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The Judaizing CalvinSixteenth-Century Debates over the Messianic Psalms$
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G. Sujin Pak

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195371925

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371925.001.0001

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Martin Luther *

Martin Luther *

Literal Prophecies Redeployed

Chapter:
(p.31) 2 Martin Luther *
Source:
The Judaizing Calvin
Author(s):

G. Sujin Pak

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371925.003.0003

Chapter 2 begins with a description of the significance of the Psalms in Luther's life, theology, and exegesis. It argues that Luther remains in keeping with the antecedent interpretive tradition by viewing these eight messianic Psalms as being literal prophecies of Christ and as providing clear teachings concerning Trinity and the two natures of Christ. The chapter traces the development of Luther's Psalms exegesis over time by demonstrating new themes, such as the themes of comfort and the teaching of justification by faith alone. The author also shows development in Luther's reading strategies, such as the replacement of spirit versus letter with Law versus Gospel, and particularly points to the negative theological role Jews play in Luther's exegesis. Luther depicts the Jews as the archenemy of Christ and the church—an image that is then redeployed by him against the Roman Catholics.

Keywords:   Luther, Psalms, Jews, exegesis, Trinity, literal, comfort, justification by faith alone, Law, Gospel

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