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The School Practitioner's Concise Companion to Preventing Violence and Conflict$
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Cynthia Franklin, Mary Beth Harris, and Paula Allen-Meares

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195370706

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370706.001.0001

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Creating a Violence-Free School Climate/Culture

Creating a Violence-Free School Climate/Culture

(p.27) 2 Creating a Violence-Free School Climate/Culture
The School Practitioner's Concise Companion to Preventing Violence and Conflict

Mark A. Mattaini

Oxford University Press

In an increasingly globalized world, rates of violence among the young appear to be increasing nearly worldwide. The incidence of most types of violence is much higher in the United States, however, than in most developed countries. And although schools are the safest places for children, most schools are not safe. This chapter shows that school cultures that are effective in reducing violence are characterized by high levels of four interlocking cultural practices among multiple groups of actors (staff, students, parents, community members): (a) recognition of contributions and successes; (b) acting with respect; (c) sharing power to build community; and (d) healing (making peace) when conflicts occur. Each of these core practices has independent scientific support, and together they are consistent with the recommendations reported in multiple reviews.

Keywords:   school violence prevention, school-based intervention, school culture, school safety

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