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Mark L. Latash

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.001.0001

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Motor Control and Coordination

Motor Control and Coordination

Chapter:
(p.51) Part Three Motor Control and Coordination
Source:
Synergy
Author(s):

Mark L. Latash (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0003

The third part of the book starts with a review of the contribution of two great scientists, Israel Gelfand and Michael Tsetlin, to motor control. The notions of hierarchical control and structural units are introduced, and the principle of minimal interaction is described as a governing principle for the control of multi-element systems. Further, two views on the control of voluntary movements are contrasted. The first one operates with motor programs and internal models. The alternative view assumes that the controller defines parameters of the system, not its performance variables. The equilibrium-point hypothesis is introduced first at a single-muscle level, and then it is generalized for multi-muscle systems. A number of misconceptions about the equilibrium-point hypothesis are reviewed. This Part also contains six Digressions that present brief overviews of such topics as muscle properties, information transmission in the central nervous system, proprioception, reflexes, brain imaging, and adaptation to force fields.

Keywords:   Israel Gelfand, Michael Tsetlin, structural unit, minimal interaction, motor programs, internal models, motor adaptation, muscle properties, reflexes, proprioception

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