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Brother's KeeperThe United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962$
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Jason C. Parker

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195332025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332025.001.0001

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Collapse: The Broken Bulwark

Collapse: The Broken Bulwark

Chapter:
(p.140) 6 Collapse: The Broken Bulwark
Source:
Brother's Keeper
Author(s):

Janson C. Parker (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332025.003.0007

Describes the optimism that accompanied the settlement of the Chaguaramas dispute, which formed part of the Kennedy administration's anti-Castro hemispheric diplomacy. Along with the Alliance for Progress and other initiatives, the now-solidified West Indies Federation was as crucial a part of American designs as of British and West Indian plans. The September 1961 Jamaican referendum, on that island's continued participation in the federation, was expected to return an affirmative answer. When it did not, all parties were forced to improvise. Jamaica's exit doomed the union, and the federation joined others around the postwar globe in fracturing along insular lines. The United States retooled its regional policy around the “twin pillars” of Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, both of which achieved their independence in 1962.

Keywords:   U.S. foreign relations, British West Indies, West Indies Federation, Cold War, decolonization, Caribbean, Jamaican referendum, bauxite, Eric Williams, Chaguaramas, Castro, Inter-American relations

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