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Randomized Controlled TrialsDesign and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions$
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Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333190

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.001.0001

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Generalizing Randomized Controlled Trial Outcomes to Community Practice Settings

Generalizing Randomized Controlled Trial Outcomes to Community Practice Settings

Chapter:
(p.170) 7 Generalizing Randomized Controlled Trial Outcomes to Community Practice Settings
Source:
Randomized Controlled Trials
Author(s):

Phyllis Solomon

Mary M. Cavanaugh

Jeffrey Draine

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0007

Chapter 7 demonstrates the relevance of RCTs to building a sound, scientific basis for social work services and programs, so that social work practitioners can select the most effective interventions for their clients. Methods for establishing external validity in RCTs are discussed along with the responsibilities of social work researchers in reporting the results of RCTs in order to increase the usefulness to practice application. Furthermore, the use of systematic and meta-analytic reviews in creating generalizeable knowledge for practitioner decision-making is presented, and the contributions of RCTs to the development of evidence-based practices are also discussed. The CONSORT and QUORUM standards for reporting RCTs and meta-analytic reviews, respectively, are presented. The importance of assessing RCTs in relation to cost effectiveness and cost benefit analysis is covered.

Keywords:   external validity, CONSORT, systematic reviews, meta-analytic reviews, QUOROM, evidence-based practice, cost effectiveness, cost benefit analysis

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