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From the Clarinet D'Amour to the Contra BassA History of the Large Size Clarinets, 1740-1860$

Albert R. Rice

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195343281

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343281.001.0001

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(p.394) Appendix 2: Extant Alto Clarinets, ca. 1740–1860 (58)

(p.394) Appendix 2: Extant Alto Clarinets, ca. 1740–1860 (58)

Source:
From the Clarinet D'Amour to the Contra Bass
Author(s):

Albert R. Rice

Publisher:
Oxford University Press

THE FOLLOWING IS A LISTING by number of keys and a brief description of alto clarinets, the existence of which I have been able to verify. Length measurements (cm) in brackets indicate the instrument is missing a section or sections. Many of these measure-ments were taken by me; others were taken from published catalogs or sent by curators, private owners, and researchers.

Three Key (8)

  • Anonymous, southern Germany. [67.5], 5 sections, boxwood: mouthpiece (missing), brass crook, right‐ and left‐hand joints, and stock‐bell. Keys: S, A, and E/B key (L4). US‐NY‐New York, 1995.253, Ex Maynard.

  • Anonymous. 5 sections? mouthpiece (missing), brass crook (missing), right‐and left‐hand joints, and stock‐bell (missing). A key (replaced), E/B key (missing). A‐Salzburg, 18/3.

  • Deper, M., Vienna? Stamped “D” (in G?), [74], 5 sections, boxwood: mouthpiece (missing), brass crook (missing), upper and lower joints, and stock‐bell. Swallowtail F/C key, no E/B key. CZ‐Jihlava, Ji‐13/B/22.

  • —. Stamped “D” (in G?), [74], 5 sections, boxwood: mouthpiece (missing), brass crook (missing), upper and lower joints, and stock-bell. Swallowtail F/C key, no E/B key. CZ‐Jihlava, Ji‐13/B/23.

  • Dotzell, I., Southern Germany. In G (A=410), 84.5, 5 sections, plum, horn ferrules: mouthpiece‐barrel, brass crook, upper‐and lower‐hand joints, and stock‐bell. Keys: S, A, and E/B (for either thumb). Alternate 7th tone hole. D‐München‐DM, 292.

  • IAppendix 2: Extant Alto Clarinets, ca. 1740–1860 (58)W [Stinglwagner, Triftern]. In A♭, 6 sections, plum, horn ferrules: mouthpiece, barrel, brass crook, upper and lower joints, and stock‐bell. Alternate 7th tone hole. A‐Salzburg‐C, XVIII/1.

  • — . In A♭ (low pitch), 70, 5 sections of plum, horn ferrules: mouthpiece, brass crook, upper and lower joints, and stock‐bell. Alternate 7th tone hole, E/B lever replaced and lengthened. A‐Salzburg, 18/5.

  • (p.395)
  • “Ioseph/SW/Trifftern” [Stinglwagner, Joseph], Triftern. In A♭ (low pitch), 76, 5 sections, stained boxwood, horn ferrules: mouthpiece, brass crook, upper and lower joints, and stock‐bell. Alternate 7th tone hole. A‐Salzburg, 18/4.

Four Key (6)

  • Anonymous. In G, 77.5, 6 sections, dark plum: mouthpiece, very long barrel, left‐and right‐hand joints, stock, and bell. Keys: S, A, A♭/E♭(with an ornamented flap), and E/B (L4). A‐Salzburg, 18/8.

  • Grundmann, Jakob Friedrich, Dresden, dated 1775. In G (ca. 422 Hz), ca. 84.5, 5 sections, boxwood: mouthpiece (replaced), barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint (replaced), and stock‐bell. Keys: S, A, A♭/♭E, and E/B (L4). F‐Arnouville‐Lès‐Gonesse.

  • Lehner, F. [Friedrich Löhner I], Nuremberg. [63], 5 sections, boxwood: mouthpiece (missing), brass crook, left‐and right‐hand joints, and stock‐bell. A♭/E♭ key. D‐Braunschweig‐S, Ck 112.

  • IAppendix 2: Extant Alto Clarinets, ca. 1740–1860 (58)W [Stinglwagner], Triftern. In A♭, 70, 6 sections, plum, horn mounts: mouthpiece, barrel, brass crook, left‐and right‐hand joints, and stock‐bell. Double‐wing A♭/E♭ key, alternate 7th tone hole. A‐Salzburg, 18/6.

  • — . In A♭, 70, 6 sections, plum, horn mounts: mouthpiece (missing), brass crook (missing), brass crook, left‐ and right‐hand joints, and stock‐bell. Double‐wing A♭/E♭ key, alternate 7th tone hole. A‐Salzburg, 18/7.

  • — . 75.5, 6 sections, pear, horn ferrules: mouthpiece, barrel, brass crook, left‐ and right‐hole joints, and stock‐bell. Double‐wing A♭/E♭ touch, alternate 7th tone hole. D‐Bonn, 152.

Five Keys (4)

  • Anonymous. In G, 82.4, 5 sections, stained boxwood: mouthpiece (missing), barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand section‐stock, and bell. Keys: S, A, A♭/E♭, F/C, and E/B (no F♯/C♯ key). D‐Berlin, 575.

  • Oberlender, Franz Adolf Gabriel, Nuremberg. [73.4], 6 sections, boxwood, horn ferrules: mouthpiece (missing) brass crook, left‐ and right‐hand joints, stock, and bell. Keys: S, A, A♭/E♭, F♯/C♯, and E/B (usual five keys). S‐Stockholm, 81.436.

  • Proff, Tours. In G, 74, 6 sections, stained boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), curved barrel, left‐ and right‐hand joints, stock, and bell. Usual five keys. F‐Paris‐S.

  • —, attributed. In G, 6 sections, stained boxwood, horn/ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, curved barrel, left‐ and right‐hand joints, stock, and bell. Usual five keys. F‐Paris‐L.

(p.396) Six Keys (2)

  • Catlin, Philadelphia, attributed. In D or E♭, 124 (sounding length), 7 sections, maple (bassoon shape): mouthpiece, barrel, brass knee at 90 degrees, wing joint with finger holes, butt joint with finger holes, long joint, and bell. Keys: S, A, F/C (L4), open A♭/E♭ key (R4), closed E/B, and E♭ (RT). US‐NY‐New York, 1994.365.1.

  • Tuerlinckx, Corneille Jean Joseph, Malines, attributed. In F?, [93.8] 5 sections, boxwood (bassoon shape): mouthpiece, brass crook, left‐hand joint, butt joint, and brass forward‐pointing bell. Keys: S, A, C♯/G♯, B/F♯, A♭/E♭, and F/C. B‐Bruxelles, M933.

Seven Keys (1)

  • Anonymous, German origin. In G?, 74.5, 6 sections, stained boxwood, horn ferrules: mouthpiece (dark wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint (angled at the upper socket), stock, and bell. Keys: S, A, G♯, C♯/G♯, A♭/E♭, F♯/C♯, and E/B. GB‐London‐RCM, 84.

Ten Keys (2)

  • Stengel, Johann Samuel, Bayreuth. (9 +1) keys. In F, 81.9, 6 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), curved barrel, left‐ and right‐hand joints, stock, and bell. Round, flat key heads: S, A, G♯ (saddle mounted), E♭/B♭, C♯/G♯, B♭/F (pillar mounted), A♭/E♭ (pillar mounted at an angle), F/C hinged at end (key head placed underneath, close to the middle of the lever), F♯/C♯, and E/B. Ivory thumb rest on right‐hand joint. US‐DC‐Washington‐S, 95,296.

  • Embach, Ludwig, Amsterdam. In E♭ (stamped DIS), ca. 101.5, 5 sections, boxwood, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Round, flat key heads: S, A‐B, A, f/c, E♭/B♭, C♯/G♯, A♭/E♭, F/C, F♯/C♯, and E/B. NL‐Den Haag, 0840588.

Eleven Keys (1)

  • Halary, Paris. In F, 77.8 (without mouthpiece), 4 sections, brass: silver‐plated brass mouthpiece, long brass crook, one‐piece body, and upturned bell. Key: S, A, G♯, f/c (missing), E♭/B♭, C♯/G♯, B♭/F, A♭/E♭, F/C, F♯/C♯, and E/B. Four rings for L1, L2, R2, and R3. US‐MI‐Ann Arbor, 630.

Twelve Keys (1)

  • Grenser & Wiesner, Dresden. (8 + 4) keys. In F, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory/horn ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Keys with square key heads, mounted in blocks and saddles: S, A, G♯, A‐B (saddle mounted), f/c (saddle mounted), E♭/B♭ (saddle mounted), C♯/G♯, (p.397) B♭/F (saddle mounted), A♭/E♭, F/C, F♯/C♯, and E/B. Integral wooden thumb rest. S‐Stockholm, M330.

Thirteen Keys (22)

  • Buffet, Louis Auguste, Paris. In F, 89, 5 sections, plum, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Pillar mounted keys with round key heads: S, A‐B, A, G♯, f/c, E♭/B♭, C♯/G♯, B/F♯, B♭/F, A♭/E♭, F/C, F♯/C♯, and E/B (usual 13 keys). B‐Bruxelles, M1958.

  • — . In F, 86, 5 sections, black wood, brass ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), brass crook, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and black wood bell (replaced). Pillar mounted keys, 2 plateau keys, plus 2 ring keys: S and B♭ (LT), A‐B, A, G♯ (straight), f/c (R1), E♭/B♭ (R3), C♯/G♯, B♭/F, A♭/E♭, F♯/C♯, F/C, and E/B. Ring keys for R2 and R3, plateau keys for LT, L3, and R1. D‐Uhingen.

  • Constantin, Paris. In F, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys; G♯ straight. GB‐Edinburgh, 4838, Ex Shackleton.

  • Cuvillier, St. Omer. In F, 88.3, 5 sections, fruitwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (replacement), barrel (slightly curved), left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual 13 keys, all saddle mounted with brass round brackets. GB‐Edinburgh, 88.

  • Key, Thomas, London. (10 + 3) keys. In F, 86.5, 6 sections, stained boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (ivory), brass crook, left‐ and right‐hand joints, stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys; G♯ (straight) and f/c are saddle mounted, the saddle mounted B♭/F is probably a repair. US‐MA‐Boston, 17.1878.

  • — . (10 + 3) keys. In F, ca. 90, 5 sections, stained boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, brass crook, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys; G♯ (straight), f/c, and C♯/G♯ mounted on saddles. The F/C is an early Müller design with keyhead in the center of the lever. There are rollers between A♭/E♭ and F/C, and F♯/C♯ and E/B. GB‐London‐RCM, 326/C/16, Ex Ridley.

  • Kleinert, C. A., Breslau. In F (stamped), 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (dark wood), curved wooden barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys with round, flat key heads; there is a second lever opening the key head for E♭/B♭. S‐Stockholm, M528.

  • Knochenhauer, August T. A., Berlin. In F, 85, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys. US‐NY‐New York, 89.4.2126.

  • — . In F (low pitch), [73.2], 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), barrel (missing), left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Brass music lyre. Usual block mounted 13 keys. Additional location stamp: “5tes WESTF.INF. REGT.N° 53 2.” D‐Leipzig, 1524.

  • (p.398)
  • — . In F (low pitch), 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), barrel (missing), left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell (missing). Usual block mounted 13 keys. Additional location stamp: “5tes WESTF.INF. REGT.N° 53 1.” D‐Leipzig, 1525.

  • — . In F? attributed. 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (dark wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys. D‐Rostock, 1243.

  • Lefèvre, François, Paris. 87, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, brass crook, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys; two ring keys for R2 and R3. E‐Barcelona, 639.

  • Piatet, Pierre, Paris. In F, 82.4, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys; two ring keys for R2 and R3. GB‐Edinburgh, 5136, Ex Shackleton.

  • Simiot, Jacques François, Lyon. In F (stamped Fa), 82.4, 6 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (ebony), curved barrel, left‐ and right‐hand sections, stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys; S positioned on front with annular connection. GB‐Oxford Bate 493.

  • — . In F, 89.7, 6 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐ and right‐hand sections, stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys; alternate thumb hinge key for F♯/C♯. GB‐London‐M.

  • Simiot & Brelet, Lyon. In F (stamped FA), 88.5, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, barrel (slightly angled), left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys plus a plate (TL) for correction of intonation. B‐Antwerpen, VH 67.1.58.

  • — . In F (stamped FA), 82, 5 sections, stained maple, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (ebony), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys plus an open standing key for R3. I‐Milano, 410.

  • — . In F (stamped FA), 5 sections, stained maple, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys plus an open standing double cup key for R3. US‐MA‐Williamstown.

  • — . In F (stamped FA), 5 sections, stained maple, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys plus an open standing key for R3, and a ring for R2 (missing). US‐MA‐Newton Centre.

  • Skorra, Carl Eduard Simon, Berlin. In F, 85.8 (without mouthpiece), 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (ebony), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys. D‐Halle, 401.

  • — . In F, 86.5, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys with one plateau key for R1. D‐Uhingen.

  • Stengel, Johann Simon, Bayreuth. In F, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual (p.399) pillar mounted 13 keys, early Müller design for F/C, alternate thumb key for A♭/E♭, and a branch lever for F♯/C♯. J‐Hamamatsu, A‐0069R.

  • — . In F, 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (ivory), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys, with an alternate thumb key for A♭/E♭, and a branch lever for F♯/C♯. Rollers are between A♭/E♭ and E/B and between F♯/C♯ and E/B. D‐München‐S, 67–48.

  • Tuerlinckx, Corneille Jean Joseph, Malines. (8 + 5) keys. In F (stamped), [82.4], 6 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), curved barrel, left‐ and right‐hand joints, stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys including five saddle mounted. E/B and F♯/C♯ touches include an extension for use with a corps de rechange in G. B‐Bruxelles, M2599.

Fourteen Keys (6)

  • Jullien, Paris. In F (?), 90, 5 sections, stained boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys plus an f/c (L2). D‐Bochum, SGK 50.

  • Key, Thomas, London. In F, 89.7, 5 sections, dark stained wood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys plus an alternate B/F♯ (R3). There are rollers between A♭/E♭ and E/B, between F♯/C♯ and E/B, and on the touch of E♭/B♭. Serrated recess for right thumb, ring keys for R5 and R6 are a later addition. GB‐London‐RCM, 454, Ex Hartley.

  • Skorra, Carl Eduard Simon, Berlin. 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (black wood), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock (missing), and bell (missing). Eight block mounted keys on upper section. With the usual six keys on the right hand joint this instrument would have carried fourteen keys. F‐Paris, E.2196.

  • Wernicke, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm, Berlin. In F, 5 sections, stained boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (ebony) with German silver sheath, curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys with an alternate cross f/c key. US‐NY‐New York, 89.4.2279.

  • —. 5 sections, boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece (missing), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys with an alternate cross f/c key, missing duplicate f/c key. S‐Stockholm, F328.

  • Ziegler, Johann Joseph, Vienna. In G (stamped), [68.7], 5 sections, stained maple: mouthpiece (missing), curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual block mounted 13 keys plus an A♭/E♭ (L4). I‐Milano, 405.

Fifteen Key (1)

  • Seidel, Mainz. In F, 5 sections: boxwood, ivory ferrules: mouthpiece, curved barrel, left‐hand joint, right‐hand joint‐stock, and bell. Usual pillar mounted 13 keys plus duplicate side keys for f/c (L2) and E♭/B♭ (R1). US‐MI‐Ann Arbor, 629 (missing).

(p.400) Nineteen Keys (1)

  • Seelhofer, Rudolf. Bern. 9 sections, stained maple?: mouthpiece (missing), crook (missing), barrel, left‐ and right‐hand joints, U‐bend, lower joint, long joint, long bell with very little flare. Keys: two S, A‐B, A, f/c, E♭/B♭, C♯/G♯, B♭/F, A♭/E♭ (R4), A♭/E♭ (L4), F/C (R4), F♯/C♯ (L4), E/B (L4), E♭ (RT), D (RT), D♭ (LT), CC (LT), BB (LT), and BB♭ (LT). F‐Paris, E.956, C.549.

Boehm System, 17 Keys, 2 Ring (1)

  • Buffet, Louis Auguste, Paris. In F, 86.3, 5 sections, mouthpiece (dark wood), brass crook, boxwood, Boehm system with ring keys for L1 and L2, three plateau keys for R1, R2, and R3 (possibly added), bell without end ferrule. GB‐Oxford‐PR, 1963.2.6.