Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Novelty of NewspapersVictorian Fiction After the Invention of the News$

Matthew Rubery

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195369267

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369267.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 27 February 2017

(p.201) Bibliography

(p.201) Bibliography

The Novelty of Newspapers
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Ackroyd, Peter. Dickens. New York: HarperCollins, 1990.

Adams, Henry. The Letters of Henry Adams. Edited by J. C. Levenson et al. 6 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988.

“Advertisements of the Times.” Chambers' Edinburgh Journal, new ser., 3 (1845): 199–202.

“Advertisements.” The Spectator 15 (1842): 1045.

“To Advertisers.” The Daily Telegraph, 20 September 1855, 3a.

“The Agony Column.” All the Year Round, new ser., 43 (1888): 275–78.

“The Agony Column: An Essential Keyhole on Life.” The Times, 4 October 1985, 8c.

[Allen, Grant]. “A Scribbler's Apology.” Cornhill Magazine 47 (May 1883): 538–50.

Altick, Richard. Deadly Encounters: Two Victorian Sensations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986.

———. The English Common Reader: A Social History of the Mass Reading Public, 1800–1900. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.

———. The Presence of the Present. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1991.

“American Journalism II.—Interviewers.” The Journalist, 7 January 1887, 12a.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. Rev. ed. London: Verso, 1991.

———. “Responses.” Grounds of Comparison: Around the Work of Benedict Anderson. Edited by Pheng Cheah and Jonathan Culler. New York: Routledge, 2003. 225–45.

“Another Card from Mr. Lowell.” New York World, 1 November 1886, 5b.

Antsyferova, Olga. “Three Interviews of Henry James: Mastering the Language of Publicity.” Henry James Review 22 (2001): 81–92.

apRoberts, Ruth. Trollope: Artist and Moralist. London: Chatto & Windus, 1971.

Arnold, Matthew. “Up to Easter.” Nineteenth Century 21 (1887): 629–43.

Aspinall, Arthur. “The Social Status of Journalists at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century.” The Review of English Studies 21 (1945): 216–32.

(p.202) Atkinson, Paul, and David Silverman. “Kundera's Immortality: The Interview Society and the Invention of the Self.” Qualitative Inquiry 3 (1997): 304–25.

Austen, Jane. Persuasion: Authoritative Text, Backgrounds, and Contexts Criticism. Edited by Patricia Ann Meyer Spacks. 1st ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995.

[Austin, Alfred.] “Our Novels: The Sensational School.” Temple Bar 29 (June 1870): 410–24.

Austin, J. L. How to Do Things with Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination. Edited by Michael Holquist. Translated by Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981.

Ballingall, James. Shipwrecks: Their Causes, and the Means of Prevention. Melbourne: William Fairfax & Co., 1857.

Balzac, Honoré de. Lost Illusions. Translated by Herbert J. Hunt. London: Penguin, 1971.

Barker, Hannah. Newspapers, Politics, and Public Opinion in Late Eighteenth-Century England. Oxford: Clarendon, 1998.

Barker, Hannah and Simon Burrows, eds. Press, Politics, and the Public Sphere in Europe and North America, 1760–1820. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

[Barr, Robert]. “A Chat with Conan Doyle.” The Idler 6 (1894): 340–49.

Barthes, Roland. “Structure of the Fait-Divers.” Critical Essays. Translated by Richard Howard. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1972. 185–96.

Beeman, M. M. Lloyd's Outline. Kingswood, Surrey: Windmill Press, 1937.

Beetham, Margaret. “The Agony Aunt, the Romancing Uncle and the Family of Empire: Defining the Sixpenny Reading Public in the 1890s.” Nineteenth-Century Media and the Construction of Identities. Edited by Laurel Brake, Bill Bell, and David Finkelstein. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000. 253–70.

———. A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800–1914. London: Routledge, 1996.

Belcher, Joseph J. “Newspaper Advertisements.” Harper's New Monthly Magazine 33 (1866): 781–89.

Benjamin, Walter. Charles Baudelaire: A Lyric Poet in the Era of High Capitalism. Translated by Harry Zohn. London: NLB, 1973.

———. “Little Tricks of the Trade.” Selected Writings. Translated by Rodney Livingstone et al. Edited by Michael W. Jennings, Howard Eiland, and Gary Smith. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1996–2003. 728–30.

———. “The Storyteller.” Illuminations. New York: Schocken Books, 1969. 83–109.

Bennett, Arnold. How to Write for the Press: A Practical Handbook for Beginners in Journalism. London: Horace Cox, 1899.

Bennett, Norman R., ed. Stanley's Despatches to the New York Herald, 1871–1872, 1874–1877. Boston: Boston University Press, 1970.

Berger, Courtney C. “Partying with the Opposition: Social Politics in The Prime Minister.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 45 (2003): 315–36.

Berlant, Lauren, ed. Intimacy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

(p.203) Biggers, Earl Derr. The Agony Column. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1916.

Blumenberg, Hans. Shipwreck with Spectator: Paradigm of a Metaphor for Existence. Translated by Steven Rendall. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1997.

Bolter, Jay David, and Richard Grusin. Remediation. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.

Boorstin, Daniel J. The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

Borus, Daniel. Writing Realism: Howells, James, and Norris in the Mass Market. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Bourdieu, Pierre. “The Biographical Illusion.” Identity: A Reader. Edited by Paul du Gay, Jessica Evans, and Peter Redman. London: Sage Publications, 2000. 297–303.

———. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature. Edited by Randal Johnson. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1993.

———. On Television and Journalism. Translated by Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson. London: Pluto Press, 1996.

Bowles, Thomas Gibson. “Newspapers.” Fortnightly Review 36 (1884): 17–29.

Boyle, Thomas. Black Swine in the Sewers of Hampstead: Beneath the Surface of Victorian Sensationalism. New York: Viking, 1989.

Braddon, Mary Elizabeth. John Marchmont's Legacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

———. Lady Audley's Secret. Edited by David Skilton. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Bradley, Anthony. “Hearts of Darkness: Conrad, Casement, and the Congo.” ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature 34 (2003): 197–214.

Brake, Laurel. Print in Transition, 1850–1910: Studies in Media and Book History. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001.

———. Subjugated Knowledges: Journalism, Gender and Literature in the Nineteenth Century. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994.

Brake, Laurel, Bill Bell, and David Finkelstein, eds. Nineteenth-Century Media and the Construction of Identities. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000.

Brake, Laurel, Aled Jones, and Lionel Madden, eds. Investigating Victorian Journalism. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990.

Brandeis, Louis D., and Samuel D. Warren. “The Right to Privacy.” Harvard Law Review 4 (1890): 193–220.

Brantlinger, Patrick. The Reading Lesson: The Threat of Mass Literacy in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

———. Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism, 1830–1914. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988.

———. “What Is ‘Sensational’ about the ‘Sensation Novel’?” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 37 (1982): 1–28.

Braudy, Leo. The Frenzy of Renown. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Brontë, Charlotte. Villette. Edited by Margaret Smith and Herbert Rosengarten. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Brooks, Florence. “Henry James in the Serene Sixties.” New York Herald, 2 October 1904 [magazine section], 1.

Brooks, Peter. Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1984.

(p.204) Broome, Lady [Mary Anne Barker]. “Interviews.” Cornhill Magazine, new ser., 10 (1901): 473–81.

Broughton, Rhoda. Belinda. London: Virago, 1984.

Brown, Lucy. Victorian News and Newspapers. Oxford: Clarendon, 1985.

Burns, Allan. “Henry James's Journalists as Synechdoche for the American Scene.” Henry James Review 16 (1995): 1–17.

Butte, George. “Trollope's Duke of Omnium and the ‘Pain of History’: A Study of the Novelist's Politics.” Victorian Studies 24 (1981): 209–27.

Butwin, Joseph. “Hard Times: The News and the Novel.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 32 (1977): 166–87.

Buxton, Charles. The Ideas of the Day on Policy. 3rd ed. London: John Murray, 1868.

Buxton, Meriel. David Livingston. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001.

Bynner, Witter. “A Word or Two with Henry James.” The Critic and Literary World 46 (1905): 146–48.

Calhoun, Craig, ed. Habermas and the Public Sphere. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992.

Cameron, Alan, and Roy Farndon. Scenes from Sea and City: Lloyd's List 1734–1984. London: Lloyd's of London Press, 1984.

Cameron, Sharon. Thinking in Henry James. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Canetti, Elias. Crowds and Power. Translated by Carol Stewart. New York: Continuum, 1973.

Caplan, Jay. Framed Narratives: Diderot's Genealogy of the Beholder. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1985.

“A Card from Mr. Lowell.” New York World, 27 October 1886, 4e.

Carey, John. The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia, 1880–1939. London: Faber and Faber, 1992.

Carnell, Jennifer. The Literary Lives of Mary Elizabeth Braddon: A Study of Her Life and Work. Hastings: Sensation Press, 2000.

Carnell, Jennifer, and Graham Law. “‘Our Author’: Braddon in the Provincial Weeklies.” Beyond Sensation: Mary Elizabeth Braddon in Context. Edited by Marlene Tromp, Pamela K. Gilbert, and Aeron Haynie. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. 127–63.

Carr-Saunders, Anthony Michael, and Paul Alexander Wilson. “Journalists.” Media Occupations and Professions: A Reader. Edited by Jeremy Tunstall. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. 37–41.

Caughie, Pamela, ed. Virginia Woolf in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. New York: Garland, 2000.

Chalaby, Jean. The Invention of Journalism. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998.

[Chapman, John]. “The London Daily Press.” Westminster Review, new ser., 8 (October 1855): 492–521.

Chartier, Roger. The Order of Books: Readers, Authors, and Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Translated by Lydia G. Cochrane. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.

Cheah, Pheng, and Jonathan Culler, eds. Grounds of Comparison: Around the Work of Benedict Anderson. New York: Routledge, 2003.

“Cheap Literature.” British Quarterly Review 29 (April 1859): 313–45.

Chinitz, David. T. S. Eliot and the Cultural Divide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

“Cipher in Agonies.” Truth 1 (1877): 281–82.

Clay, Alice, ed. The Agony Column of the “Times” 1800–1870. London: Chatto and Windus, 1881.

(p.205) Cocks, H. G. “Peril in the Personals: The Dangers and Pleasures of Classified Advertising in Early Twentieth-Century Britain.” Media History 10 (2004): 3–16.

Cohen, Margaret. “Sentimental Communities.” The Literary Channel: The Inter-National Invention of the Novel. Edited by Margaret Cohen and Carolyn Dever. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. 106–32.

Coleman, John. Charles Reade As I Knew Him. London: Treherne & Company, 1903.

Collier, Patrick. Modernism on Fleet Street. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.

Collins, Mortimer. “Mrs. Harris.” Belgravia: A London Magazine (1870): 158–64.

Collins, Wilkie. Armadale. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

———. “How I Write My Books: Related in a Letter to a Friend.” The Globe, 26 November 1887, 6a.

———. No Name. Edited by Mark Ford. London: Penguin, 2004.

Conboy, Martin. Journalism: A Critical History. London: Sage, 2004.

Conrad, Joseph. Chance. Edited by Martin Ray. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

———. The Collected Letters of Joseph Conrad. Edited by Laurence Davies and Frederick R. Karl. 7 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

———. Heart of Darkness: An Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Sources, Criticism. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1988.

———. Last Essays. New York: Doubleday & Page, 1926.

———. The Mirror of the Sea. New York: Doubleday & Page, 1924.

———. Notes on Life and Letters. New York: Doubleday & Page, 1923.

———. “An Outpost of Progress.” Tales of Unrest. Edited by Anthony Fothergill. London: J. M. Dent, 2000. 67–89.

———. The Secret Agent. London: David Campbell, 1992.

———. Under Western Eyes. London: David Campbell, 1991.

Cooter, Roger, and Bill Luckin, eds. Accidents in History: Injuries, Fatalities and Social Relations. Amsterdam: Rodolpi, 1997.

Courtney, L[eonard] H. “The Making and Reading of Newspapers.” Contemporary Review 79 (1901): 365–76.

“A Cry from the ‘Agony Column,’ and the Interpretation Thereof.” Punch 74 (1878): 85.

Culler, Jonathan. “Anderson and the Novel.” Diacritics 29 (1999): 20–39.

———. “Anderson and the Novel.” Grounds of Comparison: Around the Work of Benedict Anderson. Edited by Pheng Cheah and Jonathan Culler. New York: Routledge, 2003. 29–52.

“A Curious Fact for the History of Newspaper Literature in the Reign of Queen Victoria.” Illustrated London News, 8 June 1850, 416a.

Curran, James, and Jean Seaton. Power Without Responsibility. London: Routledge, 1993.

[Curtis, Ella J.]. “The Essence of Agony.” The Dublin University Magazine 88 (1876): 760–63.

Curtis, James. The Mysterious Murder of Maria Marten, in Suffolk. London: Thomas Kelly, 1828. Reprint, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928.

[Dallas, E. S.] “Lady Audley's Secret.” The Times, 18 November 1862, 4c.

———. “Popular Literature—The Periodical Press.” Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 85 (January 1859): 96–112.

Daly, Nicholas. Literature, Technology, and Modernity, 1860–2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

(p.206) Dames, Nicholas. The Physiology of the Novel: Reading, Neural Science, and the Form of Victorian Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

DaRosa, Marc. “Henry James, Anonymity, and the Press: Journalistic Modernity and the Decline of the Author.” Modern Fiction Studies 43 (1997): 826–59.

Darras, Jacques. Joseph Conrad and the West: Signs of Empire. Translated by Anne Luyat and Jacques Darras. Totowa: Barnes & Noble Books, 1982.

David Livingstone and the Victorian Encounter with Africa. London: National Portrait Gallery Publications, 1996.

Davies, E. P. The Reporter's Hand-Book and Vade Mecum. London: F. Pitman, 1884.

Davis, Lennard J. Factual Fictions: The Origins of the English Novel. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.

DeCew, Judith Wagner. In Pursuit of Privacy: Law, Ethics, and the Rise of Technology. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Dennett, J. R. “Interviewing.” The Nation 8 (1869): 66–67.

Derrida, Jacques. “Artifactualities.” Echographies of Television: Filmed Interviews. Translated by Jennifer Bajorek. Cambridge: Polity Press; Malden: Blackwell Publishers, 2002. 1–28.

Dettmar, Kevin J. H., and Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernisms. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.

Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. New York: Penguin, 1986.

———. Dombey and Son. London: David Campbell, 1994.

———. Our Mutual Friend. New York: Penguin Books, 1971.

———. The Pickwick Papers. New York: Penguin, 1964.

[Dickens, Charles]. “The Lost Arctic Voyagers.” Household Words 10 (1855): 385–93.

“Divorce Case—Walker v. Walker.” The Scotsman, 14 July 1870, 5.

Donovan, Stephen. Joseph Conrad and Popular Culture. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

———. “Prosaic Newspaper Stunts: Conrad, Modernity and the Press.” Conrad at the Millennium: Modernism, Postmodernism, Postcolonialism. Edited by Gail Fincham. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002. 53–72.

Drew, John M. L. Dickens the Journalist. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2003.

Driver, Felix. Geography Militant: Cultures of Exploration and Empire. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2001.

Edgeworth, Maria. Letters from England 1813–1844. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971.

“Editor's Easy Chair.” Harper's New Monthly Magazine 70 (1885): 971–72.

Eitner, Lorenz. Géricault's Raft of the Medusa. London: Phaidon, 1972.

Eliot, George. The George Eliot Letters. Edited by Gordon S. Haight. 9 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1954.

———. Middlemarch. New York: Bantam, 1992.

Elliott, Philip. “Professional Ideology and Organisational Change: The Journalist since 1800.” Newspaper History from the Seventeenth Century to the Present Day. Edited by George Boyce, James Curran, and Pauline Wingate. London: Constable; Beverly Hills: Sage, 1978. 172–91.

Ellis, G. Stanley. “‘Agony’ Advertisements.” Good Words 41 (1900): 827–30.

Ellmann, Richard. Oscar Wilde. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1987.

(p.207) Erichsen, John Eric. On Concussion of the Spine, Nervous Shock, and Other Obscure Injuries of the Nervous System, in Their Medical and Medico-Legal Aspects. London: Longmans, Green, 1875.

“Every Body's Column.” Illustrated London News, 15 July 1843, 46c.

“Everybody's Column.” Illustrated London News, 24 May 1845, 334a.

“Execution of William Corder.” The Scotsman, 16 August 1828, 3.

Fahnestock, Jeanne. “Bigamy: The Rise and Fall of a Convention.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 36 (1981): 47–71.

Flaubert, Gustave. Bouvard and Pécuchet with the Dictionary of Received Ideas. Translated by A. J. Krailsheimer. New York: Penguin, 1976.

Fletcher, A. E. “The Ideal Newspaper. Important Contributions from Leading Editors.” Young Man 14 (1900): 50–54; 122–23.

Flint, Kate. The Woman Reader 1837–1914. Oxford: Clarendon, 1993.

Ford, Jane. “An African Encounter, a British Traitor and Heart of Darkness.” Conradiana 27 (1995): 123–34.

Fowles, John. Shipwreck. London: Jonathan Cape, 1974.

Fraser, Hilary, Stephanie Green, and Judith Johnston, Gender and the Victorian Periodical. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Freedman, Jonathan. Professions of Taste: Henry James, British Aestheticism, and Commodity Culture. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Freeman, Michael. Railways and the Victorian Imagination. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Fritzsche, Peter. Reading Berlin 1900. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Frus, Phyllis. The Politics and Poetics of Journalistic Narrative. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Galtung, Johan, and Mari Holmboe Ruge. “The Structure of Foreign News.” Journal of Peace Research 1 (1965): 64–90.

Gans, Herbert J. Deciding What's News. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.

Garnett, Edward, ed. Letters from Joseph Conrad 1895–1924. London: The Nonesuch Press, 1928.

Gaskell, Elizabeth. The Life of Charlotte Brontë. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

———. Sylvia's Lovers. Edited by Shirley Foster. London: Penguin, 1996.

Gatrell, V. A. C. The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People 1770–1868. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

[Godkin, Edward Lawrence.] “The Right to Privacy.” The Nation 51 (1890): 496–97.

Godkin, Edward Lawrence. “The Rights of the Citizen. IV.—To His Own Reputation.” Scribner's Magazine 8 (1890): 58–67.

Goffman, Erving. Strategic Interaction. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1969.

Golanka, Mary. “Mr. Kurtz, I Presume? Livingstone and Stanley as Prototypes of Kurtz and Marlow.” Studies in the Novel 17 (1985): 194–202.

Greenwood, Frederick. “The Newspaper Press. Half a Century's Survey.” Blackwood's Magazine 161 (May 1897): 704–20.

Gross, John. The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters: A Study of the Idiosyncratic and the Humane in Modern Literature. New York: Macmillan, 1969.

Gubrium, Jaber, and James Holstein. “From the Individual to the Interview Society.” Handbook of Interview Research: Context & Method. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2002. 3–32.

(p.208) Guérard, Albert. Conrad the Novelist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958.

Habermas, Jürgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Translated by Thomas Burger. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991.

Hagan, John. “The Divided Mind of Anthony Trollope.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 14 (1959–60): 1–26.

Hall, Stuart. “A World at One with Itself.” New Society 15 (1970): 1056–58.

Hamblen, Abigail Ann. “Henry James and the Press: A Study of Protest.” The Western Humanities Review 11 (1957): 169–75.

Hampton, Mark. “Defining Journalists in Late-Nineteenth Century Britain.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 22 (2005): 138–55.

———. Visions of the Press in Britain, 1850–1950. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Hardy, Florence Emily. The Life of Thomas Hardy 1840–1928. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1962.

Hardy, Thomas. Far from the Madding Crowd. Edited by Ronald Blythe. New York: Penguin Books, 1985.

———. Jude the Obscure. New York: Bantam, 1996.

Harrington, Ralph. “The Railway Accident: Trains, Trauma, and Technological Crises in Nineteenth-Century Britain.” Traumatic Pasts: History, Psychiatry, and Trauma in the Modern Age, 1870–1930. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. 31–56.

———. “On the Tracks of Trauma: Railway Spine Reconsidered.” The Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine 16 (2003): 209–23.

Harris, Michael. “Journalism as a Profession or Trade in the Eighteenth Century.” Author/Publisher Relations During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Edited by Robin Myers and Michael Harris. Oxford: Oxford Polytechnic Press, 1983. 37–62.

———. “Shipwrecks in Print; Representations of Maritime Disaster in the Late Seventeenth Century.” Journeys through the Market: Travel, Travellers and the Book Trade. Edited by Robin Myers and Michael Harris. Kent: Oak Knoll Press, 1999. 39–64.

Harrison, Kimberly, and Richard Fantina, eds. Victorian Sensations: Essays on a Scandalous Genre. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2006.

Harte, Bret. “No Title.” Sensation Novels Condensed. London: J. C. Hotten, [1871]. 198–215.

Hawkins, Hunt. “Joseph Conrad, Roger Casement, and the Congo Reform Movement.” Journal of Modern Literature 9 (1981–82): 65–80.

[Hawthorne, Julian.] “Lowell in a Chatty Mood.” New York World, 24 October 1886, 9a.

Hay, Eloise Knapp. The Political Novels of Joseph Conrad: A Critical Study. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

[Hayward, Abraham.] “The Advertising System.” Edinburgh Review 77 (1843): 1–43.

Hemingway, Ernest. “Voyage to Victory.” By-Line: Selected Articles and Dispatches of Four Decades. Edited by William White. London: Grafton Books, 1968. 349–63.

Hochman, Barbara. Getting at the Author: Reimagining Books and Reading in the Age of American Realism. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.

(p.209) Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror and Heroism in Colonial Africa. Updated ed. Basingstoke: Pan Books, 2006.

Hocking, Charles. Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam, 1824–1962. 2 vols. London: Lloyd's Register of Shipping, 1969.

Hope, Graham. “Women in Journalism.” The Woman Journalist 21 (1914): 2b.

Hope, Ronald. A New History of British Shipping. London: John Murray, 1990.

Hopkins, Gerard Manley. Further Letters of Gerard Manley Hopkins, Including His Correspondence with Coventry Patmore. Edited by C. C. Abbott. 2nd ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1970.

———. The Letters of Gerard Manley Hopkins to Robert Bridges. Edited by Claude Colleer Abbott. London: Oxford University Press, 1935.

———. “The Wreck of the Deutschland.” The Poetical Works of Gerard Manley Hopkins. Edited by Norman H. Mackenzie. Oxford: Clarendon, 1990. 119–28.

Horkheimer, Max, and Theodor W. Adorno. Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments. Edited by Gunzelin Schmid Noerr. Translated by Edmund Jephcott. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.

House of Commons. “Report from the Select Committee on Newspaper Stamps.” Parliamentary Papers 558 (London, 1851).

Howard, David. “Henry James and ‘The Papers.’” Henry James: Fiction as History. Edited by Ian F. A. Bell. London: Vision Press; Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble Books, 1984. 49–64.

Howard, Philip. We Thundered Out: 200 Years of the Times 1785–1985. Maplewood, N.J.: Hammond, 1985.

Hudson, Derek. Thomas Barnes of the Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1943.

Humpherys, Anne. “Coming Apart: The British Newspaper Press and the Divorce Court.” Nineteenth-Century Media and the Construction of Identities. Edited by Laurel Brake, Bill Bell, and David Finkelstein. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000. 220–31.

Hunt, Leigh. Leigh Hunt's “Rules for Newspaper Editors”: Wisdom for the Wicked. London: Ingpen & Grant, 1930.

Hunter, J. Paul. Before Novels: The Cultural Contexts of Eighteenth-Century English Fiction. New York: Norton, 1990.

Huntress, Keith, ed. Narratives of Shipwrecks and Disasters, 1586–1860. Ames: Iowa State Press, 1974.

[Hutton, Richard Holt.] “The Empire of Novels.” The Spectator (9 January 1869): 43–44.

Huyssen, Andreas. After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.

“An Ideal Interviewer.” Punch 98 (1890): 310.

“The Influence of Railway Travelling on Public Health: Report of the Commission.” The Lancet (8 February 1862): 155–58.

“The Interviewer's Vade Mecum.” Punch 108 (1895): 112.

“Interviewing the Queen.” New York World, 17 June 1883, 1g.

“Interviews and Interviewing.” All the Year Round, 3rd ser., 8 (1892): 422–26.

J. G. L. [pseud.] “The Newspaper.” Macmillan's Magazine 87 (1902–3): 429–35.

Jackson, Kate. George Newnes and the New Journalism in Britain, 1880–1910: Culture and Profit. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001.

(p.210) Jaffe, Audrey. Scenes of Sympathy: Identity and Representation in Victorian Fiction. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000.

James, Henry. “Anthony Trollope.” The Critical Muse: Selected Literary Criticism. Edited by Roger Gard. New York: Penguin, 1987. 174–80.

———. The Bostonians. New York: Vintage, 1991.

———. The Complete Notebooks of Henry James. Edited by Leon Edel and Lyall H. Powers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

———. “The Death of the Lion.” Complete Stories 1892–1898. New York: Library of America, 1996. 356–92.

———. “John Delavoy.” Complete Stories 1898–1910. New York: Library of America, 1996. 1–35.

———. “Miss Braddon.” The Nation (9 November 1865): 593–95.

———. “The Papers.” Complete Stories, 1898–1910. New York: Library of America, 1996. 542–638.

———. Partial Portraits. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1970.

———. The Portrait of a Lady: An Authoritative Text, Henry James and the Novel, Reviews and Criticism. Edited by Robert D. Bamberg. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1995.

———. “Preface.” The Aspern Papers; the Turn of the Screw; the Liar; the Two Faces. New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1971. v–xxiv.

———. The Reverberator. New York: Grove Press, 1957.

Jeal, Tim. Livingstone. London: Heinemann, 1973.

———. Stanley: The Impossible Life of Africa's Greatest Explorer. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Jean-Aubry, Gérard. The Sea Dreamer: A Definitive Biography of Joseph Conrad. Translated by Helen Sebba. Hamden: Archon Books, 1967.

Jerrold, Douglas. Wives by Advertisement: Or, Courting in the Newspapers. London: J. Duncombe & Co., 1828.

Johnson, Samuel. A Dictionary of the English Language. London: A. Wilson, 1812.

———. “Scheme for News-Writers.” The Idler and the Adventurer. Vol. 2, The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson. Edited by John M. Bullitt, W. J. Bate, and L. F. Powell. 18 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1963. 92–95.

[Johnstone, Christian.] “On Periodical Literature.” Tait's Edinburgh Magazine 3 (1833): 491–96.

Jones, Aled. Powers of the Press: Newspapers, Power and the Public in Nineteenth-Century England. Hants: Scolar Press, 1996.

Journalism. London: J. Truscott, 1831.

Joy, Charles R., ed. The Animal World of Albert Schweitzer: Jungle Insights into Reverence for Life. Boston: Beacon Press, 1958.

Karl, Frederick. Joseph Conrad: The Three Lives—A Biography. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1979.

Kaul, Chandrika, ed. Media and the British Empire. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Keating, Peter. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel, 1875–1914. London: Secker & Warburg, 1989.

Kent, Robin. Aunt Agony Advises: Problem Pages through the Ages. London: W. H. Allen, 1979.

Kiberd, Declan. “Ulysses, Newspapers and Modernism.” Irish Classics. London: Granta Books, 2000. 463–81.

Kierkegaard, Søren. The Journals of Soren Kierkegaard. London: Oxford University Press, 1938.

(p.211) King, Andrew, and John Plunkett. Popular Print Media, 1820–1900. 3 vols. London: Routledge, 2004.

Kinnear, John Boyd. “Anonymous Journalism.” The Contemporary Review 5 (1867): 324–39.

Kipling, Rudyard. “The Man Who Would Be King.” The Man Who Would Be King and Other Stories. Edited by Louis L. Cornell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. 244–79.

Knightley, Phillip. The First Casualty: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Myth-Maker from the Crimea to Iraq. Rev. ed. London: André Deutsch, 2003.

Knox, George. “The Hawthorne-Lowell Affair.” New England Quarterly 29 (1956): 493–502.

Knox-Shaw, Peter. The Explorer in English Fiction. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1987.

Koven, Seth. Slumming: Sexual and Social Politics in Victorian London. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Koss, Stephen. The Rise and Fall of the Political Press in Britain. London: Hamilton, 1981.

Kramer, David. “Masculine Rivalry in The Bostonians: Henry James and the Rhetoric of ‘Newspaper Making.’” Henry James Review 19 (1998): 139–47.

Kreilkamp, Ivan. Voice and the Victorian Storyteller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

———. “A Voice Without a Body: The Phonographic Logic of Heart of Darkness.” Victorian Studies 40 (1997): 211–43.

Landow, George. Images of Crisis: Literary Iconology, 1750 to the Present. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982.

Lane, John B. “Confessions of an Interviewer.” Pall Mall Magazine 2 (1893): 305–14.

“The Late Dreadful Storm.” The Times, 28 October 1842, 3c.

Lautréamont, Comte de [Isidore Ducasse]. Maldoror & the Complete Works of the Comte De Laturéamont. Translated by Alexis Lykiard. Cambridge, Mass.: Exact Change, 1994.

Leavis, Q. D. Fiction and the Reading Public. London: Chatto & Windus, 1932.

Leckie, Barbara. Culture and Adultery: The Novel, the Newspaper, and the Law, 1857–1914. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.

Lee, Alan J. The Origins of the Popular Press in England, 1855–1914. London: Croom Helm, 1976.

Lejeune, Philippe. On Autobiography. Edited by Paul John Eakin. Translated by Katherine Leary. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989.

Leonard, E. B. “Pigeon Voyagers.” Harper's New Monthly Magazine 46 (1872–73): 659–68.

Leonard, Thomas C. News for All: America's Coming-of-Age with the Press. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

[Lewes, George Henry.] “Farewell Causerie.” Fortnightly Review 6 (1866): 890–96.

Liddle, Dallas. “Anatomy of a ‘Nine Days' Wonder’: Sensational Journalism in the Decade of the Sensation Novel.” Victorian Crime, Madness and Sensation. Edited by Andrew Maunder and Grace Moore. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004. 89–103.

———. “Salesmen, Sportsmen, Mentors: Anonymity and Mid-Victorian Theories of Journalism.” Victorian Studies 41 (1997): 31–68.

(p.212) ———. “Who Invented the ‘Leading Article’?: Reconstructing the History and Prehistory of a Victorian Newspaper Genre.” Media History 5 (1999): 5–18.

Lincoln, Margarette. “Shipwreck Narratives of the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Century: Indicators of Culture and Identity.” British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 20 (1997): 155–72.

Linton, Mrs. Lynn, et al. “Are Interviewers a Blessing or a Curse?” The Idler 7 (1895): 491–98.

Lippmann, Walter. Public Opinion. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1922.

“The Literary Review.” The Bookman 21 (1905): 567.

“Literature of the Day:—The New Magazine.” The Metropolitan: A Monthly Journal of Literature, Science and the Fine Arts 1 (1831): 17–22.

Lockwood, Preston. “Henry James's First Interview.” New York Times, 21 March 1915 (magazine section), 3–4.

Loeb, Lori Anne. Consuming Angels: Advertising and Victorian Women. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

“Loss of the Deutschland.” The Times, 8 December 1975, 5e.

“The Lowell Interview.” New York World, 28 October 1886, 4c.

Lutes, Jean Marie. Front-Page Girls: Women Journalists in American Culture and Fiction, 1880–1930. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006.

Lyons, Martyn. “New Readers in the Nineteenth Century: Women, Children, Workers.” A History of Reading in the West. Edited by Guglielmo Cavallo and Roger Chartier. Translated by Lydia G. Cochrane. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999. 313–44.

MacDonald, Arthur. Girls Who Answer Personals: A Sociologic and Scientific Study of Young Women, Including Letters of American and European Girls in Answer to Personal Advertisements, with a Bibliography. Washington, D.C: n.p., 1897.

Mackie, John B. Modern Journalism: A Handbook of Instruction and Counsel for the Young Journalist. London: Crosby Lockwood and Son, 1894.

Mah, Harold. “Phantasies of the Public Sphere: Rethinking the Habermas of the Historians.” The Journal of Modern History 72 (2000): 153–82.

Mahood, Molly. The Colonial Encounter: A Reading of Six Novels. London: Rex Collings, 1977.

Malcolm, Janet. The Journalist and the Murderer. New York: Vintage, 1990.

Mallios, Peter Lancelot. “Reading The Secret Agent Now: The Press, the Police, the Premonition of Simulation.” Conrad in the Twenty-First Century: Contemporary Approaches and Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2005. 155–72.

Mansel, Henry. “Sensation Novels.” Quarterly Review 113 (1863): 481–514.

[Mansfield, Horatio]. “Modern Journalism.” Tait's Edinburgh Magazine, new ser., 19 (1852): 353–57.

Marcus, Sharon. “The Profession of the Author: Abstraction, Advertising, and Jane Eyre.” PMLA 110 (1995): 206–19.

Marshall, David. The Surprising Effects of Sympathy: Marivaux, Diderot, Rousseau, and Mary Shelley. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Marshall, P. David. Celebrity and Power: Fame in Contemporary Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Mason, Alpheus. Brandeis: A Free Man's Life. New York: Viking, 1946.

(p.213) Massingham, H. W. The London Daily Press. London: The Religious Tract Society, 1892.

“Matrimonial Advertisements.” Bentley's Miscellany 63 (1868): 491–502.

“Matrimony by Advertisement.” Chambers's Journal, 4th ser., 7 (1870): 753–56.

Matus, Jill. “Trauma, Memory, and Railway Disaster: The Dickensian Connection.” Victorian Studies 43 (2001): 413–36.

Maunder, Andrew, ed. Varieties of Women's Sensation Fiction, 1855–1890. 6 vols. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2004.

Mayhew, Henry. London Labour and the London Poor. London: Frank Cass & Co., 1967.

Mays, Kelly J. “The Disease of Reading and Victorian Periodicals.” Literature in the Marketplace. Edited by John O. Jordan and Robert L. Patten. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. 165–94.

McAdam, E. L., Jr. “Wordsworth's Shipwreck.” PMLA 77 (1962): 240–47.

[McCulloch, John Ramsay]. “On the Frequency of Shipwrecks.” The Edinburgh Review 60 (1835): 338–53.

McDonald, Peter D. British Literary Culture and Publishing Practice 1880–1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

McKeon, Michael. The Origins of the English Novel, 1600–1740. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

McLuhan, Marshall. “Joyce, Mallarmé, and the Press.” Essential McLuhan. Edited by Eric McLuhan and Frank Zingrone. Ontario: Anansi, 1995. 60–71.

[Merle, Gibbons.] “Journalism.” Westminster Review 18 (1833): 195–208.

———. “Weekly Newspapers.” Westminster Review 10 (April 1829): 466–81.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. Phenomenology of Perception. Translated by Colin Smith. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.

Meyers, Jeffrey. “Conrad and Roger Casement.” Conradiana 5 (1973): 64–69.

Mill, John Stuart. The Early Letters of John Stuart Mill 1812–1848. Vol. 12, The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1963.

———. On Liberty. Annotated Text, Sources and Background, Criticism. Edited by David Spitz. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1975.

Miller, Christopher. Blank Darkness: Africanist Discourse in French. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Miller, D. A. The Novel and the Police. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Miller, J. Hillis. “History, Narrative and Responsibility: Speech Acts in Henry James's ‘The Aspern Papers.’” Textual Practice 9 (1995): 243–67.

———. Victorian Subjects. Durham: Duke University Press, 1991.

“Miss Braddon as a Bigamist,” New York Times, 22 November 1874, 1a.

“The Modern Newspaper.” British Quarterly Review 55 (1872): 348–80.

Moretti, Franco. Atlas of the European Novel 1800–1900. London: Verso, 1998.

Morison, Stanley. The English Newspaper: Some Account of the Physical Development of Journals Printed in London Between 1622 and the Present Day. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1932.

Morrison, Mark S. The Public Face of Modernism. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000.

Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism: A History, 1690–1960. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan, 1962.

(p.214) Munro, J. Forbes. Maritime Enterprise and Empire: Sir William Mackinnon and His Business Network, 1823–93. Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2003.

Naipaul, V. S. “Conrad's Darkness.” The Return of Eva Peron, with the Killings in Trinidad. New York: Penguin, 1981. 207–28.

Najder, Zdzislaw. Joseph Conrad: A Chronicle. Translated by Halina Carroll-Najder. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1983.

Nevett, T. R. Advertising in Britain: A History. London: Heinemann, 1982.

“New News of the Old.—II.” Once a Week 12 (1873): 446–48.

Newman, William. “The Politician.” Punch 2 (1842): 74.

“Newspaper Readers.” The Mirror of Literature, Amusement and Instruction 34 (1839): 360.

“Newspapers in the Thirties, Forties, and Fifties.” Progress of British Newspapers in the Nineteenth Century, Illustrated. Edited by James J. Kane. London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1901. 195–207.

Nilsson, Nils Gunnar. “The Origin of the Interview.” Journalism Quarterly 48 (1971): 707–13.

Nohrnberg, Peter. “‘I Wish He'd Never Been to School’: Stevie, Newspapers and the Reader in The Secret Agent.” Conradiana 35 (2003): 49–61.

Nordau, Max. Degeneration. Translated by George L. Mosse. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.

O'Boyle, Lenore. “The Image of the Journalist in France, Germany, and England, 1815–1848.” Comparative Studies in Society and History: An International Quarterly 10 (1967): 290–317.

O'Connor, T. P. “The New Journalism.” The New Review 1 (1889): 423–34.

[Ogden, Rollo.] “The Interview as Literature.” The Nation 65 (1897): 124.

Oliphant, Margaret. “Anthony Trollope.” Trollope: Interviews and Recollections. Edited by R. C. Terry. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987. 103–7.

Onslow, Barbara. Women of the Press in Nineteenth-Century Britain. London: Macmillan, 2000.

Ouida [Marie Louise de la Ramée]. Under Two Flags: A Story of the Household and the Desert. 3 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1867.

“Our Confession of Faith.” The Star, 17 January 1888, 6f.

“Our Second Column.” The Times, 7 December 1868, 6d.

“Our Wants.” Punch 3 (1842): 140–42.

“Out and About.” Saturday Evening Gazette, 22 March 1890, 3b.

Ozick, Cynthia. “An (Unfortunate) Interview with Henry James.” The Threepenny Review 100 (2005): n.p. Available: http://www.threepennyreview.com/samples/ozick_w05.html. 22 July 2008.

Palmer, Michael. “The British Press and International News, 1851–1899: Of Agencies and Newspapers.” Newspaper History from the Seventeenth Century to the Present Day. Edited by George Boyce, James Curran, and Pauline Wingate. London: Constable, 1978. 205–19.

Palmer, William J. “Dickens and Shipwreck.” Dickens Studies Annual: Essays on Victorian Fiction 18 (1989): 39–92.

Paper, Lewis J. Brandeis. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1983.

Park, Robert. “News as a Form of Knowledge: A Chapter in the Sociology of Knowledge.” American Journal of Sociology 45 (1940): 669–86.

Pearson, Richard. W. M. Thackeray and the Mediated Text: Writing for the Periodicals in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000.

Peltason, Timothy. “Esther's Will.” ELH 59 (1992): 671–91.

Pemberton, Max. A Northcliffe Memoir. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1922.

(p.215) Perkin, Harold. The Rise of Professional Society: England Since 1880. London: Routledge, 2002.

Pettitt, Claire. Dr. Livingstone, I Presume?: Missionaries, Journalists, Explorers and Empire. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Plunkett, John. Queen Victoria: First Media Monarch. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Ponce de Leon, Charles L. Self-Exposure: Human-Interest Journalism and the Emergence of Celebrity in America, 1890–1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Poovey, Mary. “Writing about Finance in Victorian England: Disclosure and Secrecy in the Culture of Investment.” Victorian Studies 45 (2002): 17–41.

Porter, Andrew. Victorian Shipping, Business and Imperial Policy: Donald Currie, the Castle Line and Southern Africa. Suffolk: The Boydell Press, 1986.

Potter, Simon J. News and the British World: The Emergence of an Imperial Press System, 1876–1922. Oxford: Clarendon, 2003.

———, ed. Newspapers and Empire in Ireland and Britain: Reporting the British Empire, c. 1857–1921. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2004.

Pound, Ezra. ABC of Reading. New York: New Directions, 1960.

Pratt, Walter F. Privacy in Britain. London: Associated University Presses, 1979.

“Prosecution and Imprisonment of Mr. Hetherington.” Poor Man's Guardian, 12 January 1833, 2a.

“Prospectus of a New Journal.” Punch 44 (1863): 193.

Pulitzer, Joseph. “The College of Journalism.” North American Review 178 (1904): 641–80.

“Punch's Agony Column.” Punch 68 (1875): 86.

[Rae, William Fraser]. “Sensation Novels: Miss Braddon.” North British Review, new ser., 4 (1865): 180–204.

“The Railway Calamity.” The Saturday Review (1868): 281–82.

Ralph, Julian. The Making of a Journalist. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1903.

Rann, Ernest H. Letter to the editor. The Times, 9 November 1937, 17f.

Reade, Alfred Arthur. Literary Success: Being a Guide to Practical Journalism. London: Wyman & Sons, 1885.

Reade, Charles. Hard Cash: A Matter-of-Fact Romance. London: Chatto & Windus, 1927.

———. Letter to the editor. The Times, 31 August 1871, 4f.

Reeves, Byron, and Clifford Naas. The Media Equation: How People Treat Computers, Television, and New Media Like Real People and Places. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Reid, Benjamin. The Lives of Roger Casement. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976.

Reid, Hugh Gilzean. “The Press.” The Civilisation of Our Day: A Series of Original Essays on Some of Its More Important Phases at the Close of the Nineteenth Century. Edited by James Samuelson. London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company, 1896. 276–92.

Reid, Michael. “The Repressing of the Journalistic in The Wings of the Dove.” Henry James Review 19 (1998): 239–44.

[Reid, T. Wemyss]. “Modern Newspaper Enterprise.” Fraser's Magazine 93 (1876): 700–714.

Report from the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Cause of Shipwrecks. Parliamentary Papers 567. London, 1836.

(p.216) Richards, Thomas. The Commodity Culture of Victorian England: Advertising and Spectacle, 1851–1914. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Riffenburgh, Beau. The Myth of the Explorer: The Press, Sensationalism, and Geographical Discovery. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Robbins, Bruce, ed. The Phantom Public Sphere. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

Rolt, S. “Agony Columns.” Notes and Queries, 4th ser., 10 (1872): 449.

Ross, Andrew C. David Livingstone: Mission and Empire. London: Hambledon and London, 2002.

Rössler, Beate, ed. Privacies: Philosophical Evaluations. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Rubin, Rebecca B., and Michael P. McHugh. “Development of Parasocial Interaction Relationships.” Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 31 (1987): 279–92.

Said, Edward. “Conrad: The Presentation of Narrative.” Novel 7 (1974): 116–32.

Saintsbury, George. “Dullness.” The Criterion 1922–1939. Edited by T. S. Eliot. London: Faber and Faber, 1967. 1–15.

Sala, George Augustus. “The Press: What I Have Known of It-1840–1890.” Progress of British Newspapers in the Nineteenth Century, Illustrated. Edited by James J. Kane. London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1901. 201–7.

Salmon, Richard. Henry James and the Culture of Publicity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

———. “Signs of Intimacy: The Literary Celebrity in the ‘Age of Interviewing.’” Victorian Literature and Culture 25 (1997): 159–77.

———. “‘A Simulacrum of Power’: Intimacy and Abstraction in the Rhetoric of the New Journalism.” Nineteenth-Century Media and the Construction of Identities. Edited by Laurel Brake, Bill Bell, and David Finkelstein. New York: Palgrave, 2000. 27–39.

Scharnhorst, Gary. “James, ‘The Aspern Papers,’ and the Ethics of Literary Biography.” MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 36 (1990): 211–17.

Schiller, Dan. Objectivity and the News: The Public and the Rise of Commercial Journalism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. The Railway Journey: The Industrialization of Time and Space in the 19th Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Schooling, J. Holt. “Hatches, Matches, and Despatches.” The Pall Mall Magazine 10 (1896): 180–88.

Schudson, Michael. Discovering the News: A Social History of American Newspapers. New York: Basic Books, 1978.

———. “Introduction: News as Public Knowledge.” The Power of News. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995. 1–33.

———. “Question Authority: A History of the News Interview.” The Power of News. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996. 72–93.

“Schudson and Stephens Debate: The ‘Invention’ of News, Other Sundry Matters.” Clio 29 (1997): 7–9.

Schults, Raymond L. Crusader in Babylon: W. T. Stead and the Pall Mall Gazette. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1972.

Sebald, W. G. The Rings of Saturn. Translated by Michael Hulse. New York: New Directions, 1998.

Sennett, Richard. The Fall of Public Man. 1st ed. New York: Knopf, 1977.

(p.217) “Sensation Novels.” The Medical Critic and Psychological Journal 3 (1863): 513–19.

“Severe Gale at Whitby. Two Vessels Wrecked.” Gazette [Whitby], 31 October 1885, 4b.

Shakespeare, William. “The Tempest.” The Complete Works of Shakespeare. Edited by David Bevington. New York: HarperCollins, 1992. 1526–58.

[Shand, Alexander Innes.] “Contemporary Literature. II. Journalists and Magazine-Writers.” Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 125 (1879): 69–92.

———. “Contemporary Literature VII. Readers.” Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 126 (August 1879): 235–56.

———. “Contemporary Literature VIII. Newspaper Offices.” Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 126 (1879): 472–93.

Shattock, Joanne and Michael Wolff, eds. The Victorian Periodical Press: Samplings and Soundings. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1982.

Sherry, Norman. Conrad's Western World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Shevelow, Kathryn. Women and Print Culture: The Construction of Femininity in the Early Periodical. London: Routledge, 1989.

Shils, Edward. Center and Periphery: Essays in Macrosociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975.

“Ship News.” The Times, 28 October 1842, 7d.

“Shipping and Shipwrecks.” The Monthly Review 2 (1838): 132–47.

“Shipwreck, and Strange Story of the Survivors.” The Times, 29 October 1842, 5b.

“Shipwrecks.” All the Year Round 3 (1860): 342–46.

Simmons, Alan. “The Language of Atrocity: Representing the Congo of Conrad and Casement.” Conrad in Africa: New Essays on Heart of Darkness. Edited by Attie de Lange, Gail Fincham, and Wieslaw Krajka. Boulder, Colo.: Social Science Monographs; Lublin: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 2002. 85–106.

Sinnema, Peter. Dynamics of the Pictured Page: Representing the Nation in the Illustrated London News. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998.

Smith, Dodie. Letter from Paris. London: William Heinemann Ltd., 1954.

Smith, Iain R. The Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, 1886–1890. Oxford: Clarendon, 1977.

Smith, William. Advertise. How? When? Where? London: Routledge, Warne, and Routledge, 1863.

Stanley, Henry. “Dr. Livingstone.” New York Herald, 22 December 1871, 3a.

———. How I Found Livingstone. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1890.

Stape, J. H. Joseph Conrad: Notes on Life and Letters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Stapleton, Stephen. “Society Journalism.” The Monthly Review 21 (1905): 102–14.

Starr, Paul. The Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern Communications. New York: Basic Books, 2004.

St. Clair, William. The Reading Nation in the Romantic Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Stead, W. T. The Americanization of the World. New York: Horace Markley, 1902.

———. “The London Morning Dailies That Are and Are to Be.” Review of Reviews 4 (1891): 413–18.

(p.218) [Stephen, James Fitzjames]. “Journalism.” Cornhill Magazine 6 (1862): 52–63.

Stephen, James Fitzjames. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1873.

Stephens, Mitchell. A History of News: From the Drum to the Satellite. New York: Viking, 1988.

Stewart, Garrett. Dear Reader: The Conscripted Audience in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Stoker, Bram. Dracula: Authoritative Text, Contexts, Reviews and Reactions, Dramatic and Film Variations, Criticism. Edited by Nina Auerbach and David J. Skal. 1st ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1997.

Stokes, John. In the Nineties. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Strychacz, Thomas F. Modernism, Mass Culture, and Professionalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Surtees, Robert Smith. “Plain or Ringlets?” London: Bradbury, Agnew, & Co., 1860.

Sutherland, John. “Trollope, the Times, and The Warden.” Victorian Journalism: Exotic and Domestic. Edited by Barbara Garlick and Margaret Harris. Queensland: Queensland University Press, 1998. 62–74.

———. “Wilkie Collins and the Origins of the Sensation Novel.” Wilkie Collins to the Forefront: Some Reassessments. Edited by Nelson Smith and R. C. Terry. New York: AMS Press, 1995. 75–90.

Symonds, Emily. “The Advance of Advertisement.” Cornhill Magazine, new ser., 25 (1895): 505–13.

Talairach-Vielmas, Laurence. Moulding the Female Body in Victorian Fairy Tales and Sensation Novels. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Terdiman, Richard. “Afterword: Reading the News.” Making the News: Modernity & The Mass Press in Nineteenth-Century France. Edited by Dean de la Motte and Jeannene M. Przyblyski. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999. 351–76.

Thackeray, William Makepeace. The Adventures of Philip. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1908.

———. Letters and Private Papers of William Makepeace Thackeray. Edited by Gordon N. Ray. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1945.

———. Vanity Fair: An Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Contents Criticism. Edited by Peter Shillingsburg. New York: Norton, 1994.

Thomas, Annie. The Cross of Honor. New York: Follett, Foster & Co., 1864.

Thomas, Brook. “The Construction of Privacy in and around The Bostonians.” American Literature 64 (1992): 719–47.

Thornton, R. H. British Shipping. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959.

“‘The Times’ Agony Column.” The Times, 25 June 1914, 4a.

Townsend, Horace. “Interviewing as a Factor in Journalism.” North American Review 148 (1889): 522–23.

Trollope, Anthony. “On Anonymous Literature.” Fortnightly Review 1 (1 July 1865): 491–98.

———. An Autobiography. Edited by Michael Sadleir and Frederick Page. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

———. Can You Forgive Her? Edited by Andrew Swarbrick. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

(p.219) ———. The Duke's Children. Edited by Hermione Lee. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

———. An Editor's Tales. London: Strahan & Co., 1870.

———. The Eustace Diamonds. Edited by Stephen Gill and John Sutherland. Rev. ed. New York: Penguin, 2004.

———. He Knew He Was Right. Edited by John Sutherland. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

———. The New Zealander. Edited by N. John Hall. Oxford: Clarendon, 1972.

———. Phineas Finn: The Irish Member. Edited by Jacques Berthoud. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

———. Phineas Redux. Edited by John C. Whale. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

———. The Prime Minister. Edited by Jennifer Uglow. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

———. The Three Clerks. London: Penguin Books, 1993.

———. The Warden. Edited by David Skilton. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Tuchman, Gaye. Making News: A Study in the Construction of Reality. New York: Free Press, 1978.

Tulloch, John. “The Eternal Recurrence of New Journalism.” Tabloid Tales. Edited by Colin Sparks and John Tulloch. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. 131–46.

Tumber, Howard, ed. News: A Reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Turner, Mark. “Periodical Time in the Nineteenth Century.” Media History 8 (2002): 183–96.

———. Trollope and the Magazines: Gendered Issues in Mid-Victorian Britain. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2000.

Vincent, David. Literacy and Popular Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Wadsworth, A. P. “Newspaper Circulations, 1800–1954.” Transactions of the Manchester Statistical Society (1954–55): 1–41.

Walker, Pierre A., ed. Henry James on Culture: Collected Essays on Politics and the American Social Scene. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

Walter, John. “To the Public.” The Daily Universal Register, 1 January 1785, 1c–2a.

Warner, Michael. Publics and Counterpublics. New York: Zone Books; London: MIT Press, 2002.

Watt, Ian. Conrad in the Nineteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.

Waugh, Arthur. “The Tyranny of the Paragraph.” The National Review 20 (1893): 743–48.

Weber, Max. “Political Journalists.” Media Occupations and Professions: A Reader. Edited by Jeremy Tunstall. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. 25–27.

Weintraub, Jeff. “The Theory and Politics of the Public/Private Distinction.” Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy. Edited by Jeff Weintraub and Krishan Kumar. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. 1–42.

Weyand, Norman. “The Historical Basis of The Wreck of the Deutschland and The Loss of the Eurydice.” Immortal Diamond: Studies in Gerard (p.220) Manley Hopkins. Edited by Norman Weyand. London: Sheed & Ward, 1949. 353–92.

“What's the Use of the Gazette?” Punch 21 (1851): 251.

White, Allon. The Uses of Obscurity: The Fiction of Early Modernism. London: Routledge, 1981.

White, Andrea. “Conrad and Imperialism.” The Cambridge Companion to Joseph Conrad. Edited by J. H. Stape. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 179–202.

Wicke, Jennifer. “Vampiric Typewriting: Dracula and Its Media.” ELH 59 (1992): 467–93.

Wickwar, William H. The Struggle for the Freedom of the Press 1819–1832. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1928.

Wiener, Joel H. “‘Get the News! Get the News!’—Speed in Transatlantic Journalism, 1830–1914.” Anglo-American Media Interactions, 1850–2000. Edited by Joel H. Wiener and Mark Hampton. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. 48–66.

———, ed. Innovators and Preachers: The Role of the Editor in Victorian England. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1985.

———, ed. Papers for the Millions: The New Journalism in Britain, 1850s to 1914. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Wilde, Oscar. De Profundis and Other Writings. London: Penguin, 1973.

———. “The Decay of Lying.” Oscar Wilde. Edited by Isobel Murray. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989. 215–39.

Williams, C. Modern Idolatry—or—Editors and Idols. London: W. N. Jones, 1814.

Williams, Raymond. The English Novel from Dickens to Lawrence. London: Hogarth Press, 1984.

———. The Long Revolution. London: Chatto & Windus, 1961.

Wingate, Charles F., ed. Views and Interviews on Journalism. New York: F. B. Patterson, 1875.

Winkworth, Stephen. Room Two More Guns: The Intriguing History of the Personal Column of The Times. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1986.

[Wise, John Richard de Capel]. “Belles Lettres.” Westminster Review 86 (1866): 268–80.

Wise, Thomas James, and John Alexander Symington, eds. The Brontës: Their Lives, Friendships and Correspondence. 4 vols. Oxford: Blackwell, 1932.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Philosophical Investigations. Translated by G. E. M. Anscombe. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1968.

Wittmann, Reinhard. “Was There a Reading Revolution at the End of the Eighteenth Century?” A History of Reading in the West. Edited by Guglielmo Cavallo and Roger Chartier. Translated by Lydia G. Cochrane. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999. 284–312.

Wolfe, Tom, and E. W. Johnson, eds. The New Journalism. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

Wolff, Robert Lee. Sensational Victorian: The Life & Fiction of Mary Elizabeth Braddon. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1979.

“Women's Novels.” The Broadway, new ser., 1 (1868): 504–09.

Wright, Charles, and C. Ernest Fayle. A History of Lloyd's: From the Founding of Lloyd's Coffee House to the Present Day. London: Macmillan and Company Limited, 1928.

[Wynter, Andrew.] “Advertisements.” Quarterly Review 97 (1855): 183–225.

———. “Shipwrecks.” Quarterly Review 104 (1858): 170–200.

(p.221) Wynter, Andrew. “Our Modern Mercury.” Our Social Bees; Or, Pictures of Town & Country Life, and Other Papers. 9th ed. London: Robert Hardwicke, 1867. 304–13.

———. “The ‘Times’ Advertising Sheet.” Our Social Bees; or, Pictures of Town & Country Life, and Other Papers. 9th ed. London: Robert Hardwicke, 1867. 323–32.

Yonge, Charlotte. The Heir of Redclyffe. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., 1964.

Youngs, Tim. Travellers in Africa: British Travelogues, 1850–1900. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994.

Zins, Henryk S. Joseph. “Conrad and the Early British Critics of Colonialism in the Congo.” Lubelskie Materialy Neofilologiczne 22 (1998): 155–69. (p.222)