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Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and PeopleStress in Wild Animals and How They Cope$
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John C. Wingfield and L.Michael Romero

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780195366693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 16 December 2018

Environment and the Earth

Environment and the Earth

A Stressful Planet

(p.3) 1 Environment and the Earth
Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People

L. Michael Romero

John C. Wingfield

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces the concept of stress for wild animals. The answer to the question posed at the beginning of this chapter—what is stress?—is not simple. It requires an idea of what environmental changes animals must cope with, knowledge of different life-history stages, and an understanding of how animals initiate an emergency life-history stage in order to cope with labile perturbation factors. One take-home message is that the stress response, or the emergency life-history stage, is part of a continuum of how animals cope with a changing environment. The focus of this book is on the specific physiological, hormonal, and behavioral responses to labile perturbation factors, but one must always keep in mind that the ultimate goal of each and every stress response is to return the animal to its appropriate life-history stage.

Keywords:   stress, environmental change, labile perturbation, life history, emergency life-history stage, stress response

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