Jacob. Hilkhot Rav Alfasi. Edited by Nissan Sachs. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kuk, 1969.

Algazi, Yisrael Yaakov. Sefer Shilmai Tzibur. Jerusalem: Ahavat Shalom, 1987.

Anau, Tsedakiah ben Abraham. Shibbolei ha-leket ha-shalem. New York: Sura, 1966.

Anau, Yehiel ben Yekuthiel ben Benjamin. Tanya rabati. Edited by Gedalie Felder. New York: G. Felder, 1975.

Arama, Isaac ben Moses. Akedat Yitshak. Lemberg: A. Y. Madpis, 1868.

Asher ben Jehiel. Tosfot ha-Rosh le-Berakhot. Melbourne: S. Edvin, 1990.

Asher of Lunel. “Sefer ha-minhagot.” Sifran shel Rishonim. Edited by Assaf Simcha. Jerusalem, 1935, 121–74.

Azulai, Chayim Yosef. Kesher gudal. Jerusalem: Ma’ayn Chochma, 1956.

Bedarshi, Manoach ben Simeon. Sefer ha-menuhah. Edited by Eleazar Horvitz. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1970.

Brody, Robert, ed. Teshuvot Rav Natronai bar Hilai Ga’on. Jerusalem: Mekhon Ofek, 1994.

Danzig, Abraham ben Jehiel Michal, and Aaron Joseph Bloch. Haye Adam. New York, 1967.

David ben Judah. The Book of Mirrors = Sefer mar’ot ha-zove’ot. Edited by Daniel Matt. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1982.

Duran, Simeon ben Zemach. Ha-tashbets. Amsterdam: Meir Kreskas, 1738.

Eleazar ben Judah of Worms. Ha-rokeah ha-gadol. Jerusalem: Otsar ha-poskim, 1966.

Eliezer ben Joel ha Levi of Bonn. Sefer Rabiya. Edited by Avigdor Aptowitzer. Brooklyn: Makhon Hari Fishel li-derishat ha-Talmud, 1982.

Ellinson, Getsel. ha-Ishah veha-mitsvot. Jerusalem: Sifriyat Eliner, 1977.

Epstein, Isidore, ed. The Babylonian Talmud. London: Soncino Press, 1935.

Felder, Gedalie. Yesode Yeshurun. Toronto: LaSalle Press, 1954.

Felder, Gedalie. “Pri Yeshurun.” In: Jehiel ben Jekuthiel ben Benjamin Anau, Tanya Rabati. New York: G. Felder, 1975.

Friedman, Israel Hayyim. Likute Maharih. Brooklyn: Bet Mishar Ve-hotsaat Sefarim Yerushalayim, 1964.

Halberstam, S. J. (Solomon Joachim), ed. “Pirkei rabeinu ha-kodesh.” In: Ha-likutim III. Edited by Eliezer Grunhut. Jerusalem: 1898, 33–93.

Hayyim Ben Moses Ibn Attar. Or ha-hayim. Judaic Classics Deluxe Edition. CD-ROM. Chicago: Davka, 2005.

Henkin, Yehudah Hertsel. Bene banim. Jerusalem: Hamehaber, 2004.

Hildesheimer, J., ed. Halachoth gedoloth nach dem Texte der Handschrift der Vaticana. Berlin: Mekitse Nirdamim, 1888.

Horowitz, Chaim Meir, ed. Pirkei de-Rabi Eliezar. Jerusalem: Makor, 1972.

(p.204) Horowitz, Isaiah. Shnei Luchot ha-Berit. Judaic Classics Deluxe Edition CD-ROM. Chicago: Davka, 2005.

Ibn Gabbai, Meir ben Ezekiel ibn Constantine. Tolaat Yaakov. Lvov: 1799.

Ibn Shuab, Joshua. Derashot al ha-torah. Cracow: 1573.

Isaac ben Abba Mari. Ha-ittur. Vilna: 1874.

Israel ibn Al-Nakawa. Menorat ha-meor. Edited by H. G. Enelow. New York: Bloch, 1929.

Jacob ben Judah of London. Etz hayyim. Edited by Israel Brodie. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1961.

Jaffe, Mordechai ben Abraham. Levush. Berdichev: 1818.

Joseph ben Moses. Leket yosher. Edited by Jacob Freimann. Jerusalem: 1963.

Judah ben Barzillai. Sefer ha-itim. Edited by Yaakov Shor. Cracow: Mekitse Nirdamim, 1903.

Judah ben Samuel. Sefer hasidim. Edited by Jacob Freimann. Frankfurt: Veirmann, 1924.

Judah Loew ben Bezalel. Netivot Olam. Judaic Classics Deluxe Edition CD-ROM. Chicago: Davka, 2005.

Kalonymus ben Kalonymus ben Meir. Even bohan. Edited by Abraham Meir Habermann. Tel Aviv: Mahbarot le-sifrut, 1956.

Kayara, Shimon, ed. Halakhot gedolot: According to ms. Venice 308 [Heb.] Jerusalem: Makhon Ohr ha-Mizrach, 1991.

Kimhi, David. Sefer ha-shorashim le-Rabi David ben Yosef Kimhi ha-Sefaradi. Edited by Johann Heinrich Biesenthal and F. Lebrecht. Jerusalem: 1966.

Kluger, Solomon. Sheelot u-teshuvot ha-elef lekha shelomah. Bilgoraj: N. Kronenberg, 1931.

Kook, Abraham Isaac. Orot ha-kodesh. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1963.

Kosman, Joseph. Noheg ka-tson Yosef: dinim, minhagim u-farperaot. Tel Aviv: 1968.

Landau, Jacob ben Judah. Ha-agur ha-shalem. Edited by Moshe Hershler. Jerusalem: Moznayim, 1960.

Lewin, Benjamin. Metivot. Jerusalem: 1934.

Lewin, Benjamin. Otzar ha-geonim. Haifa: 1928.

Lieberman, Saul. Tosefta. Jerusalem: Sifre Vahrman, 1970.

Lieberman, Saul. Tosefta ki-feshuta. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1955.

Machir ben Abba Mari. Yalkut Makhiri. Edited by Judah Spira. Jerusalem: 1964.

Maimonides, Moses. Kovets teshuvot ha-Rambam ve-igrotav. Leipzig: 1859.

Maimonides, Moses. Mishneh Torah. Mechon Mamre, 2010. http://www.mechon-mamre.org/i/0.htm.

Medini, Hayyim Hezekiah. Sadei chemed. Brooklyn: Kehat, 1959.

Meir ben Baruch of Rothenburg. Teshuvot, pesakim u-minhagim. Edited by Isak Farkas Kahana. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1957.

Meiri, Menahem. Hidushei ha-Meiri. Warsaw: 1912.

Meiri, Menahem ben Solomon. Magen Avot. Edited by I. Last. London: Y. Naroditski, 1909.

Meyuchas, Moses Mordechai, ed. Sha’are teshuvah ha-Geonim: teshuvot ha-Geonim. Pittsburgh: Mechon ha-Rambam, 1946.

(p.205) Moses ben Jacob of Coucy. Sefer mitzvot gadol. Jerusalem: Mechon Yerushalayim, 1993.

Nazir, Joseph ben Hayim Moses ha-Levi. Mateh Yosef … she’elot u-teshuvot. Constantinople: Yonah ben Ya’akov, 1717.

Ornstein, Yaakov. Yeshuot Yaakov. Zholkva: M. Z. Meir Hofer, 1827.

Pardo, David Samul, ed. Sifrei. Jerusalem: Mechon Lev Sameach, 1990.

Ratner, Baer. Ahavat Tziyon ve-Yerushalayim. Vilna: Rom, 1901.

Recanati, Menahem. Perush al ha-Torah. Jerusalem: Etya, 1960.

Recanati, Menahem. Sefer ta’amai ha-mitsvot ve-peirush ha-berachot. Basel: 1581.

Seder meah berakhot. Livorno: 1652.

Solomon ben Isaac. Sefer ha-pardes. Edited by Yehudah Ehrenreich. Bene Berak: Yahadut, 1980.

Stern, Joseph Zehariah. Sheelot u-teshuvot zekher Yehosaf. Jerusalem: 1968.

Suslin, Alexander. Ha-agudah. Jerusalem: A. Brizel, 1966.

Tishby, Isaiah. The Wisdom of the Zohar. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Weiss, Isaac. Dor dor ve-dorshav. Berlin: Plat u-Minqus, 1923.

Worms, Aaron. Me’ore or. Metz: L. Hadar, 1818.

Yosef, Ovadia. Yalkut Yosef. Jerusalem: Yeshivat Hazon Ovadyah, 1985.

General Works—Jewish

Abrahams, Israel. By-Paths in Hebrew Bookland. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1920.

Adelman, Howard. “Rabbis and Reality: Public Activities of Jewish Women in Italy during the Renaissance and Catholic Restoration.” Jewish History 51 (1991): 30–32.

Assaf, Simha. Beoholei Ya’akov: Essays on the Cultural Life of the Jews in the Middle Ages. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kuk, 1943.

Azulai, Abraham ben Mordecai. Sefer hesed le-Avraham: hatsaot ve-hakdamot le-sefer ha-Zohar. Jerusalem: 1967.

Baron, Salo W. Social and Religious History of the Jews. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952.

Beinart, Haim. Records of the Trials of the Spanish Inquisition in Ciudad Real. Jerusalem: Israel Nation Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1974.

Benayahu, Meir. Copyright, Authorization and Imprimatour for Hebrew Books Printed in Venice. Jerusalem: Mekhon Ben Zvi, 1971.

Benayahu, Meir. Hebrew Printing at Cremona: Its History and Bibliography. Jerusalem: Mekhon Ben Tzvi, 1971.

Benjamin of Tudela. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela. Edited by M. N. Adler. New York: Feldheim, 1964.

Benveniste, Hayyim. Sha’are keneset ha-gedolah. Jerusalem: Ha-Ktav Institute, 1989.

Berliner, Abraham, “Censorship and Confiscation of Hebrew Books in the Papal States.” In: Ketavim nivharim. Jerusalem, 1891.

Biale, David. “Counter-History and Jewish Polemics Against Christianity: The Sefer toldot yeshu and the Sefer zerubavel.” Jewish Social Studies 61 (1999): 130–145.

(p.206) Bickerman, E. J. The Jews in the Greek Age. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Boyarin, Daniel. A Radical Jew: Paul and the Politics of Identity. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1997.

Boyarin, Daniel. Carnal Israel: Reading Sex in Talmudic Culture. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1993.

Boyarin, Daniel. Dying for God Martyrdom and the Making of Christianity and Judaism. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1999.

Boyarin, Daniel. Galatians and Gender Trouble: Primal Androgny and the First-Century Origins of a Feminist Dilemma. Berkeley: Center for Hermeneutical Studies, 1994.

Brakke, David, and Anders-Christian Jacobsen. Beyond Reception: Mutual Influences Between Antique Religion, Judaism, and Early Christianity. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2006.

Brody, Robert. “Saadya Gaon on the Limits of Liturgical Flexibility.” In: Genizah Research After Ninety Years, edited by Joshua Blau and Joshua Stefan Reif. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, 40–46.

Brody, Robert. The Geonim of Babylonia and the Shaping of Medieval Jewish Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Brooten, Bernadette J. Women Leaders in the Ancient Synagogue: Inscriptional Evidence and Background. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1982.

Burnett, Stephen, and Seth Jerchower. “Hebraica Veritas?” University of Pennsylvania Center for Jewish Studies Library, 2000. http://www.library.upenn.edu/exhibits/cajs/exhibit/toc.html.

Chavel, Chaim D. “Nachmanides’ Opinion about the Souls of Women [letter to the editor (Heb.)].” Sinai 86 (1979): 96.

Chazan, Robert. Barcelona and Beyond: The Disputation of 1263 and Its Aftermath. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1992.

Cohen, Jeremy. Living Letters of the Law: Ideas of the Jew in Medieval Christianity. The S. Mark Taper Foundation Imprint in Jewish Studies. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1999a.

Cohen, Shaye J. D. The Beginnings of Jewishness: Boundaries, Varieties, Uncertainties. Hellenistic Culture and Society, 31. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1999b.

Collins, John Joseph. Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in Hellenistic Diaspora. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.

Darmesteter, James. Une prière judéo-persane. Paris: Cerf, 1891.

Davidson, Israel. Thesaurus of Mediaeval Hebrew Poetry. New York: Ktav, 1970.

Denifle, Heinrich. “Quellen zur Disputation Pablos Christiani mit Mose Nachmani zu Barcelona 1263.” Historisches Jahrbuch des Gorres-Gesellschaft 8 (1887): 225–244.

Elior, Rachel, ed. Men and Women: Gender, Judaism and Democracy. Jerusalem: Van Leer Institute, 2004.

Feldman, Louis H. Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

(p.207) Fleg, Edmond, and Louise Waterman Wise. Why I Am a Jew. New York: Bloch, 1929.

Funkenstein, Amos. Perceptions of Jewish History. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1993.

Ginzberg, Louis. Geonica. New York: Hermon, 1968.

Ginzberg, Louis. Perushim ve-hidushim ba-Yerushalmi. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1941.

Goitein, S. D. Introduction to A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1978.

Goldenberg, David M. “Scythian–Barbarian: The Permutations of a Classical Topos in Jewish and Christian Texts of Late Antiquity.” Journal of Jewish Studies 49 (Spring 1998): 1, 87–102.

Goldstein, David. “A Lonely Champion of Tolerance: R. Menachem ha-Meiri’s Attitude Towards Non-Jews.” Talk Reason (October 3, 2002). http://www.talkreason.org/articles/meiri.cfm.

Goldstein, Jonathan. “Jewish Acceptance and Rejection of Hellenism.” In: Jewish and Christian Self-definition, vol. 2: Aspects of Judaism in the Graeco-Roman Period, edited by E. P. Sanders, A. I. Baumgarten and Alan Mendelson. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981, 64–87, 318–326.

Goodman, Martin. Jews in a Graeco-Roman World. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.

Grayzel, Solomon. Popes, Jews, and Inquisition: From “Sicut” to “Turbato.” Philadelphia: Dropsie University, 1979.

Grayzel, Solomon. The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century: A Study of Their Relations During the Years 1198–1254: Based on the Papal Letters and the Conciliar Decrees of the Period. New York: Hermon Press, 1966.

Grendler, Paul F. “The Destruction of Hebrew Books in Venice, 1568.” Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research XLV (1978): 103–130.

Hadas, Moses. Hellenistic Culture: Fusion and Diffusion. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.

Halper, B. “Descriptive Catalogue of Genizah Fragments in Philadelphia.” Jewish Quarterly Review 14 (1923): 191.

Harkavy, Alexander. Yiddish–English Dictionary. New York: Hebrew Publishing Company, 1900.

Hauptman, Judith. Rereading the Rabbis: A Woman’s Voice. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997.

Heller, Marvin J. Printing the Talmud: A History of the Individual Treatises Printed from 1700 to 1750. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Hertzberg, Arthur. The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1959.

Herzog, Marvin. The Yiddish Language in Northern Poland: Its Geography and History. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University, 1965.

Hirschfeld, Hartwig. Descriptive Catalogue of the Hebrew MSS. of the Montefiore Library. London: Macmillan, 1904.

(p.208) Hoffman, Lawrence A. Covenant of Blood: Circumcision and Gender in Rabbinic Judaism. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1996.

Idel, Moshe. Kabbalah: New Perspectives. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Isserlin, Israel. Sefer pitchai teshuva. Vilna: 1874.

Jick, Leon. The Americanization of the Synagogue. Hanover, N.H.: Brandeis University Press, 1976.

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Lieberman, Saul. Sheki’in: devarim ahadim ‘al agadot, minhagim u-mekorot sifrutiim shel ha-Yehudim she-nishtak’u be-sifre ha-Karaim veha-notsrim. Jerusalem: Bamberget & Wahrman, 1939.

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Manuel, Joel. Blicke in die Religionsgeschichte. Amsterdam: Philo Press, 1971.

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Neusner, Jacob, ed. The Talmud of the Land of Israel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

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Rabbinovicz, Raphael Nathan, and Abraham Meir Habermann. Ma’amar al hadpasat ha-Talmud. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-Rav Kook, 1965 (repr. 1877).

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General Works

Attridge, Harold W., and Dieter Mueller, trans. The Tripartite Tractate. The Nag Hammadi Library. The Gnostic Society Library: http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/tripart.htm.

Andrews, E. A., et al. A Latin Dictionary Founded on Andrews’ Edition of Freund’s Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980.

Austin, J. L. How to Do Things With Words. Cambridge: Harvard, 1975.

Berger, Peter. The Heretical Imperative. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1980.

Berger, Peter. The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1967.

Berger, Peter and Thomas Luckmann. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1966.

Boyarin, Daniel, and Christopher Ocker, eds. Galatians and Gender Trouble: Primal Androgyny and the First-Century Origins of a Feminist Dilemma. Berkeley, Calif.: Center for Hermeneutical Studies, 1995.

(p.212) Bromiley, Geoffrey William, ed. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans, 1985.

Darmesteter, James. The Zend-Avesta. Paris: Libraire d’Amerique et d’Orient, 1960.

Darmesteter, James, and Lawrence Heyworth Mills. The Zend-Avesta: The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 4. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1880, 23, 31.

Dio Chrysostom. Discourses. New York: Putnam’s, 1932.

Diogenes, Laertius. “Thales.” In: Lives of Eminent Philosophers. Edited by R. D. Hicks. New York: Putnam’s, 1925.

Fragnito, Gigliola. Church, Censorship, and Culture in Early Modern Italy: Cambridge Studies in Italian History and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, 1974.

Grimes, Ronald L. Beginnings in Ritual Studies. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.

Lactantius. The Divine Institutes. Edited by Francis Mary. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1964.

Lactantius. Lvcii Coelii sive Caecilii Lactantii Firmiani opera. Edited by Johann Rudolph Bunemann. Leipzig: Sam, Beniam, Walther, 1739.

Lampe, G. W. H. A Patristic Greek Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon, 1961.

Langer, Susanne K. Feeling and Form. New York: Scribner, 1953.

Litke, Wayne. “Beyond Creation: Galatians 3:28, Genesis and the Hermaphrodite Myth.” Studies in Religion 242 (1995): 173–178.

MacDonald, Dennis. There Is No Male and Female: The Fate of a Dominical Saying in Paul and Gnosticsm. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1987.

Martyn, J. Louis. Galatians: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. Anchor Bible 33a. New York: Doubleday, 1991.

Mayor, John. “Plato and St. Paul.” Classical Review X (1896): 191.

Meeks, Wayne A. “The Image of the Androgyne: Some Uses of a Symbol in Earliest Christianity.” History of Religions 13 (1974): 165–208.

Mehlman, I. “Polemics against Christianity in Christian Printing Presses [Heb].” Areshet 2 (1961): 35–69.

O’Flaherty, Wendy Doniger. Other Peoples’ Myths: The Cave of Echoes. New York: Macmillan, 1988.

Plutarch. “Caius Marius.” In: Plutarch’s Lives. London: Heinemann, 1920, 463–600.

Ricoeur, Paul. “The History of Religions and Phenomenology of Time Consciousness.” In: The History of Religions: Retrospect and Prospect, edited by Joseph M. Kitagawa. New York: Collier Macmillan, 1985, 13–30.

Schopenhauer, Arthur. The World as Will and Idea. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1883.

Schüssler Fiorenza, Elizabeth. In Memory of Her. New York: Crossroad, 1983.

Searle, John R. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. London: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Sherman, Franklin, introduction to Mart:Luther. “On the Jews and Their Lies.” In: Luther’s Works, vol. 47, edited by Franklin Sherman. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, (p.213) 1955, 137–306 Smith, Jonathan Z. Imagining Religion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Sullivan, Lawrence Eugene. Icanachu’s Drum: An Orientation to Meaning in South American Religions. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Trompf, G. W. “On Attitudes Towards Women in Paul and Palinist Literature: I Corinthian 11:3–16 and Its Context.” Catholic Bible Quarterly 42 (1980): 196–215.

Turner, Victor. The Forest of Symbols. Chicago: Aldine, 1967.

Turner, Victor. The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure. Chicago: Aldine, 1966. (p.214)