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Implicit Motives$
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Oliver Schultheiss and Joachim Brunstein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195335156

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.001.0001

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Implicit Motives and Explicit Goals: The Role of Motivational Congruence in Emotional Well-Being

Implicit Motives and Explicit Goals: The Role of Motivational Congruence in Emotional Well-Being

Chapter:
(p.347) Chapter 12 Implicit Motives and Explicit Goals: The Role of Motivational Congruence in Emotional Well-Being
Source:
Implicit Motives
Author(s):

Joachim C. Brunstein

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0012

This chapter reviews research highlighting the importance of the concept of motivational congruence, defined as the degree of correspondence between what people consciously seek to attain and what they nonconsciously would like to do, in the prediction of well-being experiences. It begins with a brief overview of research showing that implicit motives assessed with Picture Story Tests do not overlap with self-reported goals and subjective intentions. It then reviews research demonstrating that a high degree of motivational congruence is an important prerequisite for high emotional well-being. The chapter considers potential mechanisms (goal achievement and motive satisfaction) accounting for this relation and discusses procedures helping people achieve a sense of harmony between their implicit and explicit motives.

Keywords:   implicit motives, explicit motives, motivational congruence, goal achievement, motive satisfaction, well-being

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