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AmicoThe Life of Giovanni Battista Viotti$

Warwick Lister

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372403

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372403.001.0001

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(p.401) APPENDIX TEN A Selection of Withdrawals from William Chinnery's Account at Drummonds Bank

(p.401) APPENDIX TEN A Selection of Withdrawals from William Chinnery's Account at Drummonds Bank

Source:
Amico
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

(p.401) APPENDIX TEN

A Selection of Withdrawals from William Chinnery's Account at Drummonds Bank

Appendix Ten A Selection of Withdrawals from William Chinnery's Account

1793*

8 April

Mr Salomon

£ 46.7.6

DR/427/136

22 June

Viotti

293.5.7

DR/427/136

20 July

Viotti

153.15.6

DR/427/136

29 Aug.

Viotti

200.‐.‐

DR/427/136

5 Sept.

Mons[ieur] de Viotti1

10.10.‐

DR/427/136

16 Sept.

M. Duport

50.‐.‐

DR/427/136

20 Sept.

Mr Broadwood

73.10.‐

DR/427/136

1794

15 Mar.

Viotti

35.‐.‐

DR/427/140

30 May

Salomon

35.14.‐

DR/427/140

2 Sept.

Yaniewicz

26.5.‐

DR/427/140

1795

26 Jan.

Salomon

8.8.‐

DR/427/144

2 April

Musical Fund2

3.3.‐

DR/427/144

22 Aug.

M. Duport [?]

100.‐.‐

DR/427/144

1796

20 Feb.

J. P. Salomon

10.10.‐

DR/427/148

26 April

Viotti

100.‐.‐

DR/427/148

20 Sept.

Viotti

20.‐.‐

DR/427/148

7 Nov.

Viotti

30.‐.‐

DR/427/148

22 Nov.

Viotti

30.‐.‐

DR/427/148

23 Dec.

Viotti

64.17.4

DR/427/148

1797

28 Jan.

Viotti

55.‐.‐

DR/427/152

13 April

Viotti

430.‐.‐

DR/427/152

7 May

Smith & Viotti

50.‐.‐

DR/427/152

3 June

John Crosdill

63.2.6

DR/427/152

5 July

Smith & Viotti

250.‐.‐

DR/427/152

1798

3 Aug.

John Crosdill

31.5.‐

DR/427/156

17 Aug.

Ph. Libon

10.10.‐

DR/427/156

13 Dec.

Hammersley & Co. [for Viotti?]3

200.‐.‐

DR/427/156

1799

18 July

G. Schmeissen's bill

25.‐.‐

DR/427/160

15 Nov.

Thomas Moore

165.‐.‐

DR/427/160

22 Nov.

Broadwood and Son

114.4.10

DR/427/160

9 Dec.

Geo. Schmeissen

36.10.‐

DR/427/160

1800

26 Mar.

John Crosdill

7.9.‐

DR/427/164

1801

29 July

John Crosdill

135.‐.‐

DR/427/168

1802

15 May

Thom. Moore

136.10.‐

DR/427/172

1803

24 Jan.

Tho. Moore

68.10.‐

DR/427/177

20 Dec.

J. B. Viotti

65.4.4

DR/427/177

1804

2 Feb.

Mr Bianchi

270.‐.‐

DR/427/183

31 May

John Crosdill

96.5.‐

DR/427/183

15 Nov.

J. B. Viotti

62.10.‐

DR/427/183

1805

19 Jan.

Madame LeBrun

100.‐.‐

DR/427/189

28 Mar.

Mr Onorati

6.16.6

DR/427/189

4 April

Mr Spagnoleti

5.5.‐

DR/427/189

26 Oct.

Tho. Moore

108.2.‐

DR/427/189

11 Dec.

Mr Viotti

62.10.‐

DR/427/189

[11 Dec.]

Ditto

274.4.6

DR/427/189

1806

24 Feb.

Mr Dize [Dizi]

26.5.‐

DR/427/195

13 Mar.

Mrs Bianchi

8.8.‐

DR/427/195

14 April

Mr Viotti

23.6.‐

DR/427/195

17 April

Mr Asioli

8.8.‐

DR/427/195

2 June

Mr Viotti

9.10.‐

DR/427/195

4 June

Mr Onorati

4.4.‐

DR/427/195

4 Oct.

Le Comte de Vaudreuil

37.10.‐

DR/427/195

1807

7 April

M. Asioli

4.4.‐

DR/427/201

15 April

Mr Spagnoletti

3.3.‐

DR/427/201

18 July

Sam. Rogers

14.14.‐

DR/427/201

19 Aug.

Mr Viotti

15.‐.‐

DR/427/201

22 Aug.

Tho. Moore

20.14.‐

DR/427/201

18 Sept.

Mr Casimir [Baecker]

3.5.8

DR/427/201

1808

24 Mar.

Tho. Moore

26.11.‐

DR/427/207

11 April

Mr Dumergue [dentist]

5.5.‐

DR/427/207

29 April

Mrs Bianchi

4.4.‐

DR/427/207

9 May

Chev. La Cainea

4.4.‐

DR/427/207

21 June

J. P. Salomon

4.4.‐

DR/427/207

25 Sept.

Mr Dumergue

5.5.‐

DR/427/207

3 Dec.

Musical Fund

3.3.‐

DR/427/207

1809

13 July

Mr Asioli

4.4.‐

DR/427/213

1810

10 Mar.

S. Erard

600.‐.‐

DR/427/219

18 June

Mr Raimondi

6.6.‐

DR/427/219

16 Sept.

Comte de Vaudreuil

12.10.‐

DR/427/219

17 Sept.

Mr Erard

105.‐.‐

DR/427/219

12 Oct.

S. Erard

600.‐.‐

DR/427/219

26 Oct.

S. Erard

150.‐.‐

DR/427/219

1 Nov.

S. Erard

150.‐.‐

DR/427/219

9 Nov.

S. Erard

150.‐.‐

DR/427/219

1811

19 June

Tho. Moore

63.13.6

DR/427/225

1812

4 Jan.

S. Erard

200.‐.‐

DR/427/231

16 Jan.

S. Erard

300.‐.‐

DR/427/231

10 Feb.

S. Erard

150.‐.‐

DR/427/231

Source: The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Archives, London, Records of Messrs Drummond, GB 1502 DR/427 (customer account ledgers, 1793–1812) (microfilm). The figures represent pounds, shillings, and pence.

(p.402)

(p.403) WBC was not systematic in his financial affairs. The above list is highly selective, but includes all the withdrawals in the period 1793–1812 that seem to be for payments to musicians or music teachers, as well as those to several other persons known to Viotti, who are mentioned in the present book. But WBC surely made many other payments to musicians for performing in the Chinnery concerts, which are not shown in these records. And it cannot be assumed, for example, that because there are no withdrawals for Salomon between 1796 and 1808, he did not play in any Chinnery concerts in the intervening years. WBC could have withdrawn money in his own name (which he often did) and paid musicians from ready cash. Noteworthy omissions from this list are Giuseppina Grassini, Angelica Catalani, Muzio Clementi, and Domenico Dragonetti, who are known to have performed at the Chinnery concerts.

As to what these payments to musicians represent in terms of fees per concert, no definite conclusions can be drawn. William Parke claimed to have been offered only 1 guinea (£1.1.‐) to play at a Chinnery concert. If this was the usual fee paid by the Chinnerys, then the sums of £10.10 (to Johann Salomon and Philippe Libon, though he was Viotti's pupil), £8.8 (to Salomon, Mrs. Bianchi, and Luigi Asioli), £6.6 (to Raimondi, possibly Ignazio Raimondi [ca. 17354–1813], a violinist and composer), £5.5 (to Paolo Spagnoletti), £4.4 (to Salomon, Asioli, Mrs. Bianchi, and the Chevalier La Cainea), and £3.3 (to Spagnoletti) would represent payments for ten, eight, six, five, four, and three concerts, respectively, assuming that all the musicians were paid the same fee. It is more likely, however, that the fee varied according to the performer's reputation. Salomon may have been paid to act as an agent, if only informally, to hire other players.5 It is possible that the Feliks Yaniewicz payment (2 September 1794: £26.5) represents twenty‐five performances at £1.1. Perhaps more likely is seven performances at £3.15, in view of his status as a soloist, but the figure may include money for something else altogether. The payments to John Crosdill, or (p.404) at least a portion thereof, were undoubtedly for WBC's cello lessons, and those to Francesco Bianchi and François Dizi, for Caroline's music theory and harp lessons, respectively. Dizi's payment of £26.5 in 1806 was probably for twenty‐five lessons at 1 guinea, or fifty lessons at a half‐guinea. A certain Onorati (see 1805 and 1806) was the ballet master at the King's Theatre in 1794–96. Perhaps he gave dancing lessons to Caroline and George. The 10 guineas for Libon (1798) may simply be a gift, whereas the withdrawal for Casimir Baecker (1807) appears to have been for a specific need.

The two payments to John Broadwood (1793, 1799) are surely for pianos, the prices indicating that probably both were grand pianos. In 1812 a “piano forte in mahogany case, by Broadwood and Son” and a stool fetched the rather low price of £18 at the Mathew auction (see chapter 7). This cannot be the piano bought in 1793 since Broadwood's son, James, did not become a partner until 1795. Perhaps it was a square piano that WBC had purchased with ready cash. The Broadwood grand piano sold at the Christie auction for £64.1.0 may well be the piano WBC paid for in 1799, which may have been the new (1794) six‐octave type. It should be remembered that this was a time when the piano was changing rapidly, and both pianos might have been considered somewhat outdated in 1812.

The payments to Duport in 1793 and 1795 (possibly Adrien Duport, known to Viotti) and the Comte de Vaudreuil (1806 and 1811) are typical of the many gifts or loans WBC made to his friends, acquaintances, and relatives. The payment of £100 to Madame Vigée‐LeBrun in 1805 may well have been for her portrait of Margaret Chinnery, painted in 1803. The seven payments (1799–1811) to Thomas Moore, though it is a common name, may have been for the poet, who was chronically impecunious. On the other hand, the withdrawal of 14 guineas in 1807 for Samuel Rogers, a wealthy banker and art collector (as well as a poet), was perhaps more likely payment for an antiquity or a painting. The payments to George Schmeissen (a friend of Viotti's), given the year, 1799, may well have had something to do with Viotti in exile. Sébastien Erard had posted a £5,000 bond as one of WBC's sureties, which he paid on 15 April 1812, after WBC's defalcation.6 WBC's withdrawals in 1810–12 for Erard were apparently in addition to the £6,000 he had lent him (see above, p. 265). WBC made irregular monthly payments to MC, amounting to about £50 a month in the early 1790s, rising gradually, though not consistently, to about £100 a month by 1803. He also made many payments to his brothers, George, the artist, and John, a Madras merchant, as well as, beginning in 1808, to his son George.

Most of the withdrawals for Viotti are lump sums, though a few seem to be for specific costs or purchases, including the first three in 1793 (see chapter 6, n. 47), and including the identical payments of £62.10 in 1804 and 1805. The two payments to Smith and Viotti in 1797 could be for wine. There are many payments over the years to Charles Smith, beginning at least as early as 1792, ranging from around £200 to more than £700 per year. But these decline (p.405) sharply beginning in 1807. The loan of £1,200 to Viotti and Smith, discovered in 1812, which had been repaid (see chapter 7, n. 185), is not to be found in these accounts, nor is there any trace of a payment to Viotti in late 1809 or early 1810 toward his purchase of the “Buttera.” A Stradivari violin commanded a selling price of about 100 guineas in London around the year 1810.7 The total of all the withdrawals for Viotti, including that for “Mons de Viotti” and the two for Smith and Viotti, is £2,234.13.3. It is not known whether Viotti or the others repaid these loans (gifts?), apart from the above‐mentioned £1,200.

Notes:

(*) I am grateful to Philip Winterbottom of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Archives for his help in preparing this table.

(1.) It is unlikely that WBC would have referred to GBV in this way—perhaps the bookkeeper?

(2.) Presumably the New Musical Fund.

(3.) This could have been a remittance to the exiled Viotti, by way of his banker, Hammersley.

(4.) NG2, s.v. “Raimondi, Ignazio,” and MGG2, s.v. “Raimondi, Ignazio,” give his year of birth as ca. 1735, whereas McVeigh 2001, 172, gives it as 1753.

(5.) See Parke 1830, 1:303–4.

(6.) GB‐Lna T1/3535.

(7.) Hill 1902, 266–69. Equivalent in purchasing power in 2007 to ca. £5,705 (Officer and Williamson 2008), a fraction of the price today.