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Implicit Motives$
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Oliver Schultheiss and Joachim Brunstein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195335156

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.001.0001

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Factors That Influence the Relation Between Implicit and Explicit Motives: A General Implicit–Explicit Congruence Framework

Factors That Influence the Relation Between Implicit and Explicit Motives: A General Implicit–Explicit Congruence Framework

Chapter:
(p.308) Chapter 11 Factors That Influence the Relation Between Implicit and Explicit Motives: A General Implicit–Explicit Congruence Framework
Source:
Implicit Motives
Author(s):

Todd M. Thrash

Scott E. Cassidy

Laura A. Maruskin

Andrew J. Elliot

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0011

This chapter addresses the relation between implicit and explicit motives and focuses on factors that influence the degree to which an individual exhibits motive congruence (i.e., consistency between corresponding implicit and explicit motives). The chapter begins with a review of the extant empirical literature on motive congruence. A general conceptual framework based on the principles of structural equation modeling is proposed. Various theoretical perspectives on the processes through which congruence may be achieved are organized in terms of the general framework, and important methodological issues that have been overlooked in past research are identified. Finally, the chapter integrates the motive congruence literature with related literatures within psychology and identifies directions for future research.

Keywords:   motives, implicit, explicit, implicit motives, explicit motives, motive congruence, consistency, self-knowledge, needs, goals

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