Employment, Unemployment, and Decent Work
This chapter summarizes the global employment situation, which begins with an international comparison of employment composition by status, industry, and occupation. Reference to informal sectors is then made, and a description of unemployment, underemployment, and decent work follows. The link between these factors and the international migration of workers is also briefly explored. Even if the same word, employment, is used, what it means—the reality and concept—may differ considerably, making international comparisons and analyses difficult. As far as intervention is concerned, the International Labor Organization (ILO) is the core international agency that is active in this field through setting standards and implementing technical cooperation projects whose processes provide opportunities for the field of social work to intervene.
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