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Implicit Motives$
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Oliver Schultheiss and Joachim Brunstein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195335156

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.001.0001

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Implicit Motives: A Look from Personality Systems Interaction Theory

Implicit Motives: A Look from Personality Systems Interaction Theory

Chapter:
(p.375) Chapter 13 Implicit Motives: A Look from Personality Systems Interaction Theory
Source:
Implicit Motives
Author(s):

Nicola Baumann

Miguel Kaz

Julius Kuhl

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0013

This chapter provides an outline of Personality Systems Interaction (PSI) theory and its contribution to an understanding of implicit motives. It will be argued that the concept of motive can be applied across preconceptual, conceptual, and self-regulatory levels of analysis, which are related to three different motive measures (i.e., TAT/PSE, grid technique, and OMT, respectively). The Operant Motive Test (OMT) by Kuhl and Scheffer (1999) will be described in more detail. Recent results on the interaction between motives and cognitive mechanisms will be functionally analyzed: (a) Congruence between explicit and implicit motives, (b) self-determined versus incentive-focused levels of motive enactment, and (c) the role of need content in the modulation of cognitive behavioral systems.

Keywords:   PSI theory, operant motive test, self-regulation, self-control, self-access, motive congruence, extension memory, intention memory, stroop interference

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