Performism, Nationalism, and Tourism
This chapter provides outlines of key theorizations: (1) nationalism, identity, and ethnicity; (2) tourism, ethnic tourism, and site sacralization; (3) performance and performism; (4) embodiment; (5) hegemonic folkloricization, folkloric nationalism, and ideological refunctionalization; (6) dance and music in nationalistic and touristic contexts, with a focus on Latin America; and (7) appropriation, representation, framing, gaze, essentialization, authentication, commodification, commoditization, hegemony, centers, and peripheries. Performism is coined to encompass matters of process, practice, doctrine, and theory, indexing a network of ideas that is political, pragmatic and processual. Three applications of the notion of embodiment are outlined: (1) in the body and taking form in human flesh; (2) to make an idea actual or discernible and to represent, stand for, symbolize or express something abstract in tangible or material form; and (3) to make something part of a system or whole.
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