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Implicit Motives$
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Oliver Schultheiss and Joachim Brunstein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195335156

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.001.0001

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Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Chapter:
(p.279) Chapter 10 Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation
Source:
Implicit Motives
Author(s):

Julie L. Hall

Steven J. Stanton

Oliver C. Schultheiss

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as well as stress axis activation in power motivation arousal and satisfaction/frustration, summarize recent research on the role of progesterone and affiliation motivation, and discuss a possible role for arginine–vasopressin in achievement motivation. We also present findings from brain imaging work that indicate that the needs for power, affiliation, and achievement modulate activity in a core motivational circuit consisting of striatum, amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, and insula when nonverbal social incentives are processed.

Keywords:   implicit motives, affective neuroscience, social endocrinology, hormones, testosterone, estradiol, cortisol, progesterone, arginine–vasopressin, motivation, brain imaging, striatum, amygdala, insula, orbitofrontal cortex

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