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Fathers on the FrontierFrench Missionaries and the Roman Catholic Priesthood in the United States, 1789-1870$
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Michael Pasquier

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372335

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372335.001.0001

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Missionary Politics and Ultramontane Catholicism

Missionary Politics and Ultramontane Catholicism

(p.133) 4 Missionary Politics and Ultramontane Catholicism
Fathers on the Frontier

Michael Pasquier (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter is an analysis of the reliance of French missionary priests on the Holy See for guidance in the resolution of ecclesiastical conflicts, the evangelization of Catholic and non-Catholic laities, and the institutional development of the Catholic Church in the United States. It is an explanation of why French missionary priests sometimes traded their Gallican predispositions toward episcopal autonomy and collegiality for ultramontane notions of ecclesiastical stability and papal primacy. It was in their practical experiences in the United States that French missionary priests demonstrated just how hard they tried to execute the directives of the Holy See, but also how they were willing to bend the rigors of ultramontane thinking to make sense of local circumstances in American missions.

Keywords:   French missionaries, ultramontane, Holy See, Gallican, ecclesiastical conflict

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