John Marrant and the Lazarus Theology of the Early Black Atlantic
Birchtown, Nova Scotia; November 1785
This chapter follows African American evangelist John Marrant (1755–90) during his three-year mission to Birchtown, Nova Scotia, where thousands of exiled black Loyalists had formed North America's largest all-black settlement. Marrant's published missionary Journal (1790) establishes a covenant theology specific to this black Atlantic community and promulgates a collective narrative of gathering, exodus, and Zionistic fulfillment. Many Birchtowners made an exodus to Sierra Leone in 1791. Marrant, however, continued his ministry as chaplain to the first African Lodge of Freemasons in Boston, Massachusetts.
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