Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Thus I Have SeenVisualizing Faith in Early Indian Buddhism$

Andy Rotman

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195366150

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366150.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.281) Bibliography

(p.281) Bibliography

Thus I Have Seen
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Abe, Stanley. 1990. “Art and Practice in a Fifth-Centuty Chinese Buddhist Cave Temple.” Ars Orientalis 20:1–31.

Abhidharmakośa and Abhidharmakośabhāṣya of Vasubandhu. Edition: See Dwarikadas Sastri 1987. Translation: See La Vallée Poussin 1923–1931.

Abhidharmakośavyākhyā (Sphuṭārthā) of Yaśomitra. Edition: See Dwarikadas Sastri 1987.

Abhidharmasamuccaya of Asaṇga. Edition: See Gokhale 1947. Translation (French): See Rahula 1971.

Abhidharmasamuccayabhāṣya of Sthiramati. Edition: See Tatia 1976.

Agrawala, Vasudeva S. 1964. “Brief Communication: A Note on the Word cārikā in the Divyāvadāna.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 84:55–56.

Agrawala, Vasudeva S. 1966. “Some Obscure Words in the Divyāvadāna.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (2): 67–75.

Agrawala, Vasudeva S. 1970. Ancient Indian Folk Cults. Varanasi: Prithivi Prakashan.

Alabaster, Henry. 1871. The Wheel of the Law: Buddhism. London: Trübner and Company.

Allon, Mark. 1997a. “The Oral Composition and Transmission of Early Buddhist Texts.” In Indian Insights: Buddhism, Brahmans, and Bhakti: Papers from the Annual Spaulding Symposium on Indian Religions, edited by Peter Connolly and Sue Hamilton, 39–61. London: Luzac Oriental.

Allon, Mark. 1997b. Style and Function: A Study of the Dominant Stylistic Features of the Prose Portions of Pali Canonical Sutta Texts and Their Mnemonic Function. Studia Philologica Buddhica, Monograph Series, 12. Tokyo: International Institute for Buddhist Studies.

Almond, Philip. 1988. The British Discovery of Buddhism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

(p.282) Amarakośa of Amarasiṃha. Edition: See Haragovinda Sastri 1982.

Aṇguttara-nikāya. Edition: See Morris and Hardy 1885–1900. Translation: See Woodward and Hare 1932–1936.

Apadāna. Edition: See Lilley 1925–27.

Appadurai, Arjun. 1984. “How Moral Is South Asia’s Economy?—A Review Article.” The Journal of Asian Studies 43 (3): 481–497.

Appadurai, Arjun. 1990. “Topographies of the Self: Praise and Emotion in Hindu India.” In Language and the Politics of Emotion, edited by Catherine A. Lutz and Lila Abu-Lughod, 92–112. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Appadurai, Arjun, and Carol Breckenridge. 1976. “The South Indian Temple: Authority, Honour and Redistribution.” Contributions to Indian Sociology 10 (2): 187–209.

Apte, Vaman Shivaram. 1986. The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Revised and Enlarged Edition. Kyoto: Rinzen Book Company.

Aronson, Harvey B. 1979. “The Relationship of the Karmic to the Nirvanic in Theravāda Buddhism.” Journal of Religious Ethics 7:28–36.

Arthaśāstra of Kauṭilya. Edition and translation: See Kangle 1960–1965.

Aśokāvadāna. Edition: See Mukhopadhaya 1963. Translation: See Strong 1989.

Atherton, John. 1992. Christianity and the Market: Christian Social Thought for Our Times. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.

Aṭṭhasālinī. Edition: See Muller 1979. Translation: See Maung Tin 1920–1922.

Aung, S. Z., and C. A. F. Rhys Davids, trans. 1979 (1915). Points of Controversy or Subject of Discourse (Kathāvatthu). London: Pali Text Society.

Avadānakalpalatā of Kṣemendra. Edition: See Das and Vidyabhushana 1888.

Avadānaśataka. Edition: See Speyer 1906. Translation: See Féer 1891.

Babb, Lawrence A. 1975. The Divine Hierarchy: Popular Hinduism in Central India. New York: Columbia University Press.

Babb, Lawrence A. 1981. “Glancing: Visual Interaction in Hinduism.” Journal of Anthropological Research 37:387–401.

Babb, Lawrence A. 1986. Redemptive Encounters: Three Modern Styles in the Hindu Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Babb, Lawrence A. 1996. Absent Lord: Ascetics and Kings in a Jain Ritual Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Bahri, Hardev. 1999. Rajpal English-Hindi Dictionary. Delhi: Rajpal and Sons.

Bailey, Greg. 1988. “The Semantics of Bhakti in the Vāmana Purāṇa.” Rivista degli Studi Orientali 62:25–57.

Bailey, Greg, and Ian Mabbett. 2003. The Sociology of Early Buddhism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bailey, Harold Walter. 1958. “Arya.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 21:522–545.

Bailey, Harold Walter. 1974. “The Pradakṣiṇā-Sūtra of Chang Tsiang-Kuin.” In Buddhist Studies in Honour of I. B. Horner, edited by L. Cousins et al., 15–18. Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing.

Bailey, Harold Walter. 1966. “The Sudhana Poem of Ṛddhiprabhāva.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 29:506–532.

(p.283) Banerjee, Ankul Chandra, ed. 1954. Prātimokṣa-Sūtra [Mūlasarvāstivāda]. Calcutta: Calcutta Oriental Press.

Banks, Marcus. 1991. “Competing to Give, Competing to Get.” In Black and Ethnic Leadership in Britain: The Cultural Dimensions of Political Action, edited by P. Werbner and M. Anwar, 226–250. London and New York: Routledge.

Bapat, P. V. 1951. The Arthapada Sūtra. Visvabharati Studies, 13. Santiniketan: Visvabharati.

Bareau, André. 1962. “La construction et le culte des stūpa d’après les Vinayapiṭaka.” Bulletin de l’ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient 50:229–274.

Barua, B. M. 1931. “Faith in Buddhism.” In Buddhistic Studies, edited by B.C. Law, 329–349. Calcutta, Simla: Thacker, Spink and Company.

Barua, B. M. 1990. Inscriptions of Aśoka: Translation and Glossary. Edited by Binayendra Nath Chaudhury. 2nd edition. Calcutta: Sanskrit College.

Baums, Stephan. 2002. “Jyotiṣkāvadāna.” In Buddhist Manuscripts, vol. 2, edited by Jens Braarvig, 287–302. Manuscripts in the Schøyen Collection, 3. Oslo: Hermes Publishing.

Baxandall, Michael. 1988. Painting and Experience in Fifteenth Century Italy: A Primer in the Social History of Pictorial Style. 2nd edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Beal, Samuel. 1906. Si-yu-ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World. 2 volumes. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner and Company.

Beaudoin, Tom. 2003. Consuming Faith: Integrating Who We Are with What We Buy. Lanham, MD: Sheed and Ward.

Bechert, Heinz. 1992. “Buddha-Field and Transfer of Merit in a Theravāda Source.” Indo-Iranian Journal 35:95–108.

Belting, Hans. 1994. Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image before the Era of Art. Translated by Edmund Jephcott. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Bendall, Cecil, ed. 1897–1902. Śikṣāsamuccaya. Biblioteca Buddhica, 1. St. Petersburg: Académie impériale des sciences.

Bendall, Cecil, and W. H. D. Rouse, trans. 1971 (1922). Śikṣāsamuccaya: A Compendium of Buddhist Doctrine. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Bennett, Peter. 1993. The Path of Grace: Social Organization and Temple Worship in a Vaishnava Sect. Delhi: Hindustan Publishing Corp.

Bentor, Yael. 1994. “Tibetan Relic Classification.” In Tibetan Studies (Proceedings of the Sixth Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies), edited by Per Kvaerne, 16–30. Oslo: Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture.

Benveniste, Émile. 1993 (1969). Le vocabulaire des institutions indo-européennes: vol. 1, Économie, parenté, société. Paris: Les éditions de minuit.

Berger, John. 1977. Ways of Seeing. New York: Penguin Books.

Bergson, Henri. 1960 (1910). Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness. Translated by F. L. Pogson. New York: MacMillan.

Berkwitz, Stephen C. 2001. “Emotions and Ethics in Buddhist History: The Sinhala Thūpavaṃsa and the Work of Virtue.” Religion 31:155–173.

Berlant, Lauren. 2007. “Slow Death (Sovereignty, Obesity, Lateral Agency).” Critical Inquiry 33(4): 754–780.

(p.284) Bernhard, Franz, ed. 1965. Udānavarga. Göttingen: Vandenhoek and Ruprecht.

Bhadkamkar, R. G., ed. 1942. The Nirukta of Yāska (with Nighan.ṭu) edited with Durga’s Commentary. Bombay: The Department of Public Instruction.

Bhāgavatapurāṇa. Edition: See J. L. Sastri 1983a.

Bhaskar, Bhagchandra Jain, ed. and trans. 1990. Prakrit Dhammapada. Jaipur: Prakrit Bharati Academy.

Bhattacharya, Śri Janaranjan. 1898. “Story of Sudhana and Kinnarī.” Journal of the Buddhist Text Society 6:15–18, 1–8.

Bloomfield, Maurice. 1908. The Religion of the Veda, The Ancient Religion of India (from Rig-Veda to Upanishads). New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons.

Bode, Mabel. 1911. “The Legend of Raṭṭhapāla in the Pali Apadāna and Buddhaghosa’s Commentary.” In Melanges d’Indianisme: offerts par ses élèves à Sylvain Lévi, 183–192. Paris: E. Leroux.

Bodhi, Bhikkhu, trans. 1978. The Discourse on the All-Embracing Net of Views: The Brahmajāla Sutta and Its Commentarial Exegesis. Kandy, Sri Lanka: Buddhist Publication Society.

Bodhi, Bhikkhu, trans. 1988. “A Look at the Kalama Sutta.” Buddhist Publication Society Newsletter 9. Cover essay. Available at www.buddhaneṭnet/e-learning/kalama_l.htm.

Bodhi, Bhikkhu, trans. 2000. The Connected Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Saṃyutta Nikāya. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Bodhi, Bhikkhu, trans. 2005. In the Buddha’s Words: An Anthology of Discourses from the Pāli Canon. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Bongard-Levin, G. M., and O. F. Volkova. 1965. The Kunāla Legend and an Unpublished Aśokāvadānamālā Manuscript. Calcutta: Indian Studies Past and Present.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1974. “Avenir de classe et causalité du probable.” Revue française de sociologie 15 (1): 3–42.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1991. “Genesis and Structure of the Religious Field.” Comparative Social Research 13:1–44.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1998. “The Myth of ‘Globalization’ and the European Welfare State.” In Acts of Resistance: Against the Tyranny of the Market. Translated from the French by Richard Nice. New York: The New Press.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1999. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brokaw, Cynthia J. 1991. The Ledgers of Merit and Demerit: Social Change and Moral Order in Late Imperial China. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Brough, John. 1950. “Thus Have I Heard …” Bulletin of the School of African and Oriental Studies 13 (2): 416–426.

Brough, John. 1954. “The Language of the Buddhist Sanskrit Texts.” Bulletin of the School of African and Oriental Studies 16:351–375.

Brough, John, ed. 1962. The Gāndhārī Dharmapada. London: Oxford University Press.

Brown, Norman. 1968. “The Metaphysics of the Truth Act (Satyakriyā).” In Mélanges D’Indianisme a la Mémoire de Louis Renou, 171–177. Paris: E. de Boccard.

Brown, Norman. 1978. “Duty as Truth in Ancient India.” In India and Indology: Selected Articles, edited by Rosane Rocher, 102–119. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Brown, Robert L. 1997. “Narrative as Icon: The Jātaka Stories in Ancient Indian and Southeast Asian Architecture.” In Sacred Biography in the Buddhist Traditions of (p.285) South and Southeast Asia, edited by Juliane Schober, 64–108. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Bryson, Norman. 1981. Word and Image: French Painting of the Ancien Régime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Buck-Morss, Susan. 1992. “Aesthetics and Anaesthetics: Walter Benjamin’s Artwork Essay Reconsidered.” October 62:3–41.

Buck-Morss, Susan. 1994. “The Cinema Screen as Prosthesis of Perception: A Historical Account.” In The Senses Still: Perception and Memory as Material Culture in Modernity, edited by C. Nadia Seremetakis, 45–62. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Buddhadasa, Bhikkhu. 1968. Teaching Dhamma by Pictures: Explanations of a Siamese Traditional Buddhist Manuscript. Bangkok: Social Science Association Press of Thailand for the Social Science Review.

Buddhavaṃsa. Edition: See Jayawickrama 1974. Translation: See Horner 1975.

Buddhavaṃsa-aṭṭhakathā of Buddhadatta [ 5 Madhuratthavilāsinī]. Edition: See Horner 1978a. Translation: See Horner 1978b.

Bundgaard, Helle. 1999. Indian Art Worlds in Contention: Local, Regional and National Discourses on Orissan Patta Paintings. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press.

Burgess, James. 1900. “The Gandhāra Sculptures.” Journal of Indian Art and Industry 8:31–40.

Burlingame, Eugene Watson. 1917. “The Act of Truth (Saccakiriya): A Hindu Spell and Its Employment as a Psychic Motif in Hindu Fiction.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 11:429–467.

Burlingame, Eugene Watson, trans. 1969 (1921). Buddhist Legends Translated from the Original Pali Text of the Dhammapada Commentary (Dhammapada-aṭṭhakathā). 3 volumes. Harvard Oriental Series, vols. 28–30. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Burnouf, Eugène. 1844. Introduction a l’histoire du buddhisme indien, vol. 1. Paris: Imprimerie Royale.

Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge.

Butler, Judith. 1997. Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative. New York: Routledge.

Carroll, David. 1987. Paraesthetics: Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida. New York and London: Methuen.

Carter, James Ross. 1978. Dhamma: Western Academic and Sinhalese Buddhist Interpretations: A Study of a Religious Concept. Tokyo: Hokuseido.

Carter, James Ross. 1993. On Understanding Buddhists: Essays on the Theravāda Tradition in Sri Lanka. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Carter, James Ross, and Mahinda Palihawadana, eds. and trans. 1987. The Dhammapada. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Case, Margaret. 2000. Seeing Krishna: The Religious World of a Brahman Family in Vrindaban. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chaki, Jyotibhusan. 1993. “Divyāvadāna: A Language Survey.” In Aspects of Buddhist Sanskrit, edited by K. N. Mishra, 180–198. Sarnath, Varanasi: Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies.

Chakravarti, Uma. 1987. The Social Dimensions of Early Buddhism. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

(p.286) Chāndogya Upaniṣad. Edition and translation: See Gambhirananda 1992.

Chāndogya Upaniṣad Bhāṣya of Śri Śaṇkarācārya. Edition and translation: See Panoli 1991.

Chavannes, Edouard. 1934. Cinq cents contes et apologues extraits du Tripiṭaka chinois. 4 volumes. Paris.

Ch’en, Kenneth K. S. 1945–1947. “A Study of the Svāgata Story in the Divyāvadāna in its Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan and Chinese Versions.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 9:207–314.

Ch’en, Kenneth K. S. 1953. “Apropos the Meṇḍhaka Story.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 16:374–403.

Chidester, David. 1992. Word and Light: Seeing, Hearing, and Religious Discourse. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Clifford, James. 1997. Routes: Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Cohen, Jean. 1976. “Poésie et redondance.” Poétique 28:413–422.

Collier, Nicholson T. 1998. “Ornamenting Intentions: Intention and Implication in Buddhist Hermeneutics.” PhD diss., University of Chicago.

Collins, Steven. 1982. Selfless Persons: Imagery and Though in Therāvāda Buddhism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Collins, Steven. 1992. “Notes on Some Oral Aspects of Pali Literature.” Indo-Iranian Journal 53:121–135.

Collins, Steven. 1998. Nirvana and Other Buddhist Felicities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Comstock, Helen. 1926. “Western Influence in Eastern Art.” International Studio 83:26–31.

Conze, Edward. 1962. Buddhist Thought in India: Three Phases of Buddhist Philosophy. London: George Allen and Unwiṇ

Conze, Edward. 1959. Buddhist Scriptures. London: Penguin Books.

Coote, Jeremy. 1992. “‘Marvels of Everyday Vision’: The Anthropology of Aesthetics and the Cattle-Keeping Nilotes.” In Anthropology, Art, and Aesthetics, edited by Jeremy Coote and Anthony Shelton, 245–274. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Cort, John E. 2002. “Bhakti in the Early Jain Tradition: Understanding Devotional Religion in South Asia.” History of Religions 42 (1): 59–86.

Cousins, L. S. 1983. “Pali Oral Literature.” In Buddhist Studies: Ancient and Modern, edited by P. Denwood and A. Piatigorsky, 1–11. London: Curzon Press.

Cowell, E. B., and R. A. Neil, eds. 1886. Divyāvadāna: A Collection of Early Buddhist Legends. Cambridge: The University Press.

Cowell, E. B., Robert Chalmers, W. H. D. Rouse, Henry Thomas Francis, and Robert Alexander Neil, trans. 1990 (1895). The Jātaka. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Csikszentmihalyi, Mihalyi, and Rick Robinson. 1990. The Art of Seeing: An Interpretation of the Aesthetic Encounter. Malibu, CA: J. Paul Getty Museum Publications.

Cūlavaṃsa. Edition: See Geiger 1925 and 1927. Translation: See Geiger 1973.

Cutler, Norman. 1987. Songs of Experience: The Poetics of Tamil Devotion. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Dalmia, Yashodhara. 2001. The Making of Modern Indian Art: The Progressives. New Delhi and New York: Oxford University Press.

(p.287) Das, Sarat Chandra, and Hari Mohan Vidyabhushana, eds. 1888–1913. Avadāna Kalpalatā: A Collection of Legendary Stories about the Bodhisattvas. 2 volumes. Calcutta: W. Carey.

Das Gupta, Mrinal. 1930. “Śraddhā and Bhakti in Vedic Literature.” Indian Historical Quarterly 6:315–333.

Davis, Richard H. 1997. Lives of Indian Images. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Dayal, Har. 1932. The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner and Company.

de Certeau, Michel. 1985. “What We Do When We Believe.” In On Signs, edited by Marshall Blonski, 192–202. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Dehejia, Vidya. 1989. “Stupas and Sculptures of Early Buddhism.” Asian Art 11 (3): 7–30.

Dehejia, Vidya. 1990. “On Modes of Visual Narration in Early Buddhist Art.” The Art Bulletin 72 (3): 374–392.

Dehejia, Vidya. 1991. “Aniconism and the Multivalence of Emblems.” Ars Orientalis 21:45–66.

Dehejia, Vidya. 1992. “Rejoinder to Susan Huntington.” Ars Orientalis 22:157.

Dehejia, Vidya. 1997. Discourse in Early Buddhist Art: Visual Narratives of India. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.

Dehejia, Vidya. 1998. “Circumambulating the Bharhut Stupa: The Viewers’ Narrative Experience.” In Picture Showmen: Insights into the Narrative Tradition in Indian Art, edited by Jyotindra Jain, 22–31. Mumbai: Marg Publications.

Dehejia, Vidya. 2000. India through the Lens: Photography 18401911. With contributions by Charles Allen et al. Washington, DC: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, in association with Mapin Publishing, Ahmedabad.

Demiéville, Paul. 1934. “Busshin.” In Hōbōgirin, vol. 3, edited by S. Lévi, J. Takakusu, and P. Demiéville, 174–185. Tokyo: Maison Franco-Japonaise.

Dening, Greg. 1996. Performances. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Derrida, Jacques. 2000. “‘A Self-Unsealing Poetic Text’: Poetics and the Politics of Witnessing.” Translated by Rachel Bowlby. In Revenge of the Aesthetic: The Place of Literature in Theory Today, edited by Michael P. Clark, 180–207. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Derris, Karen Anne. 2000. “Virtue and Relationships in a Theravādin Biography of the Bodhisatta: A Study of the Sotaṭṭhakīmahānidāna.” PhD diss., Harvard University.

Deśīnāmamālā of Hemacandra. Edition: See Pischel and Bühler 1880.

Desjarlais, Robert R. 2003. Sensory Biographies: Lives and Deaths among Nepal’s Yolmo Buddhists. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Dhadphale, M. G. 1980. Synonymic Collocations in the Tipiṭaka: A Study. Pune: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute.

Dhammapada. Edition and translation: See Carter and Palihawadana 1987.

Dhammapada-aṭṭhakathā. Edition: See Norman 1906–1914. Translation: See Burlingame 1969.

Dhammapala, Gatare. 1984. “Towards the Definition of Saddhā and Bhakti.” In Buddhist Studies in Honor of Hammalava Saddhatissa, edited by Gatare Dhammapala, (p.288) Richard Gombrich, and K. R. Norman, 77–81. Nugegoda, Sri Lanka: Buddhist Research Library.

Dharmapada (Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit). Edition: See Shukla 1979.

Dhātuvaṃsa. Edition: See Nandaratana 1984.

Dīghanikāya. Edition: See Rhys Davids and Carpenter 1890–1911. Translation: See Walshe 1987.

Divyāvadāna. (Not all of the sources listed under this subheading are cited in the book. They are included here for the convenience of scholars working on the text.)

Edition (Roman): See Cowell and Neil 1886.

Edition (Devanāgarī): See Vaidya 1959.

Translation of stories 1–17: See Rotman 2008.

Edition and translation of stories 1, 2, 30, and 36: See Tatelman 2005.

Translation and study of story 2: See Tatelman 2000.

Translation of all or parts of stories 2, 10, 12, 17, 20, 23, 26, 27, 28, and 29: See Burnouf 1844.

Study of stories 9 and 10: See Ch’en 1953.

Translation (from the Chinese) and study of story 13: See Ch’en 1945–1947.

Translation of story 14: See Ware 1928.

Translation of part of story 17: See Schiefner 1893.

Translation of stories 18–38: See Rotman forthcoming b.

Translation of stories 18, 19, 20, and part of 26: See Zimmer 1925.

Study of story 19: See Baums 2002.

Study of story 22: See Hartmann 1980.

Translation of story 22: See Ohnuma 2004.

Translation of the preamble to story 23: See Ware 1938.

Edition of stories 26, 27, 28, and 29: See Mukhopadhyaya 1963.

Translation of stories 26, 27, 28, and 29: See Strong 1989.

Translation of story 30: See Schiefner 1893.

Studies of story 32: See Ohnuma 2000 and Mrozik 2006.

Edition of story 33: See Mukhopadhyaya 1954.

Study of story 33: See Sharma 1992.

Translation of story 34: See Ware 1929.

Tibetan editions and English translations of story 37: See Nobel 1955 and Tharchin et al. 1984.

Edition and translation of story 38: See Klaus 1983.

Doniger, Wendy. 1993. “The Scrapbook of Undeserved Salvation: The Kedāra Khaṇḍa of the Skanda Purāṇa.” In Purāṇa Perennis: Reciprocity and Transformation of Hindu and Jaini Texts, edited by Wendy Doniger, 59–81. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Doniger, Wendy, and Brian K. Smith, trans. 1991. The Laws of Manu. London and New York: Penguin Books.

Doniger, Wendy, and Sudhir Kakar, trans. 2002. Kamasutra of Vatsyayana Mallanaga. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

(p.289) Dooling, Richard. 1994. “Bush Pigs.” The New Yorker, 10 October 1994.

Dunne, John D. 2004. Foundations of Dharmakīrti’s Philosophy. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Dunne, John D., and J. B. Apple, trans. n.d. The Necklace of Clear Understanding: An Elucidation of the System of Mind and Mental States (Sems dang sems byung gi tshul gsal bar ston pa blo gsal mgul rgyan) by Tshe-mchog-gling yongs-’dzin, Dka’-chen Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan (1713–1793).

Dutt, Nalinaksha. 1930. Aspects of Mahāyāna Buddhism and its Relation to Hīnayāna. London: Luzac and Company.

Dutt, Nalinaksha. 1940. “The Place of Faith in Buddhism.” Indian Historical Quarterly 16:639–649.

Dutt, Nalinaksha, ed. 1984 (1950). Gilgit Manuscripts. 4 volumes. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications.

Dutt, Nalinaksha, ed. 1986. Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra, with N. D. Mironov’s Readings from Central Asian Manuscripts. Calcutta: The Asiatic Society.

Dutt, Nalinaksha. 1987. Buddhist Sects in India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Dwivedi, Parasa Nath, ed. Kāmasūtram of Śrī Vātsyāyanamuni. Varanasi: Chaukamba Surbharati Prakashan.

Dwyer, Rachel, and Christopher Pinney, eds. 2001. Pleasure and the Nation: The History, Politics and Consumption of Public Culture in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Eck, Diana. 1998 (1985). Darśan: Seeing the Divine Image in India. Columbia University Press.

Eckel, Malcolm David. 1992. To See the Buddha: A Philosopher’s Quest for the Meaning of Emptiness. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Edgerton, Franklin. 1993 (1953). Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary. 2 volumes. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Egge, James R. 2002. Religious Giving and the Invention of Karma in Theravāda Buddhism. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon.

Ergardt, Jan T. 1977. Faith and Knowledge in Early Buddhism. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Erndl, Kathleen M. 1993. Victory to the Mother: The Hindu Goddess of Northwest India in Myth, Ritual, and Symbol. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ernout, A. 1911. “Skr. śraddhā, lat. credo, irl. cretim.” In Melanges d’Indianisme: offerts par ses élèves à Sylvain Lévi, 85–89. Paris: E. Leroux.

Fabian, Johannes. 1983. Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Object. New York: Columbia University Press.

Falk, Harry. 1990. “Goodies for India: Literacy, Orality, and Vedic Culture.” In Erscheinungsformen kultureller Prozesse, edited by Wolfgang Raible, 103–120. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag.

Faure, Bernard. 1996. Visions of Power: Imagining Medieval Japanese Buddhism. Translated from the French by Phyllis Brooks. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Faure, Bernard. 1998. “The Buddhist Icon and the Modern Gaze.” Critical Inquiry 24 (3): 768–813.

Fausbøll, V., ed. 1877–1896. The Jātaka Together with Its Commentary. 6 volumes. London: Trübner and Company.

(p.290) Féer, Léon, trans. 1891. Avadana-Çataka: cent légendes (bouddhiques). Annales du Musée Guimet, vol. 18. Paris: E. Leroux.

Féer, Léon, ed. 1884–1898. Saṃyutta-nikāya. 5 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Filliozat, J. 1980. “Sur le domaine sémantique de puṇya.” In Indianisme et bouddhisme: Mélanges offerts á Mgr. Étienne Lamotte, 102–116. Louvain-la-neuve: Institut Orientaliste.

Finnegan, Ruth. 1988. Literacy and Orality: Studies in the Technology of Communication. Oxford: Blackwell.

Fitzgerald, James L, trans. 2004. The Mahābhārata: 11, The Book of Women; 12, The Book of Peace, part one. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Fontein, Jan. 1981. “Notes on the Jātakas and Avadānas of Barabuḍur.” In Barabuḍur: History and Significance of a Buddhist Monument, edited by Luis O. Gómez and Hiram W. Woodward, Jr., 85–108. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press.

Forge, Anthony. 1973. “Style and Meaning in Sepik Art.” In Primitive Art and Society, edited by Anthony Forge, 169–192. London and New York: Oxford University Press.

Foucher, Alfred. 1905–1951. L’art gréco-bouddhique du Gandhāra: étude sur les origines de l’influence classique dans l’art bouddhique de l’Inde et de l’Extrême-Orient. 2 volumes. Paris: E. Leroux.

Frank, Thomas. 2000. One Market Under God: Extreme Capitalism, Market Populism, and the End of Economic Democracy. New York: Doubleday.

Frauwallner, Erich. 1956. The Earliest Vinaya and the Beginnings of Buddhist Literature. Translated from the German by L. Petech. Roma: Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente.

Freedberg, David. 1989. The Power of Images: Studies in the History and Theory of Response. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gambhirananda, Swami, ed. and trans. 1992. Chāndogya Upaniṣad, with the Commentary of Śri Śaṇkarācārya. Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama.

Gāndhārī Dharmpada. Edition: See Brough 1962.

Geiger, Wilhelm, ed. 1925 and 1927. Cūlavaṃsa. 2 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Geiger, Wilhelm, trans. 1973 (1929–1930). Cūlavaṃsa, being the more recent part of the Mahāvaṃsa. Translated from the German into English by C. Mabel Rickmers. London: Pali Text Society.

Gell, Alfred. 1992. “The Technology of Enchantment and the Enchantment of Technology.” In Anthropology, Art, and Aesthetics, edited by Jeremy Coote and Anthony Shelton, 40–66. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Gell, Alfred. 1998. Art and Agency: An Anthropological Theory. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Gellner, David N. 2001. The Anthropology of Buddhism and Hinduism: Weberian Themes. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gernet, Jacques. 1995. Buddhism and Chinese Society: An Economic History from the Fifth to the Tenth Centuries. Translated by Franciscus Verellen. New York: Columbia University Press.

Gethin, Rupert. 1992a. The Buddhist Path to Awakening: A Study of the Bodhi-Pakkhiyā Dhammā. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

(p.291) Gethin, Rupert. 1992b. “The Mātikas: Memorization, Mindfulness, and the List.” In In the Mirror of Memory: Reflections on Mindfulness and Remembrance in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, edited by Janet Gyatso, 149–172. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Gnoli, Raniero, ed. 1977–1978. The Gilgit Manuscript of the Saṇghabhedavastu. 2 volumes. Roma: Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente.

Gnoli, Raniero, ed. 1978. The Gilgit Manuscript of the Śayanāsanavastu. Roma: Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente.

Godelier, Maurice. 1999. The Enigma of the Gift. Translated by Nora Scott. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gokhale, Balkrishna Govind. 1994. New Light on Early Buddhism. Bombay: Sangam Books.

Gokhale, V. V. 1947. “Fragments from the Abhidharmasamuccaya of Asaṇga.” Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (New Series) 23:13–38.

Gold, Ann Grodzins. 1988. Fruitful Journeys: The Ways of the Rajasthani Pilgrims. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Gombrich, Richard. 1971. “Merit Transference in Sinhalese Buddhism: A Case Study of the Interaction between Doctrine and Practice.” History of Religions 11:203–219. Also published the same year in Precept and Practice: Traditional Buddhism in the Rural Highlands of Ceylon, 226–241. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Gombrich, Richard. 1990. “How the Mahāyāna Began.” In The Buddhist Forum, vol. 1, edited by Tadeusz Skorupski, 21–30. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.

Gombrich, Richard. 2003. “Merit Detached from Volition: How a Buddhist Doctrine Came to Wear a Jain Aspect.” In Jainism and Early Buddhism: Essays in Honor of Padmanabh S. Jaini, edited by Olle Qvarnström, 427–440. Freemont, CA: Asian Humainites Press.

Gomez, Luis, trans. 1996. Land of Bliss: The Paradise of the Buddha of Measureless Light: Sanskrit and Chinese Versions of the Sukhāvativyūha Sūtras. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Gonda, Jan. 1969. Eye and Gaze in the Veda. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company.

Goodman, Nelson. 1976. Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols. 2nd edition. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.

Goody, Jack, ed. 1968. Literacy in Traditional Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Goody, Jack. 1987. The Interface between the Written and the Oral. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gorky, Maxim. 1952. My Apprenticeship. Translated by Margaret Wettlin. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House.

Graetz, Heinrich. 1975. The Structure of Jewish History. Translated by Ismar Schorsh. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America.

Granoff, Phyllis. 2000. “Portraits, Likenesses and Looking Glasses: Some Literary and Philosophical Reflections in Representation and Art in Medieval India.” In Representation in Religion: Studies in Honour of Moshe Barasch, edited by Jan Assmann and Albert I. Baumgarten, 63–107. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

(p.292) Granoff, Phyllis, and Koichi Shinohara, eds. 2004. Images in Asian Religions: Texts and Contexts. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Greenough, Paul. 1982. Prosperity and Misery in Modern Bengal: The Famine of 194344. New York: Oxford University Press.

Greenough, Paul. 1983. “Indulgence and Abundance as Asian Peasant Values: A Bengali Case in Point.” Journal of Asian Studies 42 (4): 831–850.

Gregory, Christopher. 1982. Gifts and Commodities. London and New York: Academic Press.

Griffiths, Paul. 1982. “Notes Toward a Critique of Buddhist Karmic Theory.” Religious Studies 19 (3): 277–291.

Griffiths, Paul. 1995. On Being Buddha: The Classical Doctrine of Buddhahood. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications.

Griffiths, Paul. 1999. Religious Reading: The Place of Reading in the Practice of Religion. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Guenther, Herbert V. 1976. Philosophy and Psychology in the Abhidharma. Berkeley: Shambhala Publications.

Guenther, Herbert V., and Leslie S. Kawamura, trans. 1975. Mind in Buddhist Psychology: A Translation of Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan’s The Necklace of Clear Understanding. Emeryville, CA: Dharma Publishing.

Guha-Thakurta, Tapati. 1995. “Visualizing the Nation: The Iconography of a ‘National Art’ in Modern India.” Journal of Arts and Ideas 27–28:7–40.

Gunawardana, R. A. L. H. 1981. “Social Fuction and Political Power: A Case Study of State Formation in Irrigation Society.” In The Study of the State, edited by Henri J. M. Claessen and Peter Skalnik, 133–145. The Hague: Mouton.

Gupta, Mahendranath. 1984. The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. Translated by Swami Nikhilananda. New York: Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center.

Gutman, Judith Mara. 1982. Through Indian Eyes. New York: Oxford University Press.

Haberman, David. 1988. Acting as a Way of Salvation: A Study of Rāgānugā Bhakti Sādhana. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hacker, Paul. 1963. “Śraddhā.” Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens 7:151–189.

Hallisey, Charles. 1988. “Devotion in the Buddhist Literature of Medieval Sri Lanka.” PhD diss., University of Chicago.

Hallisey, Charles, and Anne Hansen. 1996. “Narrative, Sub-Ethics, and the Moral Life: Some Evidence from Theravāda Buddhism.” Journal of Religious Ethics 24 (2): 305–328.

Handurukande, Ratna. 1978. “The Benefit of Caitya Worship.” In Senarat Panavitana Commemoration Volume, edited by Leelananda Prematilleke, Karthigesu Indrapala, and J. E. Van Lohuizen-De Leeuw, 75–77. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Handurukande, Ratna. 1982. “The Advantages of Image-Making.” Buddhist Studies (Bukkyo Kenkyū) 11:143–147.

Handurukande, Ratna. 2000. Three Sanskrit Texts on Caitya Worship: In Relation to the Ahorātravrata. Studia Philologica Buddhica, monograph series, 16. Tokyo: The International Institute for Buddhist Studies.

(p.293) Hara, Minoru. 1964. “Note on Two Sanskrit Religious Terms bhakti and śraddhā.” Indo-Iranian Journal 7:124–145.

Hara, Minoru. 1979. “Śraddhāviseśa.” Indologica Taurinensia 7 (1): 261–273.

Hara, Minoru. 1992. “A Note on Dhammapada 97.” Indo-Iranian Journal 35:179–191.

Harrison, Paul. 1978. “Buddhānusmṛti in the Pratyutpanna-buddha-saṃmukhāvasthita-saāmdhi-sūtra.” Journal of Indian Philosophy 6:35–57.

Harrison, Paul. 1992a. “Commemoration and Identification in Buddhānusmṛti.” In In the Mirror of Memory: Reflections on Mindfulness and Remembrance in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, edited by Janet Gyatso, 215–238. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Harrison, Paul. 1992b. “Is the Dharma-kāya the Real ‘Phantom Body’ of the Buddha?” Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 15 (1): 44–94.

Harrison, Paul. 2003. “Mediums and Messages: Reflections on the Production of Mahāyāna Sūtras.” The Eastern Buddhist 25 (1–2): 888

Härtel, Herbert. 1981. “Die Geburt des Jyotiṣka: Anmerkungen zu einem neu erworbenen Gandhāra-Relief.” In Studien Zum Jainismus und Buddhismus: Gedenkschrift für Ludwig Alsdorf (Alt-und neu-indische Studien, 23), edited by Klaus Bruhn and Albrecht Wezler, 93–106. Weisbaden: Franz Steiner.

Hartmann, Jens-Uwe. 1980. “Notes on the Gilgit Manuscript of the Candraprabhāvadāna.” Journal of the Nepal Research Centre 4:251–266.

Harvey, Peter. 1999. “Vinaya Principles for Assigning Degrees of Culpability.” Journal of Buddhist Ethics 6:271–291. (http://jbe.la.psu.edu/6/harvey991.htm).

Hayley, Audrey. 1980. “A Commensal Relationship with God: The Nature of the Offering in Assamese Vaiṣṇavism.” In Sacrifice, edited by M.F.C. Bourdillon and Meyer Fortes, 107–125. London: Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland.

Heitzman, James. 1984. “Early Buddhism, Trade and Empire.” In Studies in the Archaeology and Palaeoanthropology of South Asia, edited by Kenneth A. R. Kennedy and Gregory L. Possehl, 121–137. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing.

Hibbitts, Bernard J. 1994. “Making Sense of Metaphors: Visuality, Aurality, and the Reconfiguration of American Legal Discourse.” Cardozo Law Review 16:229–356. (http://www.law.pitt.edu/hibbitts/meta_int.htm).

Hibbets, Maria. 2000. “The Ethics of Esteem.” Journal of Buddhist Ethics 7:26–42. (http://jbe.la.psu.edu/7/hibbets001.html).

Hinüber, Oskar von. 1981. “Die Erforschung der Gilgit-Handschriften, Neue Ergebnisse.” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 131: *9*–*11*.

Hinüber, Oskar von. 1989. “Origin and Varieties of Buddhist Sanskrit.” In Dialectes dans les Littératures Indo-Aryennes, edited by Colette Caillat, 341–367. Paris: Institut de Civilisation Indienne.

Hinüber, Oskar von. 1990. Der Beginn der Schrift und frühe Schriftlichkeit in Indien. Abhandlungen der Geistes-und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse, 11. Mainz: Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur.

Hinüber, Oskar von. 1993. “From Colloquial to Standard Language: The Oral Phase in the Development of Pali.” In Premier Colloque Étienne Lamotte, 101–113. Louvain-la-Neuve: Institut Orientaliste.

(p.294) Hirakawa, Akira. 1963. “The Rise of Mahāyāna Buddhism and Its Relationship to the Worship of Stūpas.” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 22:57–106.

Hirakawa, Akira. 1990. A History of Indian Buddhism: From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna. Translated and edited by Paul Groner. Asian Studies at Hawai’i, no. 36. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Hiraoka, Satoshi. 1998. “The Relation between the Divyāvadāna and the Mūlasarvāstivāda Vinaya.” Journal of Indian Philosophy 26:1–16.

Hocart, A.M. 1931. The Temple of the Tooth in Kandy. London: Luzac and Company.

Hoffman, Frank. 1985. “Buddhist Belief ‘In.’” Religious Studies 21:381–387.

Hoffman, Frank. 1987. “The Pragmatic Efficacy of Saddhā.” Journal of Indian Philosophy 15:399–412.

Holt, John Clifford. 1996. The Religious World of Kīrti Śrī: Buddhism, Art, and Politics of Late Medieval Sri Lanka. New York: Oxford University Press.

Horner, I. B., trans. 1969 (1963). Milinda’s Questions (Milindapañha). 2 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Horner, I. B., trans. 1969–1975. The Book of the Discipline (Vinaya-piṭaka). 6 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Horner, I. B., trans. 1975. Minor Anthologies of the Pali Canon, vol. III: Chronicle of Buddhas (Buddhavaṃsa) and Basket of Conduct (Cariyāpiṭaka). London: Pali Text Society.

Horner, I. B., ed. 1978a. Madhuratthavilāsinī nāma Buddhavaṃsaṭṭhakathā of Bhadantācariya Buddhadatta Mahāthera. London: Pali Text Society.

Horner, I. B., trans. 1978b. The Clarifier of the Sweet Meaning (Madhuratthavilāsinī). London: Pali Text Society.

Horner, I. B., and Padmanabh S. Jaini, trans. Apocryphal Birth-Stories (Paññāsa-Jātaka). 2 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Hult, David. 1991. “Reading It Right: The Ideology of Text Editing.” In The New Medievalism, edited by Marina S. Brownlee, Kevin Brownlee, and Stephen G. Nichols, 113–130. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Huntington, C. W. 2007. “History, Tradition, and Truth.” History of Religions 46 (3): 187–227.

Huntington, Susan. 1992. “Aniconism and the Multivalence of Emblems: Another Look.” Ars Orientalis 22:111–156.

Hurvitz, Leon, trans. 1976. Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma (Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra). Translated from the Chinese of Kumārajīva. New York: Columbia University Press.

Ingholt, Harald, and Islay Lyons. 1957. Gandharan Art in Pakistan. New York: Pantheon Books.

Irvine, Judith. 1990. “Registering Affect: Heteroglossia in the Linguistic Expression of Emotion.” In Language and the Politics of Emotion, edited by Catherine A. Lutz and Lila Abu-Lughod, 126–161. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ishihama, Yumiko, and Yoichi Fukuda, eds. 1989. A New Critical Edition of the Mahāvyutpatti: Sanskrit-Tibetan-Mongolian Dictionary of Buddhist Terminology. Tokyo: Toyo Bunko.

Itivuttaka. Edition: See Windisch 1975. Translation: See Woodward 1948.

Iwamoto, Yutaka. 1978. Bukkyô setsuwa kenkyū josetsu [“An Introduction to the Study of Buddhist Legends”]. Tokyo: Kaimei Shoin.

(p.295) Jain, Kajri. 2000. “The Efficacious Image: Pictures and Power in Indian Mass Culture.” Polygraph: An International Journal of Culture and Politics 12:159–185.

Jaini, Padmanabh S. 1966. “The Story of Sudhana and Manohara: An Analysis of the Texts and the Borobudur Reliefs.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 29 (3): 533–558.

Jaini, Padmanabh S. 1979. “On the Buddha Image.” In Studies in Pali and Buddhism: A Memorial Volume in Honor of Bhikkhu Jagdish Kashyap, edited by A. K. Narain, 183–188. Delhi: B. R. Publishing.

Janet, Pierre. 1928. L’Evolution de la memoire et de la notion du temps. Paris: A. Chahine.

Jātaka. Edition: See Fausbøll 1877–1896. Translation: See Cowell et al. 1990.

Jay, Martin. 1994. Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Jayatilleke, K. N. 1963. Early Buddhist Theory of Knowledge. London: George Allen and Unwin.

Jayawickrama, N. A., ed. and trans. 1971. The Chronicle of the Thūpa and the Thūpavaṃsa, Being a Translation and Edition of Vācissaratthera’s Thūpavaṃsa. London: Luzac and Company.

Jayawickrama, N. A., ed. 1974. Buddhavaṃsa. London: Pali Text Society.

Jhala, Jayasinhji. 1997. “Speculations on the Concept of Indic Frontality Prompted by Questions on Portraiture.” Visual Anthropology 10:49–66.

Jñānaprasthānaśāstra of Kātyāyanīputra. Translation (Sanskrit). See S. B. Sastri 1955.

Johnson, Richard. 1986. “What Is Cultural Studies Anyway?” Social Text 16:38–80.

Jones, J. J., trans. 1949. Mahāvastu Avadāna. 3 volumes. London: Luzac and Company.

Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyana. Edition: See Dwivedi 1999. Translation: See Doniger and Kakar 2002.

Kane, P. V. 1930–1962. History of Dharmaśāstra. 5 volumes. Pune: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute.

Kane, P. V., ed. 1962. Uttararāmacarita, with the Commentary of Ghanaśyāma and with Notes and Introduction. Includes a translation by C. N. Joshi. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Kangle, R. P., ed. and trans. 1960–1965. The Kauṭilīya Arthaśāstra. 3 volumes. Bombay: University of Bombay.

Kapur, Anuradha. 1993. “Deity to Crusader: The Changing Iconography of Ram.” In Hindus and Others: The Question of Identity in India Today, edited by Gyanendra Pandey, 74–109. Delhi: Viking Publishers.

Kathāvatthu. Edition: See Taylor 1894–1897. Translation: See Aung and Rhys Davids 1979.

Kaza, Stephanie, ed. 2005. Hooked! Buddhist Writings on Greed, Desire, and the Urge to Consume. Boston and London: Shambhala.

Keenan, John P. 1989. “Spontaneity in Western Martial Arts: A Yogācāra Critique of Mushin (No-Mind).” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 16 (4): 285–298.

Keenan, John P. 1990. “The Mystique of Martial Arts: A Response to Professor McFarlane.” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 17 (4): 421–432.

Kemper, Steven. 2001. Buying and Believing: Sri Lankan Advertising and Consumers in a Transnational World. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

(p.296) Kern, H. 1896. Manual of Indian Buddhism. Strassburg: Verlag Von Karl J. Trübner.

Khare, R. S. 1976. The Hindu Hearth and Home. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Khare, R. S., ed. 1992. The Eternal Food. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Kinnard, Jacob. 1999. Imaging Wisdom: Seeing and Knowing in the Art of Indian Buddhism. Surrey: Curzon Press.

Kinnard, Jacob. 2000. “The Polyvalent Pādas of Viṣṇu and the Buddha.” History of Religions 40 (1): 32–57.

Kirn, Walter. 2001. Up in the Air. New York: Doubleday.

Klaus, Konrad, ed. and trans. 1983. Das Maitrakanyakāvadāna (Divyāvadāna 38). Indica et Tibetica, band 2. Bonn: Indica et Tibetica Verlag.

Klima, Alan. 2004. “Thai Love Thai: Financing Emotion in Post-Crash Thailand.” Ethnos 69 (4): 445–464.

Kloetzli, W. Randolph. 1997 (1983). Buddhist Cosmology: Science and Theology in the Images of Motion and Light. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Knipe, David. 1977. “Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa: The Hindu Rite of Entry into Heaven.” In Religious Encounters with Death, edited by Frank Reynolds and E. H. Waught, 111–124. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Köhler, Hans-Werbin. 1973. Śrad-dhā in der vedischen und altbuddhistischen Literatur. Weisbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag.

Kosambi, D. D., ed. 2000. The Epigrams Attributed to Bhartṛhari. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.

Kuhn, Annette. 1985. The Power of the Image: Essays on Representation and Sexuality. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Kulick, Don, and Christopher Stroud. 1990. “Christianity, Cargo and Ideas of Self: Patterns of Literacy in a Papua New Guinean Village.” Man (new series) 25:286–304.

Lamotte, Étienne. 1949–1980. Le traité de la grande vertu de sagesse de Nāgārjuna (Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra). 5 volumes. Publications de l’Institut Orientaliste de Louvain 25, 26, 2, 12, 14. Louvain-la-neuve: Institut Orientaliste.

Lamotte, Étienne. 1988. History of Indian Buddhism from the Origins to the Śaka Era. Translated by Sara Webb-Boin. Louvain-la-Neuve: Institut Orientaliste. Original French edition published in Louvain, 1958.

Lancaster, Lewis R. 1974. “An Early Mahāyāna Sermon about the Body of the Buddha and the Making of Images.” Artibus Asiae 36:287–291.

Landsberg, G., and C. A. F. Rhys Davids, eds. 1914. Puggalapaññatti-aṭṭhakathā. London: Pali Text Society.

La Vallée Poussin, Louis de. 1908. “Faith and Reason in Buddhism.” Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions, vol. 2, edited by P. S. Allen and J. de M. Johnson, 32–42. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

La Vallée Poussin, Louis de. trans. 1923–1931. L’Abhidharmakośa de Vasubandhu. 6 volumes. Paris.

Law, Bimala Churn. 1976. Historical Geography of Ancient India. Delhi: Ess Ess Publications.

Law, Narendra Nath. 1925. Studies in Indian History and Culture. London: Luzac and Company.

(p.297) Legge, James. 1965 (1886). A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms. New York: Paragon Book Reprint Corporation.

Lenz, Timothy. 2003. A New Version of the Gāndhārī Dharmapada and a Collection of Previous-Birth Stories: British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments 16 1 25. With contributions by Andrew Glass and Bhikshu Dharmamitra. Gandhāran Buddhist Texts, vol. 3. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press.

Lévi, Sylvain. 1908. “Sur la récitation primitive des textes bouddhiques.” Journal Asiatique 5:401–447.

Lévi, Sylvain, and Edouard Chavannes. 1916. “Les seize arhat protecteurs de la loi.” Journal Asiatique 8:205–275.

Lewis, Todd. 1994. “Contributions to the History of Buddhist Ritualism: A Mahāyāna Avadāna on Caitya Veneration from the Kathmandu Valley.” Journal of Asian History 28:1–38.

Lilley, M. E., ed. 1925–27. Apadāna. 2 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Liu, Xinru. 1988. Ancient India and Ancient China: Trade and Religious Exchanges A.D. 1600. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Long, D. Stephen. 2000. Divine Economy: Theology and the Market. London and New York: Routledge.

Lopez, Donald S. 1995. “Authority and Orality in the Mahāyāna.” Numen 20:21–47.

Losche, Diane. 1995. “The Sepik Gaze: Iconographic Interpretation of Abelam Form.” Social Analysis 38:47–60.

Loy, David. 1997. “Religion of the Market.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 65 (2): 275–290.

Lüders, Heinrich. 1940. “Weitere Beiträge zur Geschichte und Geographie von Osturrkestan.” Philologica Indica. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.

Lüders, Heinrich, ed. 1963. Bharhut Inscriptions. Revised and supplemented by E. Waldschmidt and M. A. Mehandale. Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum, vol. 2, part 2. Ootacamund: Government Epigraphist for India.

Ludowyk-Gyomroi, Edith. 1943. “Note on the Interpretation of ‘Pasīdatī.’” University of Ceylon Review 1 (1): 74–82.

Ludowyk-Gyomroi, Edith. 1947. “The Valuation of Saddhā in Early Buddhist Texts.” University of Ceylon Review 5 (2): 32–49.

Lutgendorf, Philip. 1995. “All in the (Raghu) Family: A Video Epic in Cultural Context.” In Media and the Transformation of Religion in South Asia, edited by Lawrence A. Babb and Susan W. Wadley, 217–253. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Lutz, Catherine. 1990. “Engendered Emotion: Gender, Power and the Rhetoric of Emotional Control in American Discourse.” In Language and the Politics of Emotion, edited by Catherine A. Lutz and Lila Abu-Lughod, 69–91. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

MacGregor, Geddes. 1987. “Doubt and Faith.” In The Encyclopedia of Religion, vol. 5, edited by Charles J. Adams et al., 424–430. Mircea Eliade, editor in chief. New York: Macmillan.

MacKinnon, Catherine. 1993. Only Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Mahābhārata. Edition: See Sukthankar et al. 1933–1959.

(p.298) Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra. Edition and translation: See Waldschmidt 1951.

Mahāvyutpatti. Edition: See Ishihama and Fukuda 1989.

Mahmood, Saba. 2005. Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Mair, Victor H. 1988. Painting and Performance: Chinese Picture Recitation and Its Indian Genesis. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Majjhima-nikāya. Edition: See Trenckner and Chalmers 1888–1889. Translation: See Ñāṇamoli and Bodhi 1995.

Majmudar, N. G. 1987. A Guide to the Sculptures in the Indian Musuem: Part 1, Early Indian Schools. Patna: Eastern Book House.

Malalasekera, G. P. 1995 (1938). Dictionary of Pali Proper Names. 2 volumes. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.

Mankekar, Purnima. 1999. Screening Culture, Viewing Politics: An Ethnography of Television, Womanhood, and Nation in Postcolonial India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Manorathapūraṇī. Edition: See Walleser and Kopp 1924–1957.

Manusmṛti (Mānavadharmaśāstra). Edition: See J. L. Sastri 1983b. Translation: See Doniger and Smith 1991.

Marouzeau, Jules. 1911. “Sur les formes et l’emploi du verbe ‘etre’ dans le Divyāvadāna.” In Melanges d’Indianisme: offerts par ses élèves à Sylvain Lévi, 151–158. Paris: E. Leroux.

Marriott, McKim. 1976. “Hindu Transactions: Diversity without Dualism.” In Transaction and Meaning: Directions in the Anthropology of Exchange and Symbolic Behavior, edited by Bruce Kapferer, 109–142. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues.

Masefield, Peter, trans. 1994a. The Udāna. Oxford: Pali Text Society.

Masefield, Peter, trans. 1994b. The Udāna-aṭṭhakathā. 2 volumes. Oxford: Pali Text Society.

Matsumura, Hisashi. 1985. “The Stūpa Worship in Ancient Gilgit.” Journal of Central Asia 8 (2): 133–151.

Maung Tin, Pe, trans. 1920–1922. The Expositor (Aṭṭhasālinī). 2 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Mauss, Marcel. 1990 (1950). The Gift. Translated by W. D. Halls. London: W. W. Norton.

Mazzarella, William. 2003. Shoveling Smoke: Advertising and Globalization in Contemporary India. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

McDermott, James P. 1980. “Karma and Rebirth in Early Buddhism.” In Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions, edited by Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty, 165–192. Berkeley: University of California Press.

McFarlane, Stewart. 1990. “Mushin, Morals, and Martial Arts: A Discussion of Keenan’s Yogācāra Critique.” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 17 (4): 397–420.

McFarlane, Stewart. 1991. “The Mystique of Martial Arts: A Reply to Professor Keenan’s Response.” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 18 (4): 355–368.

McMahan, David. 1998. “Orality, Writing, and Authority in South Asian Buddhism: Visionary Literature and the Struggle for Legitimacy in the Mahāyāna.” History of Religions 37 (3): 249–274.

(p.299) McMahan, David. 2002. Empty Vision: Metaphor and Visionary Imagery in Mahāyāna Buddhism. London: RoutledgeCurzon.

Meister, Michael W. 1995. “Seeing and Knowing: Semiology, Semiotics and the Art of India.” In Los Discursos sobre el Arte, edición a cargo de Juana Gutiérrez Haces, 193–207. XV Coloquio Internacional de Historia del Arte. Ciudad México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas).

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. 1964. The Primacy of Perception: And Other Essays on Phenomenological Psychology, the Philosophy of Art, History and Politics. Edited with an introduction by James M. Edie. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.

Milindapañha. Edition: See Trenckner 1880. Translation: See Horner 1969.

Miller, Vincent J. 2004. Consuming Religion: Christian Faith and Practice in a Consumer Culture. New York: Continuum.

Mirashi, Vasudev Vishnu. 1981. The History and Inscriptions of the Sātavāhanas and the Western Kshatrapas. Bombay: Maharashtra State Board for Literature and Culture.

Mishra, Kameshwar Nath. 1993. Aspects of Buddhist Sanskrit. Sarnath, Varanasi: Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies.

Mitchell, W. J. T. 1994. Picture Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mitra, Rajendralal. 1981 (1882). The Sanskrit Buddhist Literature of Nepal. New Delhi: Cosmo Publications.

Mitra, Rajendralal, trans. 1998 (1881–1886). The Lalita Vistara. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications.

Moerman, D. Max. 2005. Localizing Paradise: Kumano Pilgrimage and the Religious Landscape of Premodern Japan. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, distributed by Harvard University Press.

Monier-Williams, Monier. 1990 (1899). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Morgan, David. 1998. Visual Piety: A History and Theory of Popular Religious Images. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Morris, R., and E. Hardy, eds. 1885–1900. Aṇguttara-nikāya. 5 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Mrozik, Susanne Petra. 2006. “Materializations of Virtue: Buddhist Discourses on Bodies.” In Bodily Citations: Religion and Judith Butler, edited by Ellen T. Armour and Susan M. St. Ville, 15–47. New York: Columbia University Press.

Mrozik, Susanne Petra. 2007. Virtuous Bodies: The Physical Dimensions of Morality in Buddhist Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mukhopadhyaya, Sujitkumar, ed. 1954. Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. Santiniketan: Visvabharati.

Mukhopadhyaya, Sujitkumar, ed. 1963. The Aśokāvadāna: Sanskrit Text Compared with Chinese Versions. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.

Muller, E., ed. 1979. Aṭṭhasālinī. London: Pali Text Society.

Munn, Nancy. 1973. Walbiri Iconography: Graphic Representation and Cultural Symbolism in a Central Australian Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mus, Paul. 1935. Barabadur: Esquisse d’une histoire du Bouddhisme fondée sur las critique archéologique des textes. Hanoi: Imprimerie d’Extrême Orient.

Nagar, Shanti Lal. 1993. Jātakas in Indian Art. Delhi: Parimal Publications.

(p.300) Ñāṇamoli, Bhikkhu, trans. 1960. The Minor Readings (Khuddakapāṭha). London: Pali Text Society.

Ñāṇamoli, Bhikkhu. 1963. “Does Saddhā Mean Faith? parts 1 and 2.” Wheel 52/53:11–31.

Ñāṇamoli, Bhikkhu, trans. 1979. The Path of Purification (Visuddhimagga) of Buddhaghosa. Kandy, Sri Lanka: Buddhist Publication Society.

Ñāṇamoli, Bhikku, and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans. 1995. The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A New Translation of the Majjhima Nikāya. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Nanayakkara, S. K. 1984. “Confidence.” In Encyclopaedia of Buddhism, vol. 4. Colombo: Government of Sri Lanka.

Nandaratana, Kamburupitiya, ed. 1984. Dhātuvaṃsa. Colombo: Cultural Publications.

Narayan, Kirin. 1989. Storytellers, Saints, and Scoundrels: Folk Narrative in Hindu Religious Teaching. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Nelson, Robert H. 2002. Economics as Religion: From Samuelson to Chicago and Beyond. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Nirukta of Yāska. Edition: See Bhadkamkar 1942.

Nobel, Johannes. 1955. Udrāyaṇa, König von Roruka; eine buddhistische Erzählung, vols. 1–2. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz.

Norman, H. C., ed. 1906–1914. Dhammapada-aṭṭhakathā. London: Pali Text Society.

Norman, K. R., trans. 1971. The EldersVerses II: Therīgāthā. London: Pali Text Society.

Norman, K. R.. 1979. “Dhammapada 97: A Misunderstood Paradox.” Indologica Taurinensia 7:325–331.

Oguibenine, B. 1982. “La dakṣiṇā dans le Ṛgveda et le transfert de mérite dans le bouddhisme.” In Indological and Buddhist Studies: Volume in Honour of Professor J. W. de Jong on his Sixtieth Birthday, edited by L. A. Hercus et al., 393–414. Delhi: Sri Satguru.

O’Hanlon, Michael. 1993. Paradise: Portraying the New Guinea Highlands. London: British Musuem Press.

Ohnuma, Reiko. 2000. “The Story of Rupavati: A Female Past Birth of the Buddha.” Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 23 (1): 103–145.

Ohnuma, Reiko, trans. 2004. “A King Gives Away His Head.” In Buddhist Scriptures, edited by Donald S. Lopez, 142–158. London and New York: Penguin Books.

Ohnuma, Reiko. 2007. Head, Eyes, Flesh, and Blood: Giving Away the Body in Indian Buddhist Literature. New York: Columbia University Press.

Oldenberg, H., ed. 1879–1883. Vinayapiṭaka. London: Pali Text Society.

Oldenberg, H. 1896. “Vedische Untersuchungen.” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 50:432–462.

Oldenberg, H., and R. Pischel, eds. 1966. Theragāthā and Therīgāthā. 2nd edition. London: Pali Text Society.

Olivelle, Patrick, ed. and trans. 1998. The Early Upaniṣads: Annotated Text and Translation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ong, Walter J. 1967. The Presence of the Word: Some Prolegomena for Cultural and Religious History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Ong, Walter J. 1982. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. New York: Metheun.

Östör, Ákos. 1980. The Play of the Gods: Locality, Ideology, Structure, and Time in the Festivals of a Bengali Town. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(p.301) Panglung, Jampa Losang. 1981. Die Erzählstoffe des Mūlasarvāstivāda-Vinaya Analysiert auf Grund der Tibetischen Übersetzung. Tokyo: The Reiyukai Library.

Panoli, Vidyavachaspati V., ed. and trans. 1991. Upanishads in Sankara’s Own Words (Chhandogya), vol. 3. Calicut: The Mathrubhumi Printing and Publishing Company.

Paramatthajotikā I of Buddhaghosa. Edition: See Smith 1959.

Park, Sung Bae. 1983. Buddhist Faith and Sudden Enlightenment. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Parry, Jonathan. 1982. “Sacrificial Death and the Necrophagous Ascetic.” In Death and the Regenation of Life, edited by Maurice Bloch and Jonathan Parry, 74–110. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Parry, Jonathan. 1985. “The Brahmanical Tradition and the Technology of the Intellect.” In Reason and Morality, edited by Joanna Overing, 200–225. London and New York: Tavistock Publications.

Payutto, Phra Prayudh. 1995. Buddhadhamma: Natural Laws and Values for Life. Translated by Grant A. Olson. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Payutto, Phra Prayudh. 1994. Buddhist Economics: A Middle Way for the Market Place. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Bangkok: Buddhadhamma Foundation.

Pelikan, Jaroslav. 1987. “Faith.” In The Encyclopedia of Religion, vol. 5, edited by Charles J. Adams et al., 250–255. Mircea Eliade, editor in chief. New York: Macmillan.

Pendse, G. S. 1978. The Vedic Concept of Śraddhā. Pune: Three Angels Memorial Trust.

Pinkney, Andrea. 2008. “The Sacred Share: Prasāda in South Asia.” PhD diss., Columbia University.

Pinney, Christopher. 1997a. Camera Indica: The Social Life of Indian Photographs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Pinney, Christopher. 1997b. “The Nation (Un)pictured? Chromolithography and ‘Popular’ Politics in India, 1878–1995.” Critical Inquiry 23:834–867.

Pinney, Christopher. 2001. “Piercing the Skin of the Idol.” In Beyond Aesthetics: Art and the Technologies of Enchantment, edited by Christopher Pinney and Nicholas Thomas, 157–179. Oxford and New York: Berg.

Pinney, Christopher. 2002. “The Indian Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction: Or, What Happens when Peasants ‘Get Hold’ of Images.” In Media Worlds: Anthropology on the New Terrain, edited by Faye Ginsburg, Lila Abu-Lughod, and Brian Larkin, 355–369. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Pinney, Christopher. 2004. “Photos of the Gods: The Printed Image and Political Struggle in India. New Delhi and New York: Oxford University Press.

Pinney, Christopher, and Nicolas Peterson, eds. 2003. Photography’s Other Histories. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Pischel, R., and G. Bühler, eds. 1880. The Deśīnāmamālā of Hemachandra. Bombay Sanskrit and Prakrit Series, vol. 17. Bombay: Government Central Book Depot.

Pollock, Sheldon. 1996. “The Sanskrit Cosmopolis, 300–1300: Transculturation, Vernacularization, and the Question of Ideology.” In The Ideology and Status of Sanskrit, edited by Jan E. M. Houben, 197–247. Leiden: Brill.

Pollock, Sheldon. 1998. “Bhoja’s Śṛṇgāraprakāśa and the Problem of Rasa: A Historical Introduction and Annotated Translation.” Asiatische Studien Études Asiatiques 52 (1): 117–192.

(p.302) Pollock, Sheldon. 2006. The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Sanskrit, Culture, and Power in Premodern India. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Poole, Deborah. 1997. Vision, Race, and Modernity: A Visual Economy of the Andean Image World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Prakash, Shyam. 1970. Divyāvadān meṃ saṃskṛti ka svarūpa [“The Formation of Culture in the Divyāvadāna”]. Agra: Pragati Prakashan.

Prakrit Dhammapada. Edition and translation: See Bhaskar 1990.

Puggalapaññatti-aṭṭhakathā. Edition: See Landsberg and Rhys Davids 1914.

Pynchon, Thomas. 1976. Gravity’s Rainbow. New York: Bantam.

Raducha, Joan Anastasia. 1982. “Iconography of Buddhist Relief Scenes from Kushan Mathura.” PhD diss., University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Raheja, Gloria. 1988. The Poison in the Gift: Ritual, Prestation, and the Dominant Caste in a North Indian Village. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rahula, Walpola. 1956. History of Buddhism in Ceylon. Colombo: M. D. Gunasena.

Rahula, Walpola. 1971. Le compendium de la super-doctrine (Abhidharmasamuccaya) d’Asanga. Paris: École française d’Extrême-Orient.

Rajagopal, Arvind. 2001. Politics after Television: Religious Nationalism and the Reshaping of the Indian Public. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ramanujan, A. K. 1991. “Toward a Counter-System: Women’s Tales.” In Gender, Genre, and Power in South Asian Expressive Traditions, edited by Arjun Appadurai, Frank J. Korom, and Margaret A. Mills, 33–55. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Ramaswamy, Sumathi, ed. 2003. Beyond Appearances? Visual Practices and Ideologies in Modern India. Contributions to Indian Sociology, Occasional Studies, 10. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Rao, K. L. Seshagiri. 1974. The Concept of Śraddhā (in the Brāhmaṇas, Upaniṣads and the Gītā). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Ratnamālāvadāna. Edition: See Takahata 1954.

Ray, Reginald. A. 1994. Buddhist Saints in India: A Study in Buddhist Values and Orientations. New York: Oxford University Press.

Reynolds, Frank. E. 1972. “The Two Wheels of Dhamma: A Study of Early Buddhism.” In The Two Wheels of Dhamma: Essays on the Theravāda Tradition in India and Ceylon, edited by Bardwell L. Smith, 6–30. Chambersburg, PA: American Academy of Religion.

Reynolds, Frank. E. 1977. “The Several Bodies of the Buddha: Reflections on a Neglected Aspect of Theravāda Tradition.” History of Religions 16:374–389.

Rhys Davids, C. A. F., trans. 1900. A Buddhist Manual of Psychological Ethics (Dhamma-saṇgaṇi). London: Royal Asiatic Society.

Rhys Davids, C. A. F., trans. 1909. Psalms of the Early Buddhists: II. Psalms of the Brethren (Theragāthā). London: Pali Text Society.

Rhys Davids, T. W., and J. E. Carpenter, eds. 1890–1911. Dīgha-nikāya. London: Pali Text Society.

Rhys Davids, T. W., J. E. Carpenter, and William Stede, eds. 1886–1932. Sumaṇgalavilāsinī. London: Pali Text Society.

(p.303) Rhys Davids, T. W., and H. Oldenberg, trans. 1987 (1882–1885). Vinaya Texts (Vinayapiṭaka). 3 volumes. Delhi: AVF Books.

Rhys Davids, T. W., and William Stede. 1986 (1921–25). The Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary. London: Pali Text Society.

Robbins, Joel. 2004. Becoming Sinners: Christianity and Moral Torment in a Papua New Guinea Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Rongxi, Li, trans. 1996. The Great Tang Dynasty Record of the Western Regions. Translated by the Tripiṭaka-Master Xuanzang under Imperial Order; Composed by Śramaṇa Bianji of the Great Zongchi Monastery. Berkeley: Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research.

Rotman, Andy. 2003a. “Monks, Merchants, and a Moral Economy: Visual Culture and the Practice of Faith in the Divyāvadāna.” PhD diss., University of Chicago.

Rotman, Andy. 2003b. “The Erotics of Practice: Objects and Agency in Buddhist Avadāna Literature.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 71 (3): 555–578.

Rotman, Andy. 2008. Divine Stories: Divyāvadāna, Part 1. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Rotman, Andy. forthcoming a. “The Power of Proximity: Creating and Venerating Shrines in Indian Buddhist Narratives.” In Buddhist Stūpas in South Asia: Recent Archaeological, Art-Historical, and Historical Perspectives, edited by Jason Hawkes and Akira Shimada. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Rotman, Andy. forthcoming b. Divine Stories: Divyāvadāna, Part 2. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Roy, Sitaram, ed. and trans. 1971. Suvarṇavarṇāvadāna. Historical Research Series, vol. 7. Patna: K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute.

Ryan, James. 1997. Picturing Empire: Photography and Visualization of the British Empire. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra. Edition: See Dutt 1986. Translation: See Hurvitz 1976.

Saddhatissa, H. 1970. Buddhist Ethics: Essence of Buddhism. London: George Allen and Unwin.

Saddhatissa, H. 1978. “The Saddhā Concept in Buddhism.” The Eastern Buddhist (New Series) (Tokyo) 11 (2): 137.

Sahlins, Marshall. 1972. Stone Age Economics. New York: Aldine and De Gruyter.

Saibaba, V. V. S. 2005. Faith and Devotion in Theravāda Buddhism. Emerging Perceptions in Buddhist Studies, no. 20. New Delhi: D. K. Printworld.

Salomon, Richard. 1999. Ancient Buddhist Scrolls from Gandhāra: The British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Samtani, N. H., ed. 1971. The Arthaviniścaya-Sūtra and Its Commentary (Nibandhana), written by Bhikṣu Vīryaśrīdatta of Śri-Nālandāvihāra. Foreward by P. V. Bapat. Patna: K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute.

Saṃyutta-nikāya. Edition: See Féer 1884–1898. Translation: See Bodhi 2000.

Sanford, A. Whitney. 2002. “Painting Words, Tasting Sound: Visions of Krishna in Paramanand’s Sixteenth-Century Devotional Poetry.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 70 (1): 55–82.

Saṇghabhedavastu. Edition: See Gnoli 1977–1978.

Sarkar, Sadhanchandra. 1981. A Study on the Jātakas and the Avadānas: Critical and Comparative, part 1. Calcutta: Sarkar and Sucharita Sengupta.

(p.304) Sarkar, Sadhanchandra. 1990. Studies in the Common Jātaka and Avadāna Tales. Calcutta: Sanskrit College.

Sastri, Dwarikadas, ed. 1987. Abhidharmakośa and Bhāṣya of Ācārya Vasubandhu with Sphuṭārthā Commentary of Ācārya Yaśomitra. 2 volumes. Bauddha Bharati Series, nos. 5–8. Varanasi: Bauddha Bharati.

Sastri, Haragovinda, ed. and trans. 1982. Nāmaliṇgānuśāsana or Amarakośa of Amarasiṃha with the Rāmāśramī (Vyākhyāsudhā) Commentary or Bhānuji Dīkṣita (Rāmāśrama). Varanasi: Chaukambha Sanskrit Sansthan.

Sastri, J. L., ed. 1983a. Śrīmadbhāgavatapurāṇa. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Sastri, J. L., ed. 1983b. Manusmṛti. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Sastri, Nilakantha. 1945. Gleanings on Social Life from the Avadānas. Calcutta: Indian Research Institute Publications.

Sastri, Santi Bhiksu, trans. 1955. Jñānaprasthānaśāstra of Kātyāyanīputra: Retranslated into Sanskrit from Chinese Version of Hiuan Tsang. Santiniketan: Visvabharati.

Śayanāsanavastu. Edition: See Gnoli 1978.

Schiefner, F. Anton von. 1893. Tibetan Tales. Translated from the German by W. R. S. Ralston. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner and Company.

Schopen, Gregory. 1975. “The Phrase ‘sa pṛthivīpradeśa caityabhūto bhavet’ in the Vajracchedikā: Notes on the Cult of the Book in Mahāyāna.” Indo-Iranian Journal 17:147–181.

Schopen, Gregory. 1994a. “Doing Business for the Lord: Lending on Interest and Written Loan Contracts in the Mūlasarvāstivāda-vinaya.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (4): 527–554.

Schopen, Gregory. 1994b. “Ritual Rights and Bones of Contention: More on Monastic Funerals and Relics in the Mūlasarvāstivāda-vinaya.” Journal of Indian Philosophy 22:31–80.

Schopen, Gregory. 1995. “Monastic Law Meets the Real World: A Monk’s Continuing Right to Inherit Property in Classical India.” History of Religions 35 (2): 101–123.

Schopen, Gregory. 1996. “The Lay Ownership of Monasteries and the Role of the Monk in Mūlasārvāstivādin Monasticism.” Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 19 (1): 81–126.

Schopen, Gregory. 1997. Bones, Stones, and Buddhist Monks: Collected Papers on the Archaeology, Epigraphy, and Texts of Monastic Buddhism in India. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Schopen, Gregory. 1999. “The Bones of a Buddha and the Business of a Monk: Conservative Monastic Values in an Early Mahāyāna Polemical Tract.” Journal of Indian Philosophy 27 (4): 279–324.

Schopen, Gregory. 2004. Buddhist Monks and Business Matters: Still More Papers on Monastic Buddhism in India. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Schopen, Gregory. 2005. “Taking the Bodhisattva into Town: More Texts on the Image of ‘the Bodhisattva’ and Image Processions in the Mūlasarvāstivāda-vinaya.” East and West 55 (1–4): 299–311.

Scott, David. 1991. “The Cultural Poetics of Eyesight in Sri Lanka.” Dialectical Anthropology 16:85–102.

Sedgwick, P. H. 1999. The Market Economy and Christian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

(p.305) Senart, Emile, ed. 1977 (1882–1897). Le Mahāvastu: texte sanscrit publié, pour la première fois et accompagné d’introductions et d’un commentaire. 3 volumes. Tokyo: Meicho-Fukyu-Kai.

Shackleton Bailey, D. R. 1950. “Notes on the Divyāvadāna, part 1.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society: 161–184.

Shackleton Bailey, D. R. 1951. “Notes on the Divyāvadāna, part 2.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society: 82–102.

Sharf, Robert H. 1995. “Buddhist Modernism and the Rhetoric of Meditative Experience.” Numen 42 (3): 228–283.

Sharma, R. C. 1987. Gandhara Sculpture: Album of Art Treasures, series two. Calcutta: Indian Museum.

Sharma, Sharmistha. 1975. “Meaning, Origin and the Development of the Avadānas.” Buddhist Studies (Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi) 2:28–33.

Sharma, Sharmistha. 1985. Buddhist Avadānas: Socio-Political Economic and Cultural Study. Delhi: Eastern Book Linkers.

Sharma, Sharmistha. 1992. Astrological Lore in the Buddhist Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. Delhi: Eastern Book Linkers.

Shih, Hsio-Yen. 1993. “Readings and Re-Readings of Narrative in Dunhuang Murals.” Artibus Asiae 53 (1): 59–88.

Shukla, N. S., ed. 1979. The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dharmapada. Patna: K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute.

Śikṣāsamuccaya of Śāntideva. Edtion. See Bendall 1897–1902. Translation: See Bendall and Rouse 1971.

Simmel, Georg. 1979. The Philosophy of Money. London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Sizemore, Russell F., and Donald K. Swearer, eds. 1992. Ethics, Wealth, and Salvation: A Study in Buddhist Social Ethics. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

Smith, Helmer, ed. 1959. The Khuddaka-Pāṭha Together with Its Commentary (Paramatthajotikā I). London: Pali Text Society.

Smith, John D. 1977. “The Singer or the Song? A Reassessment of Lord’s ‘Oral Theory.’” Man 12:141–153.

Smith, Wilfred Cantwell. 1979. Faith and Belief. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sontag, Susan. 1966. “Against Interpretation.” In Against Interpretation, and Other Essays, 3–14. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Southwold, Martin. 1979. “Religious Belief.” Man 14 (4): 628–644.

Speyer, J. S. 1902. “Critical Remarks on the Text Divyāvadāna.” Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgänlandes 16:103–130, 340–361.

Speyer, J. S., trans. 1906. Avadānaśataka: A Century of Edifying Tales Belonging to the Hīnayāna. St. Pétersbourg: Commissionnaires de l’Académie impériale des sciences.

Spiro, Melford. 1970. Buddhism and Society. New York: Harper and Row.

Srivatsin, R. 2000. Conditions of Visibility: Writings on Photography in Contemporary India. Calcutta: Stree Publishers.

(p.306) Steinthal, P., ed. 1885. Udāna. London: Pali Text Society.

Stietencron, Heinrich von. 1977. “Orthodox Attitudes Towards Temple Service and Image Worship in Ancient India.” Central Asiatic Journal 21:126–138.

Strathern, Marilyn. 1990. “Artefacts of History: Events and the Interpretation of Images.” In Culture and History in the Pacific, edited by Jukka Siikala, 25–44. Helsinki: Suomen Antropologinen Seura.

Street, Brian V. 1984. Literacy in Theory and Practice. Cambridge Studies in Oral and Literate Culture, 9. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Strong, John. 1979a. “The Transforming Gift: An Analysis of Devotional Acts of Offering in Buddhist Avadāna Literature.” History of Religions 18:221–37.

Strong, John. 1979b. “The Legend of the Lion-Roarer: A Study of the Buddhist Arhat Piṇḍola Bhāradvāja.” Numen 26 (1): 50–88.

Strong, John. 1985. “The Buddhist Avadānists and the Elder Upagupta.” In Tantric and Taoist Studies in Honour of R. A. Stein, edited by Michel Strickmann. Mélanges chinois et bouddhiques, vol. 22, iii, 862–881. Brussels: Institut Belge des Hautes Études Chinoises.

Strong, John, trans. 1989. The Legend of King Aśoka (Aśokāvadāna). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Strong, John. 1990. “Rich Man, Poor Man, Bhikkhu, King: Aśoka’s Great Quinquennial Festival and the Nature of Dāna.” In Ethics, Wealth, and Salvation: A Study in Buddhist Social Ethics, edited by Russell F. Sizemore and Donald K. Swearer, 107–123. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

Strong, John. 1992. The Legend and Cult of Upagupta: Sanskrit Buddhism in North India and Southeast Asia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Strong, John. 1999. “Relics of Previous Buddhas: The Case of the Stūpa of Kāśyapa at Toyikā.” Presented at the 12th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Strong, John. 2004. Relics of the Buddha. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Sukthankar, Vishnu S. et al., eds. 1933–1959. Mahābhārata. Pune: Bhandarkar Institute.

Suleiman, Susan Rubin. 1993. Authoritarian Fictions: The Ideological Novel as a Literary Genre. 2nd edition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sumaṇgalavilāsinī. Edition: See Rhys Davids, Carpenter, and Stede 1886–1932.

Takahata, Kanga, ed. 1954. Ratnamālāvadāna. Oriental Library Series D, vol. 3. Tokyo: Toyo Bunko.

Tatelman, Joel. 2000. The Glorious Deeds of Pūrṇa: A Translation and Study of the Pūrṇāvadāna. Critical Studies in Buddhism, no. 9. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press.

Tatelman, Joel, ed. and trans. 2005. The Heavenly Exploits: Buddhist Biographies from the Divyāvadāna, vol. 1. New York: New York University Press and JJC Foundation.

Tatia, Nathmal, ed. 1976. Abhidharmasamuccayabhāṣya. Tibetan-Sanskrit Works Series, no. 17. Patna: K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute.

Taylor, A. C., ed. 1894–1897. Kathāvatthu. 2 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Taylor, Mark C. 1999. About Religion: Economies of Faith in Virtual Culture. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

(p.307) Teiser, Stephen F. 2006. Reinventing the Wheel: Paintings of Rebirth in Medieval Buddhist Temples. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Thapar, Romila. 1961. Aśoka and the Decline of the Maurya. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tharchin, Sermey Geshe Lobsang, Judith Chiarelli, et al., trans. 1984. King Udrayana and the Wheel of Life (Rudrāyaṇa-avadāna). Howell, NJ: Mahayana Sutra and Tantra Press.

Theragāthā and Therīgāthā. Edition: See Oldenberg and Pischel 1966. Translation: See Rhys Davids 1909 and Norman 1971.

Theragāthā-aṭṭhakathā of Dhammapāla [5 Paramatthadīpanī V]. Edition: See Woodward 1940–1959.

Thomas, E. J. 1933. “Avadāna and Apadāna.” Indian Historical Quarterly 9:32–36.

Thomas, E. J. 1940. “Note on the Divyāvadāna.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 10:654–656.

Thompson, E. P. 1971. “The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century.” Past and Present 50 (1): 76–136.

Thompson, E. P. 1991. Customs in Common: Studies in Traditional Popular Culture. New York: The New Press.

Thūpavaṃsa. Edition and Translation: See Jayawickrama 1971.

Todorov, Tzvetan. 1990. Genres in Discourse. Translated by Catherine Porter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tomas, David. 1996. Transcultural Space and Transcultural Beings. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Trainor, Kevin. 1989. “Pasanna/pasāda in the Pali Vaṃsa Literature.” Vidyodaya Journal of Social Sciences 3:185–190.

Trainor, Kevin. 1997. Relics, Ritual, and Representation in Buddhism: Rematerializing the Sri Lankan Theravāda Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Trenckner, Vilhelm, ed. 1880. The Milindapañho: Being Dialogues between King Milinda and the Buddhist Sage Nāgasena. London: Williams and Norgate.

Trenckner, Vilhelm, et al. 1924–. A Critical Pali Dictionary. Copenhagen: The Royal Danish Society of Sciences and Letters.

Trenckner, Vilhelm, and Robert Chalmers, eds. 1888–1889. The Majjhima Nikāya. London: Pali Text Society.

Uberoi, Patricia. 1990. “Feminine Identity and National Ethos in Indian Calendar Art.” Economic and Political Weekly (Bombay), vol. 25, no. 17 (Apr 28 1990): WS41–WS48.

Udāna. Edition: See Steinthal 1885. Translation: See Masefield 1994a.

Udāna-aṭṭhakathā of Dhammapāla [5 Paramatthadīpanī I]. Edition: See Woodward 1926. Translation: See Masefield 1994b.

Udānavarga. Edition: See Bernhard 1965.

Upreti, Kalpana. 1995. India as Reflected in the Divyāvadāna. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.

Uttararāmacarita of Bhavabhūti. Edition: See Kane 1962.

Vaidya, P. L., ed. 1959. Divyāvadāna. Buddhist Sanskrit Texts, no. 20. Darbhanga: The Mithila Institute of Post-Graduate Studies and Research in Sanskrit Learning.

(p.308) Vajiranana, Paravahera. 1975. Buddhist Meditation in Theory and Practice. 2nd edition. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Buddhist Missionary Society.

Veyne, Paul. 1990. Bread and Circuses: Historical Sociology and Political Pluralism. Translated by Brian Pearce. London: Penguin Books.

Vigarello, Georges. 1989. “The Upward Training of the Body from the Age of Chivalry to Courtly Civility.” In Fragments for a History of the Human Body, Part Two, edited by M. Feher, 148–197. New York: Zone Books.

Vijayajinendrasurisvaraji. 1984. Naraki Citravali [Pictures of Hell]. Pictures by Pritamalala Harilala Trivedi. Lakhabavala-Santipuri, Gujarat: Sri Harshapushpamrta Jaina Granthamala.

Vinayapiṭaka. Edition: See Oldenberg 1879–1883. Translation: See Rhys Davids and Oldenberg 1987 and Horner 1969–1975.

Vira, Raghu, and Lokesh Chandra, eds. 1995. Gilgit Buddhist Manuscripts. Revised and Enlarged Compact Facsmile Edition. Biblica Indo-Buddhica Series, nos. 150–152. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications.

Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosa. Edition: See Warren 1950. Translation: See Ñāṇamoli 1979.

Vogel, Claus, and Klaus Wille. 1984. “Some Hitherto Unidentified Fragments of the Pravrajyāvastu Portion of the Vinayavastu Manuscript Found New Gilgit.” Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften Göttingen, Philologisch-Historische Klasse, 299–337. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.

Wagner, Roy. 1986a. Asiwinarong: Ethos, Image, and Social Power among the Usen Barok of New Ireland. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Wagner, Roy. 1986b. Symbols that Stand for Themselves. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Wagner, Roy. 1991. “The Fractal Person.” In Big Men and Great Men: Personifications of Power in Melanesia, edited by Marilyn Strathern and Maurice Godelier, 159–173. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Waldschmidt, Ernst, ed. and trans. 1951. Das Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra. Abhandlungen der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 3 volumes. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.

Waldschmidt, Ernst. 1967a. “Zur Śroṇakoṭikarṇa-Legende.” In Vom Ceylon bis Turfan: Schriften zur Geschichte, Literatur, Religion und Kunst des indischen Kulturraumes, 203–225. Göttingen: Vandenhoek and Ruprecht.

Waldschmidt, Ernst. 1967b. “Der Buddha preist die Verehrungswürdigkeit seiner Reliquien. Sondertext I des Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra.” In Vom Ceylon bis Turfan: Schriften zur Geschichte, Literatur, Religion und Kunst des indischen Kulturraumes, 417–427. Göttingen: Vandenhoek and Ruprecht.

Walleser, M., and H. Kopp, eds. 1924–1957. Manorathapūrāṇī. 5 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Walsh, Michael J. 2007. “The Economics of Salvation: Toward a Theory of Exchange in Chinese Buddhism.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 75 (2): 353–382.

Walshe, Maurice, trans. 1987. Thus Have I Heard: The Long Discourses of the Buddha (Dīgha-nikāya). London: Wisdom Publications.

(p.309) Walters, Jonathan. 1997. “Stūpa, Story, and Empire: Constructions of the Buddha Biography in Early Post-Aśokan India.” In Sacred Biography in the Buddhist Traditions of South and Southeast Asia, edited by Juliane Schober, 160–192. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Wang, Eugene Y. 2005. Shaping the Lotus Sutra: Buddhist Visual Culture in Medieval China. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press.

Ware, James R. 1928. “Studies in the Divyāvadāna: I. Sūkarikāvadāna.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 48:159–165.

Ware, James R. 1929. “Studies in the Divyāvadāna: II. Dānādhikāramahāyānasūtra.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 49:40–51.

Ware, James R. 1938. “The Preamble to the Saṃgharakṣitāvadāna.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 3:47–67.

Warren, H. C., ed. 1950. Visuddhimagga. Revised by Dharmananda Kosambi. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Wayman, Alex. 1970. “The Buddhist Theory of Vision.” In AñjaliPapers on Indology and Buddhism: A Felicitation Volume Presented to Oliver Hecot DeAlwis Wijesekera, 27–32. Peradeniya: University of Ceylon. Reprinted in Buddhist Insight: Essays by Alex Wayman, edited by George R. Elder, 153–62. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1984.

Weeraratne, W. G. 1966. “Avadāna.” In Encyclopedia of Buddhism, vol. 2, edited by G. P. Malalasekera, 395–398. Colombo: Government Publications.

Werbner, Pnina, and Helene Basu, eds. 1998. Embodying Charisma, Modernity, Locality and the Performance of Emotion in Sufi Cults. London and New York: Routledge.

Wezler, A. 1997. “On the Gaining of Merit and the Incurring of Demerit through the Agency of Others: 1. Deeds by Proxy.” In Lex et Litterae: Studies in Honour of Professor Oscar Botto, edited by Siegfried Lienhard and Irma Piovano, 567–589. Torino: Edizioni dell ’Orso.

White, J. E. 1983. “Is Buddhist Karmic Theory False?” Religious Studies 19 (2): 223–228.

Wickramagamage, Chandra. 1984. “The Origin of the Buddha Image.” In Buddhist Studies in Honour of Hammalava Saddhatissa, edited by Gatare Dhammapala, Richard Gombrich, and K. R. Norman, 249–255. Nugegoda, Sri Lanka: Hammalava Saddhatissa Felicitation Volume Committee.

Wille, Klaus. 2000. “Fragments of the Aśoka Legend.” In Buddhist Manuscripts in the Schøyen Collection, vol. 1, edited by Jens Braarvig, Jens-Uwe Hartmann, Kazunobu Matsuda, and Lore Sander, 219–232. Oslo: Hermes Publishers.

Williams, Linda. 1989. Hardcore: Power, Pleasure, and theFrenzy of the Visible.” Berkeley: University of California Press.

Wilson, Liz. 2003. “Beggars Can Be Choosers.” In Constituting Communities: Theravāda Buddhism and the Religious Cultures of South and Southeast Asia, edited by John Clifford Holt, Jacob N. Kinnard, and Jonathan S. Walters, 57–70. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Windisch, E., ed. 1975 (1889). Itivuttaka. London: Pali Text Society.

Winternitz, Maurice. 1993. History of Indian Literature, vol. 2, part 1. Translated and revised by Bhaskara Jha. India: Bharatiya Vidya Prakasha. Original German edition published in Leipzig, 1913.

(p.310) Woodward, F. L., trans. 1948. Minor Anthologies of the Pali Canon, vol. II: Udāna (Verses of Uplift) and Itivuttaka (As It Was Said). London: Pali Text Society.

Woodward, F. L., ed. 1926. Paramatthadīpanī: Udāna-aṭṭhakathā (Udāna Commentary) of Dhammapālācariya. London: Pali Text Society.

Woodward, F. L., ed. 1940–1959. Paramatthadīpanī: Theragāthā-aṭṭhakathā (Theragāthā Commentary) of Dhammapālācariya. 3 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Woodward, F. L., and E. M. Hare, trans. 1932–1936. The Book of Gradual Sayings (Aṇguttara-nikāya). 5 volumes. London: Pali Text Society.

Wu Hung. 1992a. “Reborn in Paradise: A Case Study of Dunhuang Sutra Painting and Its Religious, Ritual and Artistic Context.” Orientations: 52–60.

Wu Hung. 1992b. “What Is Bianxiang? On the Relationship between Dunhuang Art and Dunhuang Literature.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 52 (1): 111–192.

Yü, Chün-fang. 1981. The Renewal of Buddhism in China: Chu-hung and the Late Ming Synthesis. New York: Columbia University Press.

Zarrilli, Phillip B. 1995. “Repositioning the Body, Practice, Power, and Self in an Indian Martial Art.” In Consuming Modernity: Public Culture in a South Asian World, edited by Carol A. Breckenridge, 183–215. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Zimmer, Heinrich. 1925. Karman, ein buddhistischer Legendenkranz. Munich: Bruckmann.

Zizek, Slavoj. 2001. On Belief. London and New York: Routledge.

Zwalf, W. 1996. A Catalogue of Gandhāra Sculpture in the British Museum. 2 volumes. London: British Musuem Press.