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Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and PeopleStress in Wild Animals and How They Cope$
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John C. Wingfield and L.Michael Romero

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780195366693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.001.0001

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Models of Stress

Models of Stress

(p.69) 3 Models of Stress
Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People

L. Michael Romero

John C. Wingfield

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents three different models for how to think about stress. This is an exciting time for stress research. Until quite recently, the traditional model provided the only way to place empirical data into a theoretical context. The traditional model provided some help, but its many weaknesses, especially when applied to wild free-living animals, slowed progress considerably. An especially glaring weakness was the poor help the traditional model provided in generating testable predictions about what stimuli would be stressors to wild animals, what their stress responses would be, and how those stress responses would help wild animals survive in their natural habitats. The lack of testable predictions was especially problematic with the recent focus on anthropogenic stressors and their potential to cause chronic stress and conservation problems. This chapter discusses the traditional model and then presents allostasis and reactive scope, alternative models for stress that incorporate concepts from ecology.

Keywords:   stress, stress response, habitat, conservation, wild animals, anthropogenic stressor

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