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The Science of Social Vision$
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Reginald B. Adams, Nalini Ambady, Ken Nakayama, and Shinsuke Shimojo

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.001.0001

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The Role of Racial Markers in Race Perception and Racial Categorization

The Role of Racial Markers in Race Perception and Racial Categorization

Chapter:
(p.321) Chapter 19 The Role of Racial Markers in Race Perception and Racial Categorization
Source:
The Science of Social Vision
Author(s):

Otto H. MacLin

M. Kimberly MacLin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0020

This chapter argues that race is so important socially, that a special cognitive mechanism sensitive to race via racial markers has been selected out through adaptive pressures within the evolutionary process. It presents a model representing how the mechanism integrates with other cognitive processes. Finally, it discusses how this model might be useful in examining other face-related phenomena such as the inversion effect.

Keywords:   race, cognitive mechanism, racial markers, cross-race effect, inversion effect, gating mechanism

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